2.
Freely falling If air resistance is disregarded, all objects dropped near the surface of a planet fall with the same constant acceleration. This acceleration is due to gravitational force, and the motion is referred to as free fall.
3.
Freely falling The acceleration due to gravity is denoted with the symbols ag (generally) or g (on Earth’s surface). The magnitude of g is about 9.81 m/s2.
4.
Acceleration is constant during upward and downward motion In the photograph on the left, the upward displacement of the ball between each successive image is smaller and smaller until the ball stops and finally begins to move with an increasing downward velocity, as shown on the right.
6.
A robot probe drops a camera off the rim of a 239 mhigh cliff on Mars, where the free-fall acceleration is−3.7 m/s2.a. Find the velocity with which the camera hits theground.b. Find the time required for it to hit the ground.
7.
A flowerpot falls from a windowsill 25.0 m above thesidewalk.a. How fast is the flowerpot moving when it strikes theground?b. How much time does a passerby on the sidewalkbelow have to move out of the way before theflowerpot hits the ground?
8.
A tennis ball is thrown vertically upward with aninitial velocity of +8.0 m/s.a. What will the ball’s speed be when it returns to itsstarting point?b. How long will the ball take to reach its startingpoint?
9.
Jason hits a volleyball so that it moveswith an initial velocity of 6.0 m/s straightupward. If the volleyball starts from 2.0 mabove the floor, how long will it be in theair before it strikes the floor?
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