B 64482 en-01

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B 64482 en-01

  1. 1. FANUC Series 30*-MODEL BFANUC Series 31*-MODEL BFANUC Series 32*-MODEL B DESCRIPTIONS B-64482EN/01
  2. 2. • No part of this manual may be reproduced in any form. • All specifications and designs are subject to change without notice.The products in this manual are controlled based on Japan’s “Foreign Exchange andForeign Trade Law”. The export of Series 30i-B, Series 31i-B5 from Japan is subject to anexport license by the government of Japan. Other models in this manual may also besubject to export controls.Further, re-export to another country may be subject to the license of the government ofthe country from where the product is re-exported. Furthermore, the product may also becontrolled by re-export regulations of the United States government.Should you wish to export or re-export these products, please contact FANUC for advice.In this manual we have tried as much as possible to describe all the various matters.However, we cannot describe all the matters which must not be done, or which cannot bedone, because there are so many possibilities.Therefore, matters which are not especially described as possible in this manual should beregarded as ”impossible”.
  3. 3. B-64482EN/01 SAFETY PRECAUTIONSSAFETY PRECAUTIONS This section describes the safety precautions related to the use of CNC units. It is essential that these precautions be observed by users to ensure the safe operation of machines equipped with a CNC unit (all descriptions in this section assume this configuration). Note that some precautions are related only to specific functions, and thus may not be applicable to certain CNC units. Users must also observe the safety precautions related to the machine, as described in the relevant manual supplied by the machine tool builder. Before attempting to operate the machine or create a program to control the operation of the machine, the operator must become fully familiar with the contents of this manual and relevant manual supplied by the machine tool builder. CONTENTS DEFINITION OF WARNING, CAUTION, AND NOTE.........................................................................s-1 GENERAL WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS ............................................................................................s-2 WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS RELATED TO PROGRAMMING .......................................................s-3 WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS RELATED TO HANDLING ................................................................s-5 WARNINGS RELATED TO DAILY MAINTENANCE .........................................................................s-7DEFINITION OF WARNING, CAUTION, AND NOTE This manual includes safety precautions for protecting the user and preventing damage to the machine. Precautions are classified into Warning and Caution according to their bearing on safety. Also, supplementary information is described as a Note. Read the Warning, Caution, and Note thoroughly before attempting to use the machine. WARNING Applied when there is a danger of the user being injured or when there is a danger of both the user being injured and the equipment being damaged if the approved procedure is not observed. CAUTION Applied when there is a danger of the equipment being damaged, if the approved procedure is not observed. NOTE The Note is used to indicate supplementary information other than Warning and Caution. • Read this manual carefully, and store it in a safe place. s-1
  4. 4. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS B-64482EN/01GENERAL WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS WARNING 1 Never attempt to machine a workpiece without first checking the operation of the machine. Before starting a production run, ensure that the machine is operating correctly by performing a trial run using, for example, the single block, feedrate override, or machine lock function or by operating the machine with neither a tool nor workpiece mounted. Failure to confirm the correct operation of the machine may result in the machine behaving unexpectedly, possibly causing damage to the workpiece and/or machine itself, or injury to the user. 2 Before operating the machine, thoroughly check the entered data. Operating the machine with incorrectly specified data may result in the machine behaving unexpectedly, possibly causing damage to the workpiece and/or machine itself, or injury to the user. 3 Ensure that the specified feedrate is appropriate for the intended operation. Generally, for each machine, there is a maximum allowable feedrate. The appropriate feedrate varies with the intended operation. Refer to the manual provided with the machine to determine the maximum allowable feedrate. If a machine is run at other than the correct speed, it may behave unexpectedly, possibly causing damage to the workpiece and/or machine itself, or injury to the user. 4 When using a tool compensation function, thoroughly check the direction and amount of compensation. Operating the machine with incorrectly specified data may result in the machine behaving unexpectedly, possibly causing damage to the workpiece and/or machine itself, or injury to the user. 5 The parameters for the CNC and PMC are factory-set. Usually, there is not need to change them. When, however, there is not alternative other than to change a parameter, ensure that you fully understand the function of the parameter before making any change. Failure to set a parameter correctly may result in the machine behaving unexpectedly, possibly causing damage to the workpiece and/or machine itself, or injury to the user. 6 Immediately after switching on the power, do not touch any of the keys on the MDI panel until the position display or alarm screen appears on the CNC unit. Some of the keys on the MDI panel are dedicated to maintenance or other special operations. Pressing any of these keys may place the CNC unit in other than its normal state. Starting the machine in this state may cause it to behave unexpectedly. 7 The Operator’s Manual and Programming Manual supplied with a CNC unit provide an overall description of the machines functions, including any optional functions. Note that the optional functions will vary from one machine model to another. Therefore, some functions described in the manuals may not actually be available for a particular model. Check the specification of the machine if in doubt. 8 Some functions may have been implemented at the request of the machine-tool builder. When using such functions, refer to the manual supplied by the machine-tool builder for details of their use and any related cautions. s-2
  5. 5. B-64482EN/01 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS CAUTION The liquid-crystal display is manufactured with very precise fabrication technology. Some pixels may not be turned on or may remain on. This phenomenon is a common attribute of LCDs and is not a defect. NOTE Programs, parameters, and macro variables are stored in nonvolatile memory in the CNC unit. Usually, they are retained even if the power is turned off. Such data may be deleted inadvertently, however, or it may prove necessary to delete all data from nonvolatile memory as part of error recovery. To guard against the occurrence of the above, and assure quick restoration of deleted data, backup all vital data, and keep the backup copy in a safe place.WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS RELATED TO PROGRAMMING This section covers the major safety precautions related to programming. Before attempting to perform programming, read the supplied Operator’s Manual carefully such that you are fully familiar with their contents. WARNING 1 Coordinate system setting If a coordinate system is established incorrectly, the machine may behave unexpectedly as a result of the program issuing an otherwise valid move command. Such an unexpected operation may damage the tool, the machine itself, the workpiece, or cause injury to the user. 2 Positioning by nonlinear interpolation When performing positioning by nonlinear interpolation (positioning by nonlinear movement between the start and end points), the tool path must be carefully confirmed before performing programming. Positioning involves rapid traverse. If the tool collides with the workpiece, it may damage the tool, the machine itself, the workpiece, or cause injury to the user. 3 Function involving a rotation axis When programming polar coordinate interpolation or normal-direction (perpendicular) control, pay careful attention to the speed of the rotation axis. Incorrect programming may result in the rotation axis speed becoming excessively high, such that centrifugal force causes the chuck to lose its grip on the workpiece if the latter is not mounted securely. Such mishap is likely to damage the tool, the machine itself, the workpiece, or cause injury to the user. 4 Inch/metric conversion Switching between inch and metric inputs does not convert the measurement units of data such as the workpiece origin offset, parameter, and current position. Before starting the machine, therefore, determine which measurement units are being used. Attempting to perform an operation with invalid data specified may damage the tool, the machine itself, the workpiece, or cause injury to the user. s-3
  6. 6. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS B-64482EN/01 WARNING 5 Constant surface speed control When an axis subject to constant surface speed control approaches the origin of the workpiece coordinate system, the spindle speed may become excessively high. Therefore, it is necessary to specify a maximum allowable speed. Specifying the maximum allowable speed incorrectly may damage the tool, the machine itself, the workpiece, or cause injury to the user. 6 Stroke check After switching on the power, perform a manual reference position return as required. Stroke check is not possible before manual reference position return is performed. Note that when stroke check is disabled, an alarm is not issued even if a stroke limit is exceeded, possibly damaging the tool, the machine itself, the workpiece, or causing injury to the user. 7 Tool post interference check A tool post interference check is performed based on the tool data specified during automatic operation. If the tool specification does not match the tool actually being used, the interference check cannot be made correctly, possibly damaging the tool or the machine itself, or causing injury to the user. After switching on the power, or after selecting a tool post manually, always start automatic operation and specify the tool number of the tool to be used. 8 Absolute/incremental mode If a program created with absolute values is run in incremental mode, or vice versa, the machine may behave unexpectedly. 9 Plane selection If an incorrect plane is specified for circular interpolation, helical interpolation, or a canned cycle, the machine may behave unexpectedly. Refer to the descriptions of the respective functions for details. 10 Torque limit skip Before attempting a torque limit skip, apply the torque limit. If a torque limit skip is specified without the torque limit actually being applied, a move command will be executed without performing a skip. WARNING 11 Programmable mirror image Note that programmed operations vary considerably when a programmable mirror image is enabled. 12 Compensation function If a command based on the machine coordinate system or a reference position return command is issued in compensation function mode, compensation is temporarily canceled, resulting in the unexpected behavior of the machine. Before issuing any of the above commands, therefore, always cancel compensation function mode. s-4
