Field hockey


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Field hockey

  1. 1. FIELD HOCKEY By: Eve Monday, 27 January, 14 1
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS • Slide one: title page • Slide ten: Warnings and consequences. • Slide two: table of contents • Slide eleven-twelve: Goalkeeping Slide three: What is field hockey video • Slide thirteen-fourteen: Positions • Slide four-six: History • Slide fifteen: interesting facts • Slide seven: Why is this my passion? • Slide sixteen: conclusion video • Slide eight-nine: Rules, and general play • Slide seventeen: Thanks! • Monday, 27 January, 14 2
  3. 3. WHAT IS FIELD HOCKEY? Field hockey is an amazing sport known in most countries as ‘hockey.’ During a game, two teams of eleven players try to score on each others net. Players may only use the flat side of their stick to control the ball. Field hockey is much alike to ice hockey, apart from that it is played on grass and a few other rules. For example, when playing ice hockey, players may use both sides of their stick, however in field hockey players may only use the flat side. Also, when playing field hockey players may receive a green, yellow or red card, however in ice hockey they use a penalty box. Monday, 27 January, 14 3
  4. 4. HISTORY Field Hockey first originated in ancient Greece around the time of 200 B.C. However, it was in England where the first ever field hockey club was formed in 1849 in Southeast London. From this time on, field hockey began to become more, and more popular, and many verifications were made to improve the game. For example, eventually artificial turf began to be used, changing many different aspects of the game, including adding a much faster speed. Mens Field hockey was added to the summer Olympic games in 1908, however, women’s field hockey was added to the olympic games in 1980. By the early 1970’s, their were 36 mens associations, and 22 women’s, however currently outside of North America participation within the sport is evenly balanced. Monday, 27 January, 14 4
  5. 5. 1908 SUMMER OLYMPICS First men’s field hockey tournament. Monday, 27 January, 14 5
  6. 6. 1980 SUMMER OLYMPICS first women olympic field hockey tournament champions from Zimbabwae. Monday, 27 January, 14 6
  7. 7. WHY IS FIELD HOCKEY MY PASSION? Though I have only been playing field hockey for the past six years, I have quickly fallen in love with the sport. When I first started to play, I thought that it may just be another sport I played for a couple years then dropped either because I had too much going on, or because I didn’t enjoy it at all, however I was wrong. In fact, after playing a couple of seasons with my team the ‘Pink Panthers’ did I decide that I wanted to continue to develop and play the sport! I think that what made it so interesting to me was that I was breaking out of my comfort zone and learning about something I had barely ever heard of before. I enjoyed learning about all of the rules and figuring out new tactics and techniques. Throughout the years of new challenges, and improvements I began to enjoy the sport more and more, until it is currently one of my favourite sports! Monday, 27 January, 14 7
  8. 8. RULES AND GENERAL PLAY There are many rules in which help to keep competition fair, and players in order. First of all, one of the biggest and far most important rules within the game is that players can only touch the ball using the flat side of their stick. Contact with the ball in any other way (rounded side of stick, feet etc.) will be called resulting in a free hit for the other team. Another key rule is no obstructing other players. This means that players aren’t allowed to shove, or use their body or stick to prevent the other team of hitting the ball. Once again, if this does happen, there will be a free hit for the other team. If the problem continues, the player causing the problems may recieve a card. Other rules include: -11 players per team may be on the field at a time. - No high back swing. (When taking shots) - No ‘double teaming’ to win the ball. - Players may only shoot from within the defense circle. Monday, 27 January, 14 8
  9. 9. REFEREE CALLING OBSTRUCTION Monday, 27 January, 14 9
  10. 10. WARNINGS AND CONSEQUENCES If players behave inappropriate, rough, or unsportsmanlike during a game, there are a variety of consequences that may given by the referee. The three warnings and suspensions are the green, yellow, and red cards. -The green card, similar to the yellow card in soccer is the first warning given. When a referee gives a player this card, they do not get kicked out of the game, however in professional games, players given this card will have to leave the pitch for two minutes. -The yellow card, is given in incidents more serious then those of the green card. When given this card, depending on the seriousness of the penalty umpires will remove the player from the game for a certain amount of time. It is generally a five minute penalty without substitution, much the same as a major penalty in ice hockey. -The red card, is awarded during the most serious penaltys, and therefore has the biggest consequence. When given this card, players are removed from the rest of the game, without any substitutions. Although this isn’t required when recieving this card, most coaches remove this player from the lineup for a couple of games following their offence. Monday, 27 January, 14 10
  11. 11. GOALKEEPING A goalie plays one of the most important positions on the team. Their job is to prevent the other team from scoring in their net. In most sports, people would argue that goalkeeping is fairly dangerous, however not in field hockey. Goaltenders wear heavy equipment that covers almost their whole body. Some equipment includes: - Helmets - Kickers -Leg protectors -Chest guards -Padded shorts -Hand protectors -Goalie stick When the opposing team has posesstion in the defensive circle, goaltenders may use their kickers, leg protectors, stick or any part of their body to deflect, or stop the ball. If the other team is outside the defensive circle, goaltenders may only use their stick to stop, deflect, or play the ball. Monday, 27 January, 14 11
  12. 12. Helmet Chest guard Padded shorts Hand protect or Goalie stick Leg protectors Kickers FULLY EQUIPPED GOALTENDER Monday, 27 January, 14 12
  13. 13. POSITIONS AND FORMATIONS As every field hockey team plays with eleven players on the field at a time, each player requires a different position. The three positions in which most teams play with are the defenders, midfielders, and the forwards. -Defenders: The defenders job is to defend the other team and try their best to stop their opponent from scoring. Some people refer to defenders as ‘goalie insurance’. -Midfielders: Midfielders are generally the players that do the most running. Midfielders are required to help with both offence, and defence, depending on where the ball is. For example, if the forwards had the ball in their opponents end, midfielders would come up to help. -Forwards: Forwards are in charge of pressuring the other team in their end, and to try their best to score goals. Forwards are not required to come back and help their defense. Formations generally are different for each team. For example, if the team is weak at defending, they may put four defenders in their back line. One of the most common formations teams use is the four-four-two approach. This means four defenders, four midfielders, and two forwards. Monday, 27 January, 14 13
  14. 14. midfielders forwards defenders ELEVEN ASIDE FORMATION four-four-two Monday, 27 January, 14 14
  15. 15. INTERESTING FACTS • There are no left handed sticks. One of the oldest competitive sports. • • The first mens Olympic tournament was in 1908. • • • Played by more than three million people worldwide. • Players may only use the flat side of their sticks. The first women’s Olympic tournament was in 1980. Field hockey sends more athletes to college with scholarships than any other sport. Monday, 27 January, 14 15
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  17. 17. THANKS FOR LISTENING! Monday, 27 January, 14 17