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Broadwater Powerpoint Broadwater Powerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • Broadwater
  • Natural Gas - Uses
    • Supplies 24% of U.S. energy
    • consumption
    • Used to heat 55% of American homes
    • Burned to generate electricity at power plants
    • Used for transportation
  • How A Power Plant Works
  • Natural Gas
    • Fossil fuel
    • Found in deep underground reservoirs formed by porous rock
    • Formed millions of years ago from buried phytoplankton and zooplankton
    • Mostly methane – CH 4
    • 85% produced domestically
  • LNG – l iquefied n atural g as
    • Natural gas cooled to liquid state at -260 o F
    • Reduces volume
    • Can be economically shipped worldwide
    • Warmed to gas state and distributed to homes and businesses through pipes
    • Used in U.S. since 1912
  •  
  • Broadwater
    • Company owned by TransCanada Corp. and Shell Oil
    • Plans to build f loating s torage r egasification u nit (FSRU) in LIS
    • Would receive LNG shipments 2 – 3 times per week through the Race
    • LNG stored and warmed to gas state for distribution
    • Natural gas sent through
    • Iroquois Pipeline
    lng tanker
  • Floating Storage Regasification Unit FSRU
    • Ship-like vessel
    • Moored in LIS
    • 1,200 feet long
    • 180 feet wide
    • 75 to 80 feet
    • above water
  • Typical LNG import terminal. Broadwater would have all components on FSRU.
      • In New York waters
      • 9 miles north of Shoreham, NY
      • 10 miles south of CT shoreline
  • Floating Storage Regasification Unit FSRU
    • Moored to bottom of LIS
    • Can rotate depending on currents and winds
  • Benefits - ECONOMIC
    • Additional natural gas supply
    • $300 per year energy savings for median household
    • $1.2 billion annual economic benefit on commercial sector
      • Direct energy cost savings
      • Economic stimulus
    • 122 construction jobs, 95 permanent jobs in NYS
    • Tax benefits
    from www.broadwaterenergy.com
  • Benefits - ENVIRONMENTAL
    • Fewer environmental impacts than other alternatives considered
    • Would not impact sensitive onshore or near shore resources
    • Natural gas is a “cleaner” fuel than oil and coal – fewer atmospheric pollutants
    from www.broadwaterenergy.com
  • Problems
    • LIS declared by U.S. Congress an
    • “ Estuary of National Significance” –
    • part of National Estuary Program – to improve LIS
    • LIS is biologically, economically and recreationally important
      • Commercial and recreational fishing - $1.2 billion/year
      • Other recreational uses - $5 billion/year
    • NY and CT coastlines densely
    • populated
    • FSRU and mooring are
    • the first of
    • its kind worldwide
  • Problems – PUBLIC ACCESS
    • “ No public access zone” around FSRU – 1.5 sq. miles
    • “ No public access zone” around tankers – 2 miles in front, 1 mile in back, 750 yds. on sides
    • These parts of LIS no longer available for public use – fishing, sailing,
    • boating, canoeing, etc.
    • Armed escort and patrol
    • boats
  • Problems - ENVIRONMENTAL
    • Excavation for pipeline and mooring will destroy benthic communities
    • Creates sediment plumes,
    • stir up toxic contaminants
      • Shade phytoplankton
      • Clog suspension feeders
      • Disrupt local food webs
    • Tankers may bring more
    • invasive species – in ballast
    • water, or boat hulls and
    • gear
    from The Nature Conservancy
  • Problems - ENVIRONMENTAL
    • Tankers may collide with rare and endangered sea turtles and marine mammals
    • Potential leakage of fuel – toxic contaminants
    • FSRU and tankers will take in 28.2 million gallons of LIS water per day for vaporization process and cooling – entrainment of fish larvae and other meroplankton, phytoplankton and zooplankton
    harbor seals green turtle Winter flounder larvae from The Nature Conservancy
  • Problems - ENVIRONMENTAL
    • Construction noise may be lethal or damaging to fish and marine mammals
    • Lighting may impact birds and other organisms
    • Other necessary infrastructure may destroy habitat or degrade air and water quality – including on land
    from The Nature Conservancy
  • Problems - AESTHETIC
    • Will be permanently visible from land
    • Broadwater says this is minor
    FSRU view from Wading River before view from Wading River after
  • Problems - AESTHETIC view from Mt. Sinai before view from Mt. Sinai after FSRU
  • Problems - SAFETY
    • 99% probability of tropical storm or hurricane in next 50 years
    • 26% probability of major (category 3 or >) hurricane in next 50 years
    • Insurance companies have
    • cancelled many LI home
    • owners insurance policies
    • What damage would major
    • storm do?
  • Problems – SAFETY Fires and Explosions
    • LNG is flammable in gas form if mixed with O 2
    • pool fires - vaporized gas ignites
      • Cannot be controlled
      • Burns until all fuel used up
      • Tanker fire
      • – Melt steel from 1,300 ft., 2 nd degree burn from 1 mi. away
      • Minimum safe distance from tanker = 7 miles
      • Tankers through Race within 1 mile of N. Fork
    • Would kill organisms and deprive water of D.O.
    • flammable vapor clouds – vapor travels and then ignites
  • Problems – SAFETY Spills and Terrorism
    • From tankers or during offloading
    • Can ignite
    • Can kill organisms even if does not ignite
    • Potentially major terrorist target – major damage
  • Environmental Impact Statement
    • Document prepared by Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to assess environmental damage caused by project
    • Required by Federal law
    • Basis for providing permits for project to be built
    • Envir. organizations say it is incomplete – does not address all issues
  • Public Hearings
    • To get public opinion on project
    • Some people support project – bring jobs and economic benefits
    • Some people against project – environmental concerns
    • All of LI Congressional delegation (except one Congressman) against project
  • Current Status
    • Approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission – early spring 2008
    • Rejected by NY Governor Paterson – early April 2008
    • Broadwater appealed to U.S. Department of Commerce to have LNG facility built in “U.S. national interest” – late April 2008
    • Appeal denied – early April 2009
  • What do you think?