  7. 7. B-64482EN/01 SAFETY PRECAUTIONSWARNINGS AND CAUTIONS RELATED TO HANDLING This section presents safety precautions related to the handling of machine tools. Before attempting to operate your machine, read the supplied Operator’s Manual carefully, such that you are fully familiar with their contents. WARNING 1 Manual operation When operating the machine manually, determine the current position of the tool and workpiece, and ensure that the movement axis, direction, and feedrate have been specified correctly. Incorrect operation of the machine may damage the tool, the machine itself, the workpiece, or cause injury to the operator. 2 Manual reference position return After switching on the power, perform manual reference position return as required. If the machine is operated without first performing manual reference position return, it may behave unexpectedly. Stroke check is not possible before manual reference position return is performed. An unexpected operation of the machine may damage the tool, the machine itself, the workpiece, or cause injury to the user. 3 Manual numeric command When issuing a manual numeric command, determine the current position of the tool and workpiece, and ensure that the movement axis, direction, and command have been specified correctly, and that the entered values are valid. Attempting to operate the machine with an invalid command specified may damage the tool, the machine itself, the workpiece, or cause injury to the operator. 4 Manual handle feed In manual handle feed, rotating the handle with a large scale factor, such as 100, applied causes the tool and table to move rapidly. Careless handling may damage the tool and/or machine, or cause injury to the user. 5 Disabled override If override is disabled (according to the specification in a macro variable) during threading, rigid tapping, or other tapping, the speed cannot be predicted, possibly damaging the tool, the machine itself, the workpiece, or causing injury to the operator. 6 Origin/preset operation Basically, never attempt an origin/preset operation when the machine is operating under the control of a program. Otherwise, the machine may behave unexpectedly, possibly damaging the tool, the machine itself, the tool, or causing injury to the user. 7 Workpiece coordinate system shift Manual intervention, machine lock, or mirror imaging may shift the workpiece coordinate system. Before attempting to operate the machine under the control of a program, confirm the coordinate system carefully. If the machine is operated under the control of a program without making allowances for any shift in the workpiece coordinate system, the machine may behave unexpectedly, possibly damaging the tool, the machine itself, the workpiece, or causing injury to the operator. s-5
  8. 8. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS B-64482EN/01 WARNING 8 Software operators panel and menu switches Using the software operators panel and menu switches, in combination with the MDI panel, it is possible to specify operations not supported by the machine operators panel, such as mode change, override value change, and jog feed commands. Note, however, that if the MDI panel keys are operated inadvertently, the machine may behave unexpectedly, possibly damaging the tool, the machine itself, the workpiece, or causing injury to the user. 9 RESET key Pressing the RESET key stops the currently running program. As a result, the servo axes are stopped. However, the RESET key may fail to function for reasons such as an MDI panel problem. So, when the motors must be stopped, use the emergency stop button instead of the RESET key to ensure security. 10 Manual intervention If manual intervention is performed during programmed operation of the machine, the tool path may vary when the machine is restarted. Before restarting the machine after manual intervention, therefore, confirm the settings of the manual absolute switches, parameters, and absolute/incremental command mode. 11 Feed hold, override, and single block The feed hold, feedrate override, and single block functions can be disabled using custom macro system variable #3004. Be careful when operating the machine in this case. 12 Dry run Usually, a dry run is used to confirm the operation of the machine. During a dry run, the machine operates at dry run speed, which differs from the corresponding programmed feedrate. Note that the dry run speed may sometimes be higher than the programmed feed rate. 13 Cutter and tool nose radius compensation in MDI mode Pay careful attention to a tool path specified by a command in MDI mode, because cutter or tool nose radius compensation is not applied. When a command is entered from the MDI to interrupt in automatic operation in cutter or tool nose radius compensation mode, pay particular attention to the tool path when automatic operation is subsequently resumed. Refer to the descriptions of the corresponding functions for details. 14 Program editing If the machine is stopped, after which the machining program is edited (modification, insertion, or deletion), the machine may behave unexpectedly if machining is resumed under the control of that program. Basically, do not modify, insert, or delete commands from a machining program while it is in use. s-6
  9. 9. B-64482EN/01 SAFETY PRECAUTIONSWARNINGS RELATED TO DAILY MAINTENANCE WARNING 1 Memory backup battery replacement When replacing the memory backup batteries, keep the power to the machine (CNC) turned on, and apply an emergency stop to the machine. Because this work is performed with the power on and the cabinet open, only those personnel who have received approved safety and maintenance training may perform this work. When replacing the batteries, be careful not to touch the high-voltage circuits (marked and fitted with an insulating cover). Touching the uncovered high-voltage circuits presents an extremely dangerous electric shock hazard. NOTE The CNC uses batteries to preserve the contents of its memory, because it must retain data such as programs, offsets, and parameters even while external power is not applied. If the battery voltage drops, a low battery voltage alarm is displayed on the machine operators panel or screen. When a low battery voltage alarm is displayed, replace the batteries within a week. Otherwise, the contents of the CNCs memory will be lost. Refer to the Section “Method of replacing battery” in the Operator’s Manual (Common to Lathe System/Machining Center System) for details of the battery replacement procedure. WARNING 2 Absolute pulse coder battery replacement When replacing the memory backup batteries, keep the power to the machine (CNC) turned on, and apply an emergency stop to the machine. Because this work is performed with the power on and the cabinet open, only those personnel who have received approved safety and maintenance training may perform this work. When replacing the batteries, be careful not to touch the high-voltage circuits (marked and fitted with an insulating cover). Touching the uncovered high-voltage circuits presents an extremely dangerous electric shock hazard. NOTE The absolute pulse coder uses batteries to preserve its absolute position. If the battery voltage drops, a low battery voltage alarm is displayed on the machine operators panel or screen. When a low battery voltage alarm is displayed, replace the batteries within a week. Otherwise, the absolute position data held by the pulse coder will be lost. Refer to the FANUC SERVO MOTOR αi series Maintenance Manual for details of the battery replacement procedure. s-7
  10. 10. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS B-64482EN/01 WARNING 3 Fuse replacement Before replacing a blown fuse, however, it is necessary to locate and remove the cause of the blown fuse. For this reason, only those personnel who have received approved safety and maintenance training may perform this work. When replacing a fuse with the cabinet open, be careful not to touch the high-voltage circuits (marked and fitted with an insulating cover). Touching an uncovered high-voltage circuit presents an extremely dangerous electric shock hazard. s-8
