The Eucharist (or Mass) isone of the threesacraments of initiation(Baptism, Eucharist andConfirmation togetherconstitute full initiation.) It is the MOST important prayer and action of the Church and for the individual Catholic.
The real presence refers to the miracle of Christ’s presence under the species of bread and wine. The bread and the wine becomes the body and blood of Christ in a substantial way.The word “transubstantiation” refers to the substantial presence ofChrist in the bread and wine even though the “accidents” orappearance does not change. St. Thomas Aquinas coined the term.
THE EUCHARIST IS OFTENREFERRED TO AS HOLY COMMUNION?We become members of the one body of Christ when we eat of the one bread and wine.In the sharing of Eucharist, we become one in Christ.
THE WORD “EUCHARIST”Means “to give thanks”As we gather for thecelebration, each to his/her properrole, enters fully into theMass, because it is both the right andduty of the baptized person to do so.
GIVING THANKS….In our lives, how do we show thanks?What words do we use?Facial expressions, body language?Actions?Thoughts, feelings?
Full, activeparticipation in Mass is: a right because theEucharist, provides thenourishment and gracewe need to live out our baptismal call. It is a duty because without the Eucharist, we cannot fully live the life to which God calls us.
The Constitution on Sacred Liturgy (Sacrosanctum Concilium) is the Vatican II document that legislates liturgy.The Roman Missal outlines the rubrics, ritual prayers, gestures and postures of the Church when gathered for ritual prayer. LITURGY IN THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH
The word “liturgy”originally meant:1. a public work2. a service in thename of/ on behalf ofthe people.The Christianmeaning of the word“liturgy” is“participation in thework of God”. (CCC1069)
LITURGY IS• Public •Communal •Ritual Prayer of theChurch.
LITURGY IS WORSHIPWorship was the first area to be considered at the Second Vatican Council.Worship is the way in which we praise and give glory to God.Worship is foundational to all the work of the Church; it is the MOST important action of the Church. Everything else flows from and toward worship.
FOUR IDEALS FROM VATICAN II1. The Christian life is to be lived with vigor2. The Church needs to change to meet the needs of the world – The Church brings Christ to all people, all times, all cultures3. The Church is not united, but unity is desired4. The Church has much to offer the world
EUCHARIST…is source and summit of Christian living – source, because we receive the grace we need to live the life to which God calls us, and summit because at Mass we have the most intimate connection with Christ that is possible in this life.It is a sign and instrument of unity. • Eucharist both demonstrates unity and makes unity possible.
CHRIST IS TRULY PRESENT AT MASS IN FOUR WAYS:The gathered assemblyThe Word proclaimedThe person of the PriestThe consecrated bread and wine
STRUCTURE OF MASSLiturgy of WordLiturgy of Eucharist
GATHERING RITES: A TIME FOR UNITYComing from our individual lives, bound by our common baptism, we form the Body of Christ, the Assembly.Penitential Rite acknowledges individual responsibility to the community.
LITURGY OF THE WORD: A TIME TO LISTENShare the stories of faith: First Reading Psalm Second Reading Gospel Homily
LITURGY OF THE WORD In Scripture, it is God who speaks directly to us, individually and as a community Dei Verbum (Constitution on Divine Revelation) defines Catholic understanding of Scripture. Three-year cycle for Sunday Lectionary (2 year-cycle for daily readings) Homily opens Scriptures for the gathered assembly.
TRANSITIONING FROM WORD TOEUCHARIST Recitation of Creed (Nicene or Apostles) Prayers of the Faithful
LITURGY OF EUCHARISTCollection of giftsPresentation of giftsEarly Church practices contained in current prayers and gesturesWe place ourselves, along with the bread and wine, on the altar, asking that we, too, be transformed.
LITURGY OF EUCHARISTEucharistic PrayerOur FatherSign of PeaceSharing in meal: we become what we consume: Real Presence of ChristSending to bring Christ to the world, to do the essential work of the laity: to make the world holy.
THE EFFECTS OF EUCHARISTAugments our union with ChristIncreases unity within the Church and among other ChristiansForgives venial sins and preserves us from future mortal sinsCommits us to the poorStrengthens us to overcome the pain and burden of everyday lifeGrace (Holiness)Power to love and to live like ChristEternal life
FORM OF THE SACRAMENTThe Consecration of the Bread and wine occurs when the priest says the words of institution, given to us by Christ:Take this, all of you, and eat of it, for this is my Body, which will be given up for you.Take this, all of you, and drink from it, for thei sis the chalice of my Blood, the Blood of a new and eternal covenant, which will be poured out for you and for many for the forgiveness of sins.Do this in memory of me.
MATTER OF THE SACRAMENT • Wheat bread • Wine made of grapesMINISTER OF THE SACRAMENT OF EUCHARIST• Nobody says Mass like a priest. • Priests, bishops (the Pope is the Bishop of Rome.)
REQUIREMENTS OF THE SACRAMENT• In the Roman Rite, reaching the age of reason (in Eastern rite, at time of baptism.)• Being in a state of grace (no mortal sins)• One-hour fast from food and drink (except water) before receiving• Must be received at least once a year, during the Easter season.
WHY DO WE….At tables, surface questions - WHY do we do…. at Mass? WHY don’t we do……at Mass?
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