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The Beaks of Finches  NYSED Lab Michael Comet South Lewis High School Turin, NY
What is the “goal” of the lab? <ul><li>Demonstrate how Darwin’s Finches (those that he observed on the Galapagos Islands) ...
Required Supplies for “B of F” A randomly assigned “beak” Timer Petri dish Small seed island Large seed island
Round 1 <ul><li>Only one seed at a time may be eaten.  To be “eaten” it must land  inside  your stomach. </li></ul><ul><li...
And now, Round 1… Did you average over 13 seeds? YES NO Go to Round 2 Increased Competition Repeat Round 1 on the “big see...
Successful in Round 1?  Welcome to Round 2!!! Repeat the same procedure but this time have another “bird” to compete again...
Unsuccessful in Round 1? Did you average over 13 seeds this time? YES NO Go to Round 2, but with another large seed eater ...
Successful in Round 2? Welcome to Round 3!! <ul><li>Increased Competition  </li></ul><ul><li>(more than 1 other bird) </li...
Not successful in Round 2? “ Here endeth the lesson…”
So, what did you learn? <ul><li>Birds have evolved many different mechanisms and modifications that make them more well-ad...
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Beaks Of Finches Review

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Transcript of "Beaks Of Finches Review"

  1. 1. The Beaks of Finches NYSED Lab Michael Comet South Lewis High School Turin, NY
  2. 2. What is the “goal” of the lab? <ul><li>Demonstrate how Darwin’s Finches (those that he observed on the Galapagos Islands) have adapted new beaks yet remain similar to the shared common ancestor that most likely came from the mainland. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Required Supplies for “B of F” A randomly assigned “beak” Timer Petri dish Small seed island Large seed island
  4. 4. Round 1 <ul><li>Only one seed at a time may be eaten. To be “eaten” it must land inside your stomach. </li></ul><ul><li>If you scoop seeds or eat more than one at a time, you “choke” and vomit all of your seeds out. </li></ul><ul><li>Average is taken from four trials, 60 seconds each. </li></ul>
  5. 5. And now, Round 1… Did you average over 13 seeds? YES NO Go to Round 2 Increased Competition Repeat Round 1 on the “big seed” island with the same beak Average Trial #4 Partner #2 Trial #3 Partner #2 Trial #2 Partner #1 Trial #1 Partner #1 Seeds Collected
  6. 6. Successful in Round 1? Welcome to Round 2!!! Repeat the same procedure but this time have another “bird” to compete against! Compete the table and move on to Round 3 where there is “Increased Competition” if you average over 13 seeds. Round 2 - Increased Competition Average Trial #4 Partner #2 Trial #3 Partner #2 Trial #2 Partner #1 Trial #1 Partner #1 Seeds Collected
  7. 7. Unsuccessful in Round 1? Did you average over 13 seeds this time? YES NO Go to Round 2, but with another large seed eater as competition on the “large seed” island Get a new “beak” and try yet again (not a possibility in nature) Go to a “large seed” island and start over (even though you have starved to death, you are resurrected) Average Trial #4 Partner #2 Trial #3 Partner #2 Trial #2 Partner #1 Trial #1 Partner #1 Seeds Collected
  8. 8. Successful in Round 2? Welcome to Round 3!! <ul><li>Increased Competition </li></ul><ul><li>(more than 1 other bird) </li></ul>Repeat the same procedure but this time have even more birds to compete against! Don’t fret. It is almost over! Average Trial #4 Partner #2 Trial #3 Partner #2 Trial #2 Partner #1 Trial #1 Partner #1 Seeds Collected
  9. 9. Not successful in Round 2? “ Here endeth the lesson…”
  10. 10. So, what did you learn? <ul><li>Birds have evolved many different mechanisms and modifications that make them more well-adapted to the environment in which they live. </li></ul><ul><li>Structural differences (in beaks) are significant enough to make you into a new species, but you did descend from a common ancestor. </li></ul><ul><li>The adaptations that are contribute to the most success allow that individual to survive and reproduce. </li></ul><ul><li>The adaptations that are contribute to a lack of success are not passed on since they either starve or have no “breeding rights”. </li></ul>
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