  11. 11. B-64482EN/01 TABLE OF CONTENTSTABLE OF CONTENTSSAFETY PRECAUTIONS............................................................................s-1 DEFINITION OF WARNING, CAUTION, AND NOTE ............................................. s-1 GENERAL WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS............................................................... s-2 WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS RELATED TO PROGRAMMING ............................ s-3 WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS RELATED TO HANDLING...................................... s-5 WARNINGS RELATED TO DAILY MAINTENANCE ............................................... s-7I. GENERAL1 GENERAL ............................................................................................... 32 LIST OF SPECIFICATION ...................................................................... 6II. NC FUNCTION1 CONTROLLED AXIS ............................................................................ 37 1.1 NUMBER OF MAXIMUM CONTROLLED AXES ......................................... 38 1.2 NUMBER OF MACHINE GROUPS ............................................................. 38 1.3 NUMBER OF CONTROLLED PATHS......................................................... 39 1.3.1 Multi-path Control..................................................................................................39 1.4 NUMBER OF CONTROLLED AXES / NUMBER OF CONTROLLED SPINDLE AXES........................................................................................... 39 1.5 NUMBER OF CONTROLLED PATHS AND AXES FOR LOADER.............. 40 1.6 AXIS CONTROL BY PMC ........................................................................... 40 1.7 Cs CONTOURING CONTROL .................................................................... 40 1.8 LOADER CONTROL ................................................................................... 41 1.9 NAMES OF AXES ....................................................................................... 41 1.9.1 Names of Axes .......................................................................................................41 1.9.2 Axis Name Expansion ............................................................................................41 1.10 ARBITRARY AXIS NAME SETTING ........................................................... 42 1.10.1 Arbitrary Axis Name ..............................................................................................42 1.10.2 AXNUM Function..................................................................................................43 1.11 SPINDLE NAME EXPANSION .................................................................... 43 1.12 SYNCHRONOUS / COMPOSITE CONTROL.............................................. 44 1.13 SUPERIMPOSED CONTROL ..................................................................... 46 1.14 AXIS SYNCHRONOUS CONTROL............................................................. 47 1.15 ANGULAR AXIS CONTROL........................................................................ 47 1.16 INCLINED ROTARY AXIS CONTROL ........................................................ 49 1.17 TANDEM CONTROL ................................................................................... 51 1.18 TANDEM DISTURBANCE ELIMINATION CONTROL................................. 51 1.19 TORQUE CONTROL................................................................................... 52 1.20 POLE POSITION DETECTION FUNCTION ................................................ 52 1.21 CONTROL AXIS DETACH .......................................................................... 52 1.22 CHOPPING FUNCTION .............................................................................. 52 1.23 INCREMENT SYSTEM................................................................................ 53 c-1
  12. 12. TABLE OF CONTENTS B-64482EN/01 1.24 FLEXIBLE FEED GEAR .............................................................................. 54 1.25 ARBITRARY COMMAND MULTIPLY.......................................................... 54 1.26 DUAL POSITION FEEDBACK..................................................................... 54 1.27 HRV CONTROL........................................................................................... 55 1.28 INCH/METRIC CONVERSION .................................................................... 56 1.29 INTERLOCK ................................................................................................ 56 1.29.1 Start Lock ...............................................................................................................56 1.29.2 All-axis Interlock....................................................................................................56 1.29.3 Each-axis Interlock.................................................................................................56 1.29.4 Each-axis Direction Interlock.................................................................................56 1.29.5 Block Start Interlock ..............................................................................................57 1.29.6 Cutting Block Start Interlock .................................................................................57 1.30 MACHINE LOCK ......................................................................................... 57 1.30.1 All-axis Machine Lock ...........................................................................................57 1.30.2 Each-axis Machine Lock ........................................................................................57 1.31 EMERGENCY STOP................................................................................... 57 1.32 OVERTRAVEL............................................................................................. 57 1.33 STORED STROKE CHECK 1...................................................................... 58 1.34 STORED STROKE CHECK 1 AREA EXPANSION ..................................... 58 1.35 STROKE LIMIT EXTERNAL SETTING ....................................................... 58 1.36 STORED STROKE CHECK 2 (G22, G23)................................................... 58 1.37 STORED STROKE CHECK 3...................................................................... 59 1.38 STROKE LIMIT CHECK BEFORE MOVE ................................................... 59 1.39 CHUCK AND TAIL STOCK BARRIER......................................................... 59 1.40 CHECKING THE STORED STROKE DURING THE TIME FROM POWER–ON TO THE REFERENCE POSITION ESTABLISHMENT.......... 61 1.41 STROKE LIMIT AREA CHANGING FUNCTION ......................................... 61 1.42 ROTATION AREA INTERFERENCE CHECK ............................................. 61 1.43 MIRROR IMAGE.......................................................................................... 62 1.44 FOLLOW-UP ............................................................................................... 63 1.45 SERVO OFF / MECHANICAL HANDLE FEED............................................ 63 1.46 CHAMFERING ON/OFF .............................................................................. 63 1.47 INTERFERENCE CHECK FOR EACH PATH ............................................. 63 1.48 UNEXPECTED DISTURBANCE TORQUE DETECTION FUNCTION ........ 64 1.49 ROTARY AXIS CONTROL .......................................................................... 65 1.50 POSITION SWITCH .................................................................................... 65 1.51 HIGH-SPEED POSITION SWITCH ............................................................. 65 1.52 DIRECTION-DEPENDENT TYPE HIGH-SPEED POSITION SWITCH ....... 65 1.53 LINEAR SCALE WITH ABSOLUTE ADDRESS REFERENCE MARK ........ 66 1.53.1 Linear Scale Interface with Absolute Address Reference Mark ............................66 1.53.2 Linear Scale with Absolute Address Reference Mark Expansion..........................66 1.54 LINEAR SCALE WITH DISTANCE-CODED REFERENCE MARKS (SERIAL) ..................................................................................................... 66 1.55 ABSOLUTE POSITION DETECTION.......................................................... 66 1.56 TEMPORARY ABSOLUTE COORDINATE SETTING................................. 67 1.57 DUAL CHECK SAFETY............................................................................... 67 1.58 FUNCTION OF DECELERATION STOP IN CASE OF POWER FAILURE . 68 1.59 CORRESPONDENCE OF ROTARY SCALE WITHOUT ROTARY DATA... 68 c-2
  13. 13. B-64482EN/01 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.60 FLEXIBLE SYNCHRONIZATION CONTROL .............................................. 68 1.61 AUTOMATIC PHASE SYNCHRONIZATION FOR FLEXIBLE SYNCHRONOUS CONTROL ...................................................................... 69 1.62 INTER-PATH FLEXIBLE SYNCHRONOUS CONTROL .............................. 69 1.63 CHOPPING FUNCTION BY FLEXIBLE SYNCHRONOUS CONTROL ....... 71 1.64 AXIS IMMEDIATE STOP FUNCTION ......................................................... 71 1.65 PIVOT AXIS CONTROL .............................................................................. 71 1.66 FLEXIBLE PATH AXIS ASSIGNMENT........................................................ 72 1.67 BUILT-IN 3D INTERFERENCE CHECK ...................................................... 732 OPERATION ......................................................................................... 76 2.1 OPERATION MODE.................................................................................... 77 2.1.1 Automatic Operation (Memory Operation)............................................................77 2.1.2 MDI Operation .......................................................................................................77 2.1.3 DNC Operation.......................................................................................................77 2.1.4 DNC Operation with Memory Card .......................................................................77 2.1.5 Schedule Operation ................................................................................................77 2.2 PROGRAM SEARCH .................................................................................. 77 2.3 SEQUENCE NUMBER SEARCH ................................................................ 77 2.4 SEQUENCE NUMBER COMPARISON AND STOP ................................... 77 2.5 PROGRAM RESTART ................................................................................ 77 2.5.1 Auxiliary Function Output in Program Restart Function .......................................78 2.6 QUICK PROGRAM RESTART .................................................................... 78 2.7 TOOL RETRACT AND RECOVER.............................................................. 78 2.8 MANUAL INTERVENTION AND RETURN.................................................. 79 2.9 RETRACE.................................................................................................... 80 2.10 ACTIVE BLOCK CANCEL FUNCTION........................................................ 80 2.11 MALFUNCTION PREVENT FUNCTIONS ................................................... 80 2.12 WRONG OPERATION PREVENTION FUNCTION..................................... 80 2.13 RETRACTION FOR RIGID TAPPING ......................................................... 81 2.13.1 Retraction for Rigid Tapping by Using the G30 Command...................................81 2.14 BUFFER REGISTER ................................................................................... 81 2.15 DRY RUN .................................................................................................... 81 2.16 SINGLE BLOCK .......................................................................................... 82 2.17 HIGH SPEED PROGRAM CHECK FUNCTION .......................................... 82 2.18 JOG FEED................................................................................................... 82 2.19 MANUAL REFERENCE POSITION RETURN............................................. 82 2.20 REFERENCE POSITION SETTING WITHOUT DOG ................................. 82 2.21 REFERENCE POSITION SETTING WITH MECHANICAL STOPPER ....... 83 2.22 REFERENCE POSITION SETTING WITH MECHANICAL STOPPER FOR AXIS SYNCHRONOUS CONTROL............................................................. 83 2.23 REFERENCE POSITION SETTING WITH MECHANICAL STOPPER BY GRID METHOD ........................................................................................... 83 2.24 REFERENCE POSITION RETURN FEEDRATE SETTING ........................ 84 2.25 REFERENCE POSITION SHIFT ................................................................. 84 2.26 MANUAL HANDLE FEED............................................................................ 84 2.26.1 Manual Handle Feed (1 Unit).................................................................................84 2.26.2 Manual Handle Feed (2/3 Units) ............................................................................84 c-3
