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Glasser presentation 2 william glasser reality therapy and choice theory

Glasser presentation 2 william glasser reality therapy and choice theory



powerpoint on the history, principles and implementation of reality therapy and choice theory

powerpoint on the history, principles and implementation of reality therapy and choice theory



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    Glasser presentation 2 william glasser reality therapy and choice theory Glasser presentation 2 william glasser reality therapy and choice theory Presentation Transcript

    • REALITY THERAPY & CHOICE THEORY REALITY THERAPY WAS DEVELOPED IN THE 1960'S BY WILLIAM GLASSER. And the style of treatment falls into the cognitive behavioural approach to psychotherapy.
    • As with other forms of psychology Reality theory assumes that as human beings we all have certain basic needs, although what these needs are may change depending on the theory. Glasser theorized that people had five basic needs and classified them as
    • Survival This is the need to eat, warm clothes, shelter, sex Love and Belonging This includes our relationships, friendships, family, school, work, and social groups that we may belong to Power As human beings we like to achieve things have status feel worthwhile, we like to win, and have respect from others Freedom This is our need for independence Fun This is what gives us pleasure and enjoyment
    • The core principle of Reality Therapy is that even if we don’t realise it we are all trying to meet these needs all of the time. For instance when we socialise we are trying to meet our need for Love and Belonging. And going out meeting new people is an effective way of meeting this need
    • Problems arise when we either don’t meet the need at all or what we are doing to meet the need is ineffective I need to meet my Love and Belonging so I go out, but I don’t socialise or speak to new people. I sit in a corner on my own and wonder why I feel so alone. If I don’t make the effort to effectively meet new people then the chance is I will remain lonely This is ineffective and while it might work on some level generally it wont meet the need and could cause a lot of pain and turmoil And it is when a person feels this that they might seek the help of a therapist.
    • So what Reality Therapy will do if a client is feeling distressed or unsatisfied with life is to check that they are meeting their four psychological needs For Love,power,freedom and fun. The need for Survival is normally been met.
    • What reality therapy does not do is to listen to a client lay blame for their issues with others, reality therapy uses what Glasser called control theory but later became know as Choice theory to help clients discover that they make choices in their lives and that these choices that they make determine how they feel The choice to go out was good the choice to sit alone was not and led to the client feeling lonely
    • We as humans all have the same basic needs But the level at which they are needed by an individual may vary. For example Love is a basic need for all of us yet some people need more than others some need to love and be loved by one person others may need to be accepted liked loved by everyone they come into contact with.
    • As stated earlier central to reality therapy is what we want! What we want is important because its our wants that drive us to act or behave in certain ways If we feel lonely our need for love in not been met we want that need to be met so we call a friend go out or join a club. We all think about what we want all the time We rarely think about our needs
    • Dr Glasser believes that the need for love and belonging is the most important need of all as we are basically social beings and we need positive relationships in order to feel completely fulfilled However the need for power can often override the need for love as people enjoy feeling important and will often place this first and foremost in their lives often at the expense of their relationships For example A person wishing to do well at work may well upset colleagues in order to be seen as doing well and receive praise from the boss.
    • During the process of Reality Therapy the therapist will encourage the client to explore their wants and needs and their thoughts relating to them. The therapist will ask the client three basic questions What do you want? What are you doing to get what you want? Is it working? A therapist may also suggest plans but the choice would always be the clients and a plan is always open to revision or rejection by the client
    • During the process it is hoped that with the help and support of the therapist the client will come to realise the only person that they are able to control is themselves and that trying to control others will lead to frustration. The basic goal of the therapy is to help the client learn better ways to maintain their needs as well as making positive healthy connections with people. As in all therapy the role of the therapist is not to judge the client but to support and encourage the client.
    • Reality therapy helps people to see that it is their behaviour or thoughts that's causing them to feel distress and when they are able to act or think in a new way and maintain their needs effectively they are then able to function in a positive way The therapist will help the client make a “workable plan” To get what it is that want
    • RT differs from other therapy’s in that although it will look at a clients past and their relationships etc, but it does not focus there Glasser says although we are shaped by our past we can not change it or erase it and the only change we can bring about in our lives is in our own behaviour in the present So the focus is kept on the client how they act and how they think known as their total behaviour, this is because it is the only thing that the client is able to change. Changing what we do is the key to changing how we feel and what we want
    • Choice theory Reality Therapy is based on the therapist's knowledge of Choice Theory. The therapist knows that underlying problems are all the same and that the primary problem of all clients is that they are unhappy
    • A client's unhappiness is associated with things such as their inability to develop satisfying “present” relationships because they haven't met their need for love Or They blame their difficulties on others such as their partners,parents,colleagues etc. They want their counselling to focus on their suffering or their complaint. They want to blame their present feelings on their past experience or what on what may happen and they will do anything to avoid the present
    • In Choice Theory all the things a person wants are described as making that person’s Quality World. For any two people some of the things in their Quality World will overlap (i.e. they want some of the same things) but many and perhaps most, will be different. We must be willing to allow these differences if we are to have harmony in our relationships
    • The structure of choice theory ● ● ● ● ● The only person whose behaviour we can control is our own. All we can give another person is information. All long-lasting psychological problems are relationship problems. The problem relationship is always part of our present life. What happened in the past has made us what we are today but we can only satisfy our present needs and plan on continuing to do so in the future