CAUSES of WW II
Political instability and economic devastation in Europe resulting from World War I
High war debt owed by Germany
31.7 % in Germany during the Great Depression and before
Political instability and economic devastation in Europe resulting
from World War I
Devastate means to damage something. Damage it A LOT. That is what happened
after WW I in Europe, and I am NOT talking about buildings, land, or even people.
I am talking about the Economy : Economic Devastation
1) Your money will NOT buy as much gum as it did before. You used to be able to get
a whole pack of gum for $1.50. Now it costs $8.00. The month before it was only
$3.00. What will it cots next month??? $24??? You are DEVASTATED. No more gum
2) Ability to earn money;
3) You NOW owe A LOT of money, and
cannot pay it back. That is NOT good.
When they take what little money you do
have, you have no $ for food, clothing,
and a place to live. You are DEVASTATED.
Damaged a lot.
4) YOU do not have a job. No matter how
hard you try you cannot get one. You
cannot afford the basics of what you
need. You are DEVASTATED.
Everyone was hurting. Often, when people hurt, they get angry.
They look for someone to blame for their problems.
High war debt owed by Germany
German reparations of £6,600 million ($10,111,192,477) This is equal to dollars
today of $1,782,255,617,429.94.
Fascism is a political philosophy in which
total power is given to a dictator and
individual freedoms are denied.
AlliedAllied Leaders WW II
They were the leaders of the group of nations called “The
The Allies were the ones fighting the Axis Powers. While there were other members of the
Allies, like Canada, Mexico, the main ones were The United States, Great Britain, and The
They joined together because they had a common enemy: Germany. Germany had
attacked Great Britain and The Soviet Union BEFORE the U.S. was even in the war.
Then when Japan attacked The U.S, and Great Britain in December of 1941, Germany
declared war on the U.S., in support of their friend Japan.
Eventually it was The U.S., G.B., and the Soviet Union and their allies on one side, and
Germany, Japan, and a few other countries on the other side.
United States –
U.S. Involvement in WWII
1.Isolationism (Great Depression, legacy of World War I)
2.Economic aid to Allies: The United States gave Britain war supplies
and old naval warships in return for military bases in Bermuda and the
Caribbean (Lend Lease).
3.Direct involvement in the war (After Pearl)
•Germany invades Poland, setting off war in Europe.
•The Soviet Union also invaded Poland and the
•Germany invaded France and captured Paris.
•Germany bombed London, and the Battle of Britain
Poland InvasionPoland Invasion
…our war aim does not consist in reaching certain lines,
but in the physical destruction of the enemyphysical destruction of the enemy …I have
placed my deathhead formations in readiness…with
orders to send to death mercilessly and withoutorders to send to death mercilessly and without
compassion men, women, and children of Polishcompassion men, women, and children of Polish
derivation and languagederivation and language.
Adolph Hitler – 1939
Germany invadedGermany invaded
France and capturedFrance and captured
Then it happened fast. The Germans went into The Netherlands (Holland) and Belgium in
May of 1940.
Battle ofBattle of
– October 31st
The Great British leader, Winston Churchill,
gave a speech where he said:
In the end the British did not give up,
and the Germans stopped their
attacks by air on October 31st
and never attacked by land.
The British WON the Battle of Britain
We explained earlier how:
Japan had attacked many of her neighbors in East Asia: Manchuria, Korea, China, Burma,
Thailand, Vietnam, and Malaya. This created a situation of
The Japanese were very brutal (super mean) to the people they conquered.
U.S. started standing up to Japan.
No more scrap metal delivered ( Japan used this to melt down to make
No More spare parts for airplanes.
Shipments of oil would be stopped.
Without all of these resources Japan’s expansion would grind to a stop.
Japan needed to keep expanding their territory to get the raw materials they DID NOT
HAVE on their home islands ( Japan is a totally Island nation).
When the fighting was finally over on June 6th
, 1942 we had sunk 4 of the
most important Japanese aircraft carriers.
Major Events - Turning Points - Part 4:
•Germany Invades the Soviet Union – June 22nd
•Soviet Union defeats Germany at Stalingrad - July 17th
1942 – February 2nd
Germany Invades the Soviet Union
( Operation Barbarossa)
The words of a bully. Relying on his ability to scare others into NOT acting.
•4.5 million troops of the Axis powers (Germany, Italy,
•They invaded the Soviet Union (USSR) along a
21,800 mi front (line of battle).