  14. 14. TABLE OF CONTENTS B-64482EN/01 2.26.3 Manual Handle Feed (4/5 Units) ............................................................................84 2.26.4 Manual Handle Feed Magnification.......................................................................84 2.26.5 Manual Handle Feed Multiple 10 Million..............................................................85 2.27 3-DIMENSIONAL MANUAL FEED .............................................................. 85 2.27.1 Tool Axis Direction Handle Feed / Tool Axis Direction Jog Feed / Tool Axis Direction Incremental Feed ....................................................................................86 2.27.2 Tool Axis Right-Angle Direction Handle Feed / Tool Axis Right-Angle Direction Jog Feed / Tool Axis Right-Angle Direction Incremental Feed.............................86 2.27.3 Tool Tip Center Rotation Handle Feed / Tool Tip Center Rotation Jog Feed / Tool Tip Center Rotation Incremental Feed...........................................................87 2.27.4 Table Vertical Direction Handle Feed / Table Vertical Direction Jog Feed / Table Vertical Direction Incremental Feed ............................................................88 2.27.5 Table Horizontal Direction Handle Feed / Table Horizontal Direction Jog Feed / Table Horizontal Direction Incremental Feed ........................................................88 2.28 MANUAL HANDLE INTERRUPTION .......................................................... 89 2.28.1 Manual Interruption of 3-dimensional Coordinate System Conversion.................89 2.29 MANUAL LINEAR/CIRCULAR INTERPOLATION....................................... 89 2.30 HANDLE-SYNCHRONOUS FEED .............................................................. 90 2.31 FANUC SERVO MOTOR β Series (I/O OPTION) MANUAL HANDLE INTERFACE ................................................................................................ 91 2.32 INCREMENTAL FEED ................................................................................ 91 2.33 JOG AND HANDLE SIMULTANEOUS MODE ............................................ 92 2.34 MANUAL NUMERICAL COMMAND............................................................ 92 2.35 REFERENCE POSITION SIGNAL OUTPUT FUNCTION ........................... 92 2.36 MANUAL HANDLE RETRACE .................................................................... 92 2.37 AUXILIARY FUNCTION OUTPUT BLOCK REVERSE MOVEMENT FOR MANUAL HANDLE RETRACE .................................................................... 92 2.38 MANUAL HANDLE RETRACE FUNCTION FOR MULTI-PATH.................. 93 2.39 EXTENSION OF THE MANUAL HANDLE RETRACE FUNCTION ............. 93 2.40 PULSE SUPERIMPOSED FUNCTION........................................................ 93 2.41 RETRACTION FOR 3-DIMENSIONAL RIGID TAPPING ............................ 93 2.42 MANUAL 2ND/3RD/4TH REFERENCE POSITION RETURN FUNCTION . 933 INTERPOLATION FUNCTION .............................................................. 95 3.1 NANO INTERPOLATION ............................................................................ 95 3.2 POSITIONING ............................................................................................. 96 3.3 SINGLE DIRECTION POSITIONING .......................................................... 96 3.4 EXACT STOP MODE .................................................................................. 97 3.5 TAPPING MODE ......................................................................................... 97 3.6 CUTTING MODE ......................................................................................... 97 3.7 EXACT STOP .............................................................................................. 98 3.8 IN-POSITION CHECK SIGNAL ................................................................... 98 3.9 LINEAR INTERPOLATION .......................................................................... 98 3.10 CIRCULAR INTERPOLATION..................................................................... 99 3.11 EXPONENTIAL INTERPOLATION............................................................ 100 3.12 DWELL ...................................................................................................... 101 3.13 POLAR COORDINATE INTERPOLATION ................................................ 102 3.14 CYLINDRICAL INTERPOLATION ............................................................. 104 3.14.1 Cylindrical Interpolation ......................................................................................104 c-4
  15. 15. B-64482EN/01 TABLE OF CONTENTS 3.14.2 Cylindrical Interpolation by Plane Distance Command .......................................105 3.15 HELICAL INTERPOLATION ...................................................................... 106 3.16 HELICAL INTERPOLATION B................................................................... 107 3.17 INVOLUTE INTERPOLATION ................................................................... 107 3.18 HYPOTHETICAL AXIS INTERPOLATION ................................................ 109 3.19 SPIRAL INTERPOLATION, CONICAL INTERPOLATION ........................ 110 3.20 SMOOTH INTERPOLATION ..................................................................... 113 3.21 NANO SMOOTHING ................................................................................. 113 3.22 NANO SMOOTHING 2 .............................................................................. 114 3.23 THREAD CUTTING, SYNCHRONOUS CUTTING .................................... 115 3.24 MULTIPLE THREADING ........................................................................... 116 3.25 THREADING RETRACT............................................................................ 117 3.25.1 Threading Retract (Canned Cycle).......................................................................117 3.25.2 Threading Retract (Multiple Repetitive Cycle) ....................................................117 3.26 CONTINUOUS THREADING..................................................................... 118 3.27 VARIABLE LEAD THREADING................................................................. 118 3.28 CIRCULAR THREAD CUTTING................................................................ 119 3.29 CIRCULAR THREAD CUTTING B ............................................................ 119 3.30 POLYGON TURNING................................................................................ 121 3.31 POLYGON TURNING WITH TWO SPINDLES.......................................... 122 3.32 SKIP FUNCTION ....................................................................................... 123 3.32.1 Skip Function .......................................................................................................123 3.32.2 Multi-step Skip .....................................................................................................124 3.32.3 High-speed Skip ...................................................................................................124 3.32.4 Continuous High-speed Skip Function.................................................................125 3.32.5 Torque Limit Skip ................................................................................................125 3.33 REFERENCE POSITION RETURN........................................................... 126 3.33.1 Automatic Reference Position Return ..................................................................126 3.33.2 Reference Position Return Check.........................................................................127 3.33.3 Second, Third, and Fourth Reference Position Return.........................................127 3.33.4 In-position Check Disable Reference Position Return .........................................127 3.33.5 Floating Reference Position Return......................................................................129 3.34 NORMAL DIRECTION CONTROL ............................................................ 129 3.35 NURBS INTERPOLATION ........................................................................ 131 3.35.1 NURBS Interpolation Additional Functions ........................................................132 3.36 3-DIMENSIONAL CIRCULAR INTERPOLATION...................................... 132 3.37 BALANCE CUTTING ................................................................................. 133 3.38 INDEX TABLE INDEXING ......................................................................... 134 3.39 GENERAL PURPOSE RETRACT ............................................................. 135 3.40 GROOVE CUTTING BY CONTINUOUS CIRCLE MOTION ...................... 1354 FEED FUNCTION................................................................................ 137 4.1 RAPID TRAVERSE ................................................................................... 137 4.2 RAPID TRAVERSE OVERRIDE................................................................ 138 4.3 FEED PER MINUTE .................................................................................. 138 4.4 FEED PER REVOLUTION......................................................................... 139 4.5 FEED PER REVOLUTION WITHOUT POSITION CODER ....................... 140 4.6 CONSTANT SURFACE SPEED CONTROL WITHOUT POSITION CODER...................................................................................................... 140 c-5
