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Ezekiel and daniel

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  • 1. Ezekiel and Daniel The Major Prophets 10.22.2013
  • 2. Ezekiel • 30 years old • priest th year of Jehoiachin’s exile (c. •5 593 BC) until c. 573 BC • 10,000 people in Babylon
  • 3. Uniqueness of Ezekiel • Interest in temple and liturgy • First prophet to be called outside of Holy Land (called in Babylon) • Stresses absolute majesty of God • New covenant under new heart and new spirit are the work of God
  • 4. People in Exile • Cut off from: – Jerusalem – The temple – The land – Surrounded by pagan religious practices – Experiencing God’s judgment
  • 5. Walter Brueggemann • Exile was not simply displacement from the land – it was an experience of the end of creation, the exhaustion of salvation history, the demise of the king, temple, city, land and all the supports that gave meaning and structure to life.
  • 6. Ezekiel’s Call • By the river Chebar – Storm wind, followed by four living faces with wings: lion (royalty) ox (strength) eagle (flight) man (reason) on the throne of the Lord which moves like a chariot – Eat this scroll • Sweet as honey • Struck mute • Temple vision
  • 7. Ezekiel’s Call • • • • • Expect a difficult audience Don’t fear hostility Counter-cultural Speak God’s words Hear God’s words; warn the people
  • 8. Ezekiel’s Message • Judgment on Jerusalem – Vision of God’s glory – Ezekiel’s calling – The coming fate of Jerusalem – God’s glory departs because of Jerusalem’s sin – Reasons for the exile
  • 9. Ezekiel’s Message • Oracles against nations – Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philista – Tyre and Sidon – Israel’s restoration – Egypt
  • 10. Ezekiel’s Message • Restoration – Renewal of Ezekiel’s call – Jerusalem’s fall; oracles of salvation of Israel – God’s future victories over nations – God’s glory returns: temple, city, land
  • 11. God’s Glory Departs Message Chapters 9-11 • God is offended by the idolatry of his people • God avenges his glory • God’s glory moves from the temple toward the exiles • The people are complacent in Jerusalem • God’s glory heads east
  • 12. Parables in Ezekiel • • • • • Useless vine (15) Eagles and vine (17) Immoral sisters (23) Shepherds and sheep (34) Dry Bones (37) http://www.godtube.com/watch/?v=F02FECN U
  • 13. Themes • • • • • • The hand of the Lord came upon me… Know that I the Lord… I, the Lord, have spoken… The glory of the Lord Rebellious house abominations
  • 14. Visions • • • • • Four living creatures Idolatry in the temple Dry bones New Jerusalem Stream of water flowing from altar
  • 15. Daniel
  • 16. Background • Apocalyptic writing • Written during the persecution of Antiochus IV (167-165 BC) • Take place in Babylon
  • 17. Structure • Daniel and his companions are wise, observant and faithful Jews even during Diaspora • Visions show God’s triumph
  • 18. Daniel’s Stories • The Food Test • The King’s Dream • The Fiery Furnace • Lion’s Den
  • 19. Daniel’s Visions • The Great Tree • The Writing on the Wall • The Four Beasts – Babylon: winged lion – Median empire: bear – Persia: leopard – Greece: 10 horns
  • 20. More Visions • Ram and he-goat • Seventy weeks – Gabriel is introduced in the Bible • Hellenistic Wars • Introduction of Michael
  • 21. Appendix (only in Greek version) • Susanna and her Virtue • Bel and the Dragon