• 600,000 motor vehicles (Tanks, tractors, trucks, etc.)
Make Hotspot Callout: German film of Barbarosa start
Largest attack EVER!!!!!!!
At the end of this first
push into The Soviet
Union (it came to an
end in December
1941), the Soviet
Army had pushed
back the strongest
attack of the German
Hitler had not won the
victory he had
expected, but the
situation of the Soviet
Union remained very
weak and uncertain.
The Germans did not reach their goals, but they also had not been pushed all the way
out of The Soviet Union.
Result : German attack STOPPED. NOT defeated, but the advance stopped
Soviet Union defeats Germany at
Stalingrad - July 17th
, 1942 – February
Adolph Hitler refused to allow the German army to retreat, or to try to break out
of the Soviet army circle that was around them. They were doomed when it
proved impossible to get supplies to them by airplane.
What It Meant:
750,000 men killed, missing or wounded
3,500 tanks destroyed
12,000 large cannons destroyed
3,000 aircraft destroyed
It would take their factories 6 months to replace this, and they no longer had time….
The U.S. had joined the fighting in Europe/Africa.
For The Soviet Union:
Yes, they had lost over 1 million
killed, but it did not matter. They
were a large country, and had a lot
of men that could be sent into
It did not matter here either. They
were getting weapons from us, and
their factories were making
massive numbers of all kinds of
By the end of August, 1944 ( 3 months time from the
landing) we had moved them back over 200 miles. What
was started on that day would eventually push the
Germans all the way back into Germany and defeat.
The End Of WW II In Europe –
We would keep pushing the Germans, and would not stop until they surrendered to the
Allies ( U.S., Great Britain, Canada, France, and The Soviet Union). The last group of
Germans surrendered on May 8th
, 1945. This was called VE-Day. That means VictoryVE-Day. That means Victory
in Europe Dayin Europe Day.
Before this happened, the two largest Fascist Dictator in Europe were dead:
On 27 April 1945, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini was captured by a group of Italians
who did not support him. He was trying to get to Switzerland and safety. On 28 April,
1945 they executed him.
On 30 April, as the Germans fought the Soviet
soldiers in Berlin Hitler saw that all was lost.
He did not want to die like Mussolini so he
committed suicide in his underground
safety bunker along with Eva Braun, whom he
had married just hours before their joint
Dropping Of Atomic Bomb:
Hiroshima and then Nagasaki
Japan surrendered on August 15th
, 1945 when Emperor Hirohito made a radio
broadcast. It was called VJ Day, which meant Victory over Japan.
The war was over.
Hideki Tojo, the former military leader of Japan, tried to kill himself, but was
captured, tried as a war criminal, and then executed on December 23rd
Why? Did Holocaust Happen: ( Anti-Semitism and Aryan
Why did the Nazis make
(which means hatred of Jews)
such an important of what
they believed and practiced???
WHY did they think like this
AND then ACT on it????
Racial ideas of superiority were another
reason The Holocaust happened.
Aryan Supremacy (being
The Germans considered themselves
of the Aryan race. An Aryan was the
name given to white skinned people,
particularly those who come from
Anti-Jewish Boycott – April 1st
On April 1, 1933, the Nazis carried out the first nationwide (all over the German nation) ,
planned action against Jews: a boycott targeting Jewish businesses and professionals. A
boycott is when you say you will not go to a certain business.
The Nazis said the boycott
was revenge against Jews
because Jews in Germany,
as well as Jews in other
countries, were spreading
stories around the World
to damage Nazi Germany's
reputation. They said the
stories about bad things
happening in Germany
against Jews were
not true (The Germans
really WERE doing bad
things to Jews.) Stormtroopers outside a Berlin store posting
signs with the words "Germans! Defend
yourselves! Do not buy from Jews"
In September 1935, the Nazi leaders
announced new laws which turned
many of their ideas about race into
law. These "Nuremberg Laws" took
citizenship away from German Jews.
Jews were now also not allowed to
marry or have close relations with
persons of "German or German-
related blood." Jews
were disenfranchised (lost the right
to vote) and could not hold public
The first amendment to the
Nuremberg Laws defined anyone
who had three or four Jewish
grandparents as a Jew. It was not due
to a religion you practiced, but due to
who were your parents and grad-
Nuremberg Laws – September, 1935
Segregation Of Jews Into Ghettoes – October,
1939 – Spring, 1944
If this was taken INSIDE a ghetto, how would you describe what it is like???