  16. 16. TABLE OF CONTENTS B-64482EN/01 4.7 TANGENTIAL SPEED CONSTANT CONTROL ........................................ 140 4.8 CUTTING FEEDRATE CLAMP ................................................................. 140 4.9 AUTOMATIC ACCELERATION/DECELERATION .................................... 140 4.10 RAPID TRAVERSE BLOCK OVERLAP..................................................... 141 4.11 PROGRAMMABLE RAPID TRAVERSE OVERLAP .................................. 142 4.12 RAPID TRAVERSE BELL-SHAPED ACCELERATION/DECELERATION 142 4.13 POSITIONING BY OPTIMUM ACCELERATION....................................... 143 4.14 OPTIMUM TORQUE ACCELERATION/DECELERATION ........................ 143 4.15 BELL-SHAPED ACCELERATION/DECELERATION AFTER CUTTING FEED INTERPOLATION ........................................................................... 144 4.16 LINEAR ACCELERATION/DECELERATION BEFORE CUTTING FEED INTERPOLATION...................................................................................... 144 4.17 FEEDRATE OVERRIDE ............................................................................ 145 4.18 SECOND FEEDRATE OVERRIDE............................................................ 145 4.19 ONE-DIGIT F CODE FEED ....................................................................... 145 4.20 INVERSE TIME FEED............................................................................... 145 4.21 JOG OVERRIDE........................................................................................ 145 4.22 OVERRIDE CANCEL ................................................................................ 146 4.23 DWELL/AUXILIARY FUNCTION TIME OVERRIDE FUNCTION............... 146 4.24 MANUAL PER REVOLUTION FEED......................................................... 146 4.25 EXTERNAL DECELERATION ................................................................... 146 4.26 FEED STOP .............................................................................................. 146 4.27 SPEED CONTROL WITH ACCELERATION IN CIRCULAR INTERPOLATION...................................................................................... 147 4.28 LINEAR ACCELERATION/DECELERATION AFTER CUTTING FEED INTERPOLATION...................................................................................... 148 4.29 AI CONTOUR CONTROL I / AI CONTOUR CONTROL II......................... 149 4.30 HIGH-SPEED PROCESSING.................................................................... 150 4.31 LOOK-AHEAD BLOCKS EXPANSION...................................................... 150 4.32 BELL-SHAPED ACCELERATION/DECELERATION BEFORE LOOK-AHEAD INTERPOLATION ............................................................. 150 4.33 JERK CONTROL ....................................................................................... 151 4.34 RIGID TAPPING BELL-SHAPED ACCELERATION/DECELERATION ..... 152 4.35 SPEED COMMAND EXTENSION IN LEAST INPUT INCREMENTS C, D, AND E........................................................................................................ 152 4.36 OPTIMUM ACCELERATION/DECELERATION FOR RIGID TAPPING .... 1535 PROGRAM INPUT .............................................................................. 155 5.1 PROGRAM CODE..................................................................................... 156 5.2 LABEL SKIP .............................................................................................. 156 5.3 PARITY CHECK ........................................................................................ 156 5.4 CONTROL-IN / CONTROL-OUT ............................................................... 157 5.5 OPTIONAL BLOCK SKIP .......................................................................... 157 5.6 OPTIONAL BLOCK SKIP EXTENSION..................................................... 157 5.7 MAXIMUM COMMAND VALUES .............................................................. 157 5.8 PROGRAM FILE NAME ............................................................................ 159 5.9 SEQUENCE NUMBER .............................................................................. 159 c-6
  17. 17. B-64482EN/01 TABLE OF CONTENTS 5.10 ABSOLUTE PROGRAMMING / INCREMENTAL PROGRAMMING ......... 160 5.11 DECIMAL POINT PROGRAMMING / POCKET CALCULATOR TYPE DECIMAL POINT PROGRAMMING .......................................................... 160 5.12 INPUT UNIT 10 TIME MULTIPLY.............................................................. 161 5.13 DIAMETER PROGRAMMING / RADIUS PROGRAMMING ...................... 161 5.14 DIAMETER AND RADIUS SETTING SWITCHING ................................... 162 5.15 PLANE SELECTION.................................................................................. 162 5.16 ROTARY AXIS SPECIFICATION .............................................................. 162 5.17 ROTARY AXIS ROLL-OVER ..................................................................... 163 5.18 POLAR COORDINATE COMMAND.......................................................... 163 5.19 COORDINATE SYSTEM SETTING........................................................... 164 5.19.1 Machine Coordinate System.................................................................................164 5.19.2 Workpiece Coordinate System .............................................................................165 5.19.2.1 Setting a Workpiece Coordinate System ......................................................... 165 5.19.2.2 Automatic Coordinate System Setting............................................................. 166 5.19.2.3 Setting a Workpiece Coordinate System ......................................................... 166 5.19.3 Local Coordinate System .....................................................................................167 5.20 WORKPIECE COORDINATE SYSTEM PRESET ..................................... 168 5.21 EACH AXIS WORKPIECE COORDINATE SYSTEM PRESET SIGNALS. 168 5.22 ADDITION OF WORKPIECE COORDINATE SYSTEM PAIR ................... 168 5.23 DIRECT INPUT OF WORKPIECE ORIGIN OFFSET VALUE MEASURED .............................................................................................. 169 5.24 MANUAL ABSOLUTE ON AND OFF......................................................... 169 5.25 DIRECT DRAWING DIMENSION PROGRAMMING ................................. 169 5.26 G CODE SYSTEM..................................................................................... 170 5.26.1 G Code for Lathe System .....................................................................................170 5.26.2 G Code System for Machining Center .................................................................174 5.27 LATHE/MACHINING CENTER G CODE SYSTEM SWITCHING FUNCTION ................................................................................................ 177 5.28 CHAMFERING AND CORNER R .............................................................. 178 5.29 OPTIONAL CHAMFERING AND CORNER R ........................................... 181 5.30 PROGRAMMABLE DATA INPUT.............................................................. 182 5.30.1 Setting the Pitch Error Compensation Data..........................................................182 5.30.2 Setting the Workpiece Origin Offset Value .........................................................183 5.30.3 Setting the Tool Compensation Offset Value.......................................................183 5.30.4 Setting the Tool Management Data......................................................................185 5.30.4.1 Registering new tool management data ........................................................... 185 5.30.4.2 Modifying tool management data .................................................................... 186 5.30.4.3 Deleting tool management data ....................................................................... 187 5.30.4.4 Registering new cartridge management table data .......................................... 187 5.30.4.5 Modifying the cartridge management table ..................................................... 187 5.30.4.6 Deleting cartridge management table data....................................................... 188 5.30.4.7 Naming customization data ............................................................................. 188 5.30.4.8 Naming tool life states ..................................................................................... 189 5.31 PROGRAMMABLE PARAMETER INPUT ................................................. 189 5.32 SUB PROGRAM CALL.............................................................................. 190 5.33 CUSTOM MACRO..................................................................................... 192 5.34 ADDITION OF CUSTOM MACRO COMMON VARIABLES ...................... 197 5.35 CUSTOM MACRO COMMON VARIABLES BETWEEN EACH PATH ...... 197 5.36 INTERRUPTION TYPE CUSTOM MACRO............................................... 197 c-7
  18. 18. TABLE OF CONTENTS B-64482EN/01 5.37 PATTERN DATA INPUT............................................................................ 198 5.38 CANNED CYCLE....................................................................................... 199 5.38.1 Outer Diameter/Internal Diameter Cutting Cycle.................................................199 5.38.2 Threading Cycle ...................................................................................................200 5.38.3 End Face Turning Cycle.......................................................................................202 5.39 MULTIPLE REPETITIVE CYCLE .............................................................. 203 5.39.1 Stock Removal in Turning ...................................................................................203 5.39.2 Stock Removal in Facing .....................................................................................205 5.39.3 Pattern Repeating .................................................................................................207 5.39.4 Finishing Cycle ....................................................................................................208 5.39.5 End Face Peck Drilling Cycle ..............................................................................209 5.39.6 Outer Diameter / Internal Diameter Drilling Cycle..............................................210 5.39.7 Multiple Threading Cycle ....................................................................................211 5.39.8 Stock Removal in Turning ...................................................................................212 5.39.9 Stock Removal in Facing .....................................................................................213 5.39.10 Pattern Repeating .................................................................................................213 5.39.11 Finishing Cycle ....................................................................................................214 5.39.12 End Face Peck Drilling Cycle ..............................................................................214 5.39.13 Outer Diameter / Internal Diameter Drilling Cycle..............................................214 5.39.14 Multiple Threading Cycle ....................................................................................215 5.40 IN-FEED CONTROL (FOR GRINDING MACHINE)................................... 216 5.41 CANNED GRINDING CYCLE (FOR GRINDING MACHINE)..................... 216 5.42 CANNED CYCLE FOR DRILLING............................................................. 217 5.43 IN-POSITION CHECK SWITCHING FOR DRILLING CANNED CYCLE ... 218 5.44 CIRCULAR INTERPOLATION BY R PROGRAMMING ............................ 219 5.45 MIRROR IMAGE FOR DOUBLE TURRET ................................................ 220 5.46 AUTOMATIC CORNER OVERRIDE ......................................................... 221 5.47 SCALING ................................................................................................... 221 5.48 COORDINATE SYSTEM ROTATION........................................................ 222 5.49 3-DIMENSIONAL COORDINATE CONVERSION ..................................... 224 5.50 TILTED WORKING PLANE COMMAND ................................................... 225 5.51 TILTED WORKING PLANE COMMAND BY TOOL AXIS DIRECTION ..... 226 5.52 TILTED WORKING PLANE COMMAND WITH GUIDANCE ..................... 226 5.53 PROGRAMMABLE MIRROR IMAGE ........................................................ 227 5.54 SYNCHRONOUS, COMPOSITE, AND SUPERIMPOSED CONTROL BY PROGRAM COMMAND ............................................................................ 228 5.55 FIGURE COPY .......................................................................................... 229 5.56 PROGRAM FORMAT FOR FANUC Series 15 (PROGRAM FORMAT FOR FANUC Series 10/11)................................... 231 5.57 MACRO EXECUTOR ................................................................................ 231 5.58 C LANGUAGE EXECUTOR ...................................................................... 232 5.59 ADDITION OF C LANGUAGE EXECUTOR SRAM ................................... 232 5.60 CUSTOM SOFTWARE SIZE ..................................................................... 232 5.61 WORKPIECE COORDINATE SYSTEM SHIFT ......................................... 233 5.62 EMBEDDED MACRO ................................................................................ 233 5.63 SMALL-HOLE PECK DRILLING CYCLE ................................................... 234 5.64 REAL TIME CUSTOM MACRO ................................................................. 235 5.65 HIGH-SPEED CYCLE MACHINING .......................................................... 236 5.65.1 High-speed Cycle Machining ...............................................................................236 c-8
  19. 19. B-64482EN/01 TABLE OF CONTENTS 5.65.2 High-speed Cycle Machining Retract Function ...................................................236 5.65.3 High-speed Cycle Machining Skip Function .......................................................237 5.65.4 High-speed Cycle Machining Operation Information Output Function...............237 5.65.5 Spindle Control Switching Function for High-speed Cycle Machining...............237 5.65.6 Superimposed Control for High-speed Cycle Machining ....................................239 5.66 HIGH-SPEED BINARY PROGRAM OPERATION..................................... 239 5.66.1 High-speed Binary Program Operation ................................................................239 5.66.2 High-speed Binary Program Operation Retract Function ....................................239 5.67 PATH TABLE OPERATION....................................................................... 2406 GUIDANCE FUNCTION ...................................................................... 241 6.1 MANUAL GUIDE i ..................................................................................... 241 6.1.1 Basic Function......................................................................................................241 6.1.2 Milling Cycle........................................................................................................241 6.1.3 Turning Cycle.......................................................................................................241 6.1.4 Animation.............................................................................................................241 6.1.5 Set-up Guidance Function ....................................................................................241 6.2 MANUAL GUIDE i MULTI-PATH LATHE FUNCTION ............................... 2427 AUXILIARY FUNCTION / SPINDLE SPEED FUNCTION................... 243 7.1 AUXILIARY FUNCTION ............................................................................ 243 7.2 SECOND AUXILIARY FUNCTION ............................................................ 244 7.3 AUXILIARY FUNCTION LOCK.................................................................. 244 7.4 HIGH-SPEED M/S/T/B INTERFACE ......................................................... 244 7.5 WAITING FUNCTION................................................................................ 245 7.6 MULTIPLE COMMAND OF AUXILIARY FUNCTION ................................ 246 7.7 SPINDLE SPEED FUNCTION (S CODE OUTPUT) .................................. 247 7.8 SPINDLE SERIAL OUTPUT ...................................................................... 247 7.9 SPINDLE ANALOG OUTPUT.................................................................... 247 7.10 CONSTANT SURFACE SPEED CONTROL ............................................. 247 7.11 SPINDLE OVERRIDE................................................................................ 248 7.12 ACTUAL SPINDLE SPEED OUTPUT ....................................................... 248 7.13 SPINDLE ORIENTATION .......................................................................... 248 7.14 SPINDLE OUTPUT SWITCHING FUNCTION........................................... 248 7.15 SPINDLE SYNCHRONOUS CONTROL.................................................... 248 7.16 SPINDLE SIMPLE SYNCHRONOUS CONTROL...................................... 248 7.17 MULTI SPINDLE CONTROL ..................................................................... 249 7.18 SPINDLE POSITIONING........................................................................... 251 7.19 RIGID TAPPING ........................................................................................ 252 7.20 RIGID TAPPING BY MANUAL HANDLE ................................................... 252 7.21 ARBITRARY POSITION REFERENCE SETTING FOR Cs AXIS FUNCTION ................................................................................................ 253 7.22 M CODE GROUP CHECK FUNCTION ..................................................... 253 7.23 M-CODE PROTECT FUNCTION............................................................... 253 7.24 SPINDLE SPEED FLUCTUATION DETECTION....................................... 253 7.25 Cs CONTOUR CONTROL AXIS COORDINATE ESTABLISHMENT ........ 253 7.26 SPINDLE CONTROL WITH SERVO MOTOR ........................................... 254 7.27 SPINDLE REVOLUTION NUMBER HISTORY FUNCTION ...................... 255 7.28 SERVO/SPINDLE SYNCHRONOUS CONTROL ...................................... 255 c-9
  20. 20. TABLE OF CONTENTS B-64482EN/01 7.29 HIGH-SPEED SPINDLE SPEED CONTROL............................................. 256 7.30 SIMPLE SPINDLE ELECTRONIC GEAR BOX.......................................... 2568 TOOL FUNCTION / TOOL COMPENSATION FUNCTION................. 257 8.1 TOOL FUNCTION ..................................................................................... 257 8.2 EXTENDED TOOL SELECTION FUNCTION............................................ 258 8.3 TOOL OFFSET PAIRS .............................................................................. 259 8.4 TOOL COMPENSATION MEMORY.......................................................... 259 8.5 COMMON COMPENSATION MEMORY BETWEEN EACH PATH........... 261 8.6 TOOL LENGTH COMPENSATION ........................................................... 261 8.7 TOOL OFFSET.......................................................................................... 263 8.8 TOOL CENTER POINT CONTROL........................................................... 264 8.9 SMOOTH TCP........................................................................................... 265 8.10 TOLERANCE CHANGE IN SMOOTH TCP MODE ................................... 265 8.11 TOOL POSTURE CONTROL .................................................................... 266 8.12 CUTTING POINT COMMAND ................................................................... 266 8.13 Y-AXIS OFFSET........................................................................................ 267 8.14 CUTTER OR TOOL NOSE RADIUS COMPENSATION ........................... 267 8.15 3-DIMENSIONAL TOOL COMPENSATION .............................................. 271 8.16 CUTTING POINT INTERPOLATION FOR CYLINDRICAL INTERPOLATION...................................................................................... 272 8.17 TOOL GEOMETRY OFFSET AND TOOL WEAR OFFSET ...................... 273 8.18 SECOND GEOMETRY TOOL OFFSET .................................................... 274 8.19 TOOL MANAGEMENT FUNCTION........................................................... 274 8.19.1 Tool Management Extension Function ................................................................275 8.19.2 Tool Management Function Oversize Tools Support...........................................276 8.20 TOOL OFFSET VALUE COUNTER INPUT............................................... 276 8.21 TOOL LENGTH MEASUREMENT............................................................. 276 8.22 AUTOMATIC TOOL LENGTH MEASUREMENT / AUTOMATIC TOOL OFFSET .................................................................................................... 277 8.22.1 Automatic Tool Length Measurement..................................................................277 8.22.2 Automatic Tool Offset..........................................................................................278 8.23 TOOL LENGTH / WORKPIECE ZERO POINT MEASUREMENT ............. 278 8.24 DIRECT INPUT OF TOOL OFFSET VALUE MEASURED / DIRECT INPUT OF COORDINATE SYSTEM SHIFT .............................................. 278 8.25 DIRECT INPUT OF TOOL OFFSET VALUE MEASURED B..................... 279 8.26 ROTARY TABLE DYNAMIC FIXTURE OFFSET....................................... 279 8.27 WORKPIECE SETTING ERROR COMPENSATION ................................ 280 8.28 ACTIVE OFFSET VALUE CHANGE FUNCTION BASED ON MANUAL FEED ......................................................................................................... 280 8.29 TOOL AXIS DIRECTION TOOL LENGTH COMPENSATION ................... 281 8.30 3-DIMENSIONAL CUTTER COMPENSATION ......................................... 283 8.31 GRINDING WHEEL WEAR COMPENSATION ......................................... 284 8.32 TOOL LIFE MANAGEMENT...................................................................... 285 8.33 SPINDLE UNIT COMPENSATION, NUTATING ROTARY HEAD TOOL LENGTH COMPENSATION ...................................................................... 287 8.34 TOOL OFFSET FOR MILLING AND TURNING FUNCTION..................... 287 c-10
  21. 21. B-64482EN/01 TABLE OF CONTENTS9 ACCURACY COMPENSASION FUNCTION ...................................... 288 9.1 BACKLASH COMPENSATION.................................................................. 288 9.2 BACKLASH COMPENSATION FOR EACH RAPID TRAVERSE AND CUTTING FEED ........................................................................................ 288 9.3 SMOOTH BACKLASH COMPENSATION ................................................. 289 9.4 STORED PITCH ERROR COMPENSATION ............................................ 290 9.5 INTERPOLATION TYPE PITCH ERROR COMPENSATION .................... 290 9.6 BI-DIRECTIONAL PITCH ERROR COMPENSATION .............................. 291 9.7 EXTENDED BI-DIRECTIONAL PITCH ERROR COMPENSATION .......... 291 9.8 PERIODICAL SECONDARY PITCH ERROR COMPENSATION.............. 292 9.9 INCLINATION COMPENSATION .............................................................. 292 9.10 LINEAR INCLINATION COMPENSATION ................................................ 293 9.11 STRAIGHTNESS COMPENSATION......................................................... 293 9.12 INTERPOLATION TYPE STRAIGHTNESS COMPENSATION................. 294 9.13 3-DIMENSIONAL ERROR COMPENSATION ........................................... 294 9.14 THERMAL GROWTH COMPENSATION ALONG TOOL VECTOR .......... 295 9.15 3-DIMENSIONAL MACHINE POSITION COMPENSATION ..................... 29610 ELECTRONIC GEAR BOX ................................................................. 297 10.1 ELECTRONIC GEAR BOX ........................................................................ 297 10.2 SPINDLE ELECTRONIC GEAR BOX........................................................ 298 10.3 ELECTRONIC GEAR BOX AUTOMATIC PHASE SYNCHRONIZATION . 299 10.4 SKIP FUNCTION FOR EGB AXIS............................................................. 300 10.5 ELECTRONIC GEAR BOX 2 PAIR............................................................ 301 10.6 U-AXIS CONTROL .................................................................................... 302 10.7 U-AXIS CONTROL 2 PAIRS...................................................................... 302 10.8 SIGNAL-BASED SERVO EGB SYNCHRONOUS CONTROL................... 30311 GAS CUTTING MACHINE .................................................................. 305 11.1 TORCH SWING FOR GAS CUTTING MACHINE ..................................... 305 11.2 TOOL OFFSET B ...................................................................................... 309 11.3 CORNER CONTROL BY FEED RATE ...................................................... 311 11.4 IN-ACCELERATION/DECELERATION SIGNAL ....................................... 312 11.5 AUTOMATIC EXACT STOP CHECK ........................................................ 312 11.6 AXIS SWITCHING ..................................................................................... 313 11.7 GENTLE NORMAL DIRECTION CONTROL ............................................. 31412 EDITING OPERATION ........................................................................ 315 12.1 PART PROGRAM STORAGE SIZE / NUMBER OF REGISTERABLE PROGRAMS.............................................................................................. 315 12.2 PROGRAM EDITING................................................................................. 316 12.3 PROGRAM PROTECT .............................................................................. 317 12.4 KEY AND PROGRAM ENCRYPTION ....................................................... 317 12.5 EXTENDED PART PROGRAM EDITING.................................................. 318 12.6 PLAYBACK................................................................................................ 318 12.7 MACHINING TIME STAMP ....................................................................... 318 12.8 BACKGROUND EDITING ......................................................................... 318 c-11
  22. 22. TABLE OF CONTENTS B-64482EN/01 12.9 MEMORY CARD PROGRAM OPERATION/EDITING .............................. 31813 SETTING AND DISPLAY .................................................................... 319 13.1 STATUS DISPLAY .................................................................................... 320 13.2 CLOCK FUNCTION................................................................................... 320 13.3 CURRENT POSITION DISPLAY ............................................................... 321 13.4 PROGRAM DISPLAY ................................................................................ 322 13.5 PARAMETER SETTING AND DISPLAY ................................................... 324 13.6 ALARM DISPLAY ...................................................................................... 324 13.7 ALARM HISTORY DISPLAY ..................................................................... 325 13.8 OPERATOR MESSAGE HISTORY DISPLAY ........................................... 325 13.9 OPERATION HISTORY DISPLAY............................................................. 325 13.10 RUN HOUR AND PARTS COUNT DISPLAY ............................................ 326 13.11 ACTUAL CUTTING FEEDRATE DISPLAY................................................ 327 13.12 DISPLAY OF SPINDLE SPEED AND T CODE AT ALL SCREENS .......... 328 13.13 DIRECTORY DISPLAY OF FLOPPY CASSETTE..................................... 328 13.14 OPTIONAL PATH NAME DISPLAY........................................................... 328 13.15 OPERATING MONITOR SCREEN............................................................ 329 13.16 SERVO SETTING SCREEN...................................................................... 330 13.16.1 Servo Setting Screen ............................................................................................330 13.16.2 Servo Motor Tuning Screen .................................................................................330 13.17 SPINDLE SETTING SCREEN ................................................................... 331 13.17.1 Spindle Setting Screen..........................................................................................331 13.17.2 Spindle Tuning Screen .........................................................................................331 13.17.3 Spindle Monitor Screen........................................................................................332 13.18 SERVO WAVEFORM DISPLAY ................................................................ 332 13.19 MAINTENANCE INFORMATION SCREEN............................................... 333 13.20 SOFTWARE OPERATORS PANEL.......................................................... 333 13.21 SOFTWARE OPERATORS PANEL GENERAL PURPOSE SWITCH ...... 334 13.22 MULTI-LANGUAGE DISPLAY................................................................... 335 13.22.1 Changing the Display Language by PMC Signals ...............................................335 13.23 DATA PROTECTION KEY......................................................................... 335 13.24 PROTECTION OF DATA AT EIGHT LEVELS........................................... 336 13.25 ERASE CRT SCREEN DISPLAY .............................................................. 336 13.26 PARAMETER SET SUPPORTING SCREEN ............................................ 337 13.27 MACHINING CONDITION SELECTING FUNCTION ................................ 338 13.28 MACHINING QUALITY LEVEL ADJUSTMENT......................................... 339 13.29 SYSTEM CONFIGURATION SCREEN ..................................................... 340 13.29.1 Hardware Configuration Screen ...........................................................................340 13.29.2 Software Configuration Screen ............................................................................341 13.30 HELP SCREEN ......................................................................................... 342 13.30.1 Initial Menu Screen ..............................................................................................342 13.30.2 Alarm Detail Screen .............................................................................................342 13.30.3 Operation Method Screen.....................................................................................343 13.30.4 Parameter Table Screen ........................................................................................344 13.31 SELF-DIAGNOSIS SCREEN..................................................................... 344 13.32 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE SCREEN ...................................................... 345 13.33 SERVO AND SPINDLE INFORMATION SCREENS ................................. 345 13.33.1 Servo Information Screen.....................................................................................346 c-12
  23. 23. B-64482EN/01 TABLE OF CONTENTS 13.33.2 Spindle Information Screen..................................................................................347 13.34 GRAPHIC DISPLAY .................................................................................. 347 13.35 DYNAMIC GRAPHIC DISPLAY................................................................. 348 13.36 TOUCH PANEL CONTROL....................................................................... 348 13.37 EXTERNAL TOUCH PANEL INTERFACE ................................................ 348 13.38 SIMULTANEOUS USE OF TOUCH PANEL CONTROL ON STAND-ALONE TYPE CNC ...................................................................... 348 13.39 AUTOMATIC DATA BACKUP ................................................................... 349 13.40 SPEED DISPLAY FUNCTION OF A MILLING TOOL WITH SERVO MOTOR ..................................................................................................... 349 13.41 MACHINE OPERATION MENU................................................................. 350 13.42 SYSTEM ALARM HISTORY...................................................................... 350 13.43 ROBOT CONNECTION FUNCTION ......................................................... 35114 DATA INPUT/OUTPUT ....................................................................... 352 14.1 READER/PUNCHER INTERFACE ............................................................ 352 14.2 READER/PUNCHER INTERFACE EXPANSION OF RECEIVING BUFFER .................................................................................................... 352 14.3 FAST DATA SERVER ............................................................................... 353 14.4 BUFFER MODE OF DATA SERVER ........................................................ 353 14.5 DATA SERVER EXPLORER CONNECTION ............................................ 353 14.6 EXTERNAL DATA INPUT.......................................................................... 354 14.6.1 External Tool Offset.............................................................................................354 14.6.2 External Program Number Search........................................................................354 14.6.3 External Workpiece Coordinate System Shift......................................................354 14.6.4 External Machine Zero Point Shift.......................................................................354 14.6.5 Extended External Machine Zero Point Shift.......................................................355 14.6.6 External Alarm Message ......................................................................................355 14.6.7 External Operator Message ..................................................................................355 14.6.8 Assignment of Machined Parts Count and Required Parts Count........................355 14.7 EXTERNAL KEY INPUT (KEY INPUT FROM THE PMC) ......................... 356 14.8 EXTERNAL WORKPIECE NUMBER SEARCH......................................... 356 14.9 MEMORY CARD INPUT/OUTPUT ............................................................ 356 14.10 USB MEMORY INPUT/OUTPUT............................................................... 356 14.11 SCREEN HARD COPY ............................................................................. 357 14.12 POWER MATE CNC MANAGER .............................................................. 357 14.13 ONE TOUCH MACRO CALL ..................................................................... 357 14.14 EXTERNAL I/O DEVICE CONTROL ......................................................... 35815 INTERFACE FUNCTION..................................................................... 359 15.1 EMBEDDED ETHERNET .......................................................................... 359 15.1.1 Functional Differences between the Embedded Ethernet and the Option Board .359 15.2 FAST ETHERNET / FAST DATA SERVER ............................................... 360 15.3 FIELD NETWORKS................................................................................... 36116 PMC..................................................................................................... 363 16.1 PMC BASIC SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................ 363 16.2 MULTI-PATH PMC FUNCTION (3-PATHS/5-PATHS) .............................. 366 16.3 TOTAL NUMBER OF LADDER STEPS IN MULTI-PATH PMC................. 366 c-13
  24. 24. TABLE OF CONTENTS B-64482EN/01 16.4 PMC MEMORY TYPE SELECTION .......................................................... 367 16.5 PMC MESSAGE MULTI-LANGUAGE DISPLAY FUNCTION.................... 368 16.6 CAPACITY OF MEMORY FOR STORING SEQUENCE PROGRAMS AND MESSAGE MULTI-LANGUAGE DISPLAY FUNCTION DATA.......... 369 16.7 I/O Link i and I/O Link ................................................................................ 370 16.8 NONVOLATILE PMC EXTRA RELAY FUNCTION.................................... 370 16.9 FUNCTION BLOCK FUNCTION................................................................ 37117 OTHERS.............................................................................................. 372 17.1 STATUS OUTPUT SIGNAL....................................................................... 372 17.1.1 CNC Ready Signal ...............................................................................................372 17.1.2 Servo Ready Signal ..............................................................................................372 17.1.3 Automatic Operation Signal .................................................................................372 17.1.4 Cycle Operation Start Lamp Signal......................................................................372 17.1.5 Feed Hold Signal ..................................................................................................372 17.1.6 Reset Signal..........................................................................................................373 17.1.7 NC Alarm Signal ..................................................................................................373 17.1.8 Distribution End Signal ........................................................................................373 17.1.9 Rewinding Signal .................................................................................................373 17.1.10 Inch Input Signal ..................................................................................................373 17.1.11 Cutting Feed Signal ..............................................................................................373 17.1.12 In-position Signal .................................................................................................373 17.1.13 Threading Signal ..................................................................................................373 17.1.14 Tapping Signal .....................................................................................................373 17.1.15 Axis Moving Signal..............................................................................................373 17.1.16 Axis Moving Direction Signal .............................................................................373 17.1.17 Overtravel Alarm Signal.......................................................................................374 17.1.18 Rapid Traverse Signal ..........................................................................................374 17.1.19 Constant Surface Speed Signal.............................................................................374 17.1.20 DI Status Output Signal........................................................................................374APPENDIXA RANGE OF COMMAND VALUE......................................................... 377B LIST OF FUNCTIONS AND PROGRAM FORMAT ............................ 380C PROGRAM CODE LIST ...................................................................... 392D OUTLINE DRAWINGS OF UNITS AND CONNECTORS ................... 395 c-14
  25. 25. I. GENERAL
  26. 26. B-64482EN/01 GENERAL 1.GENERAL1 GENERAL The FANUC Series 30i/31i/32i-B is the latest AI nano CNC that realizes high-speed, high-grade machining. This CNC flexibly supports various machine tools such as automatic machines, lathes, combined machines, 5-axis machines and high-speed high-accuracy machines which are increasing control paths, feed axes, and spindles and getting more and more complex. The features are as follows: • This series realizes high CNC performance by employing cutting-edge hardware such as an ultra high-speed processor, higher-speed CNC internal bus, and optical cable enabling high-speed data transfer. • High-speed, high-accuracy machining is realized by using detectors, servos, and the CNC that controls the machine with nanometer resolution without regard to the command unit. Similar control is exercised not only on milling for metal dies but also on turning. • The CNC is applicable to a 5-axis machine tool that can be configured in various ways. The CNC has many functions for programming complicated figures easily and for facilitating setup work. • With a 15" large liquid-crystal display panel for displaying much more information and vertical soft keys provided on the side of the screen, the operability of the CNC is much improved. A large CNC program memory is provided to enable file management and editing as is possible on the personal computer. • A management system connected with a personal computer via Ethernet can be built easily. Various field networks are supported. • High-reliability hardware allows stable operation in a harsh factory environment. Various types of functions for improving maintainability are also available. • The CNC control unit is incorporated with the LCD panel and the power magnetics cabinet does not require its space. The use of the ultra-high-speed serial communication function reduces wiring. Complete servo adjustment functions facilitate the adjustment of the machine. • Large-capacity CNC program memory can be Many functions such as the real-time custom macro, C Language Executor, and macro executor are available for customizing machine tools and realize machine tool builders unique functions. • The personal computer functions compatible with Windows® XP of the FANUC Series 30i/31i/32i- MODEL B allow personal computer functions to be added without degrading any CNC control function. Personal computer functions compatible with Windows® CE, which is an OS requiring no hard disk, are also available. * Windows is registered trademarks of the Microsoft Corporation of the United States of America. This manual describes the models indicated in the table below. In the text, the abbreviations indicated below may be used. Model name Abbreviation FANUC Series 30i-B 30i –B Series 30i FANUC Series 31i-B 31i –B Series 31i FANUC Series 31i-B5 31i –B5 FANUC Series 32i-B 32i –B Series 32i -3-

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