Gemini: Introduced President John F. Kennedy decided that the goal of his term was to make it to the moon. In order to do that, he announced a series of testing missions. These missions were to be called Project Gemini. This project was the stepping stone between the Apollo and Mercury missions. The missions lasted from March 23, 1965 to November 11, 1966.
Gemini: Objectives The Gemini project had four main objectives. The first was to have astronauts take longer trips into space for later development. The second was to come up with effective ways to dock with other spacecraft. The third was to make it possible to reenter and land at certain spots. The fourth was to observe astronauts during flight and to analyze the effect of weightlessness on the crew.
Gemini: Mission Dates
Gemini 3 – March 23, 1965 (Grissom, Young)
Gemini 4 – June 3, 1965 (McDivitt, White)
Gemini 5 – August 21, 1965 (Cooper, Conrad)
Gemini 7 – December 4, 1965(Borman, Lovell)
Gemini 6A – December 15, 1965 (Schirra, Stafford)
Gemini 8 – March 16, 1966 (Armstrong, Scott)
Gemini 9A – June 3, 1966 (Stafford, Cernan)
Gemini 10 – July 18, 1966 (Young, Collins)
Gemini 11 – September 12, 1966 (Conrad, Gordon)
Gemini 12 – November 11, 1966 (Lovell, Aldrin)
Gemini: Spacecraft The Gemini spacecraft was cone shaped. It had two different parts, the reentry module and the adaptor module. The adaptor module made up the base and consisted of two different sections, the equipment section, and the retrorocket section. The reentry module was the pressurized cabin for the astronauts.
Gemini: Mission 3 Gemini 3 was the first of the crewed Gemini missions. Virgil Grissom and John Young were the astronauts on this mission. The mission had 6 main objectives. The objectives were evaluating the design of the Gemini spacecraft, the tracking network, OAMS (orbit attitude and maneuver system), reentry control, and spacecraft recovery and systems. The spacecraft landed in the Atlantic Ocean near Grand Turk Island after orbiting about 3 times.
Gemini: Mission 4 Gemini 4 was the second crewed mission of the Gemini project. James McDivitt and Edward White flew the spacecraft for 4 days. In that time they made 64 orbits. The mission objectives included testing the astronauts movements in the capsule, and to prepare for extended time in space. During this mission, Edward White performed the first American space walk. The spacewalk lasted 23 minutes.
Gemini: Mission 12 Gemini 12 was the last of the Gemini missions before the planning for the Apollo project began. It was the 10 th crewed mission. Jim Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin flew the spacecraft. The objectives were to rendezvous with the Agent target spacecraft, to do 3 spacewalks, to demonstrate automatic reentry, and conduct 11 experiments.
Bibliography Gemini 12. (n.d.). NASA. Retrieved May 30, 2011, from http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/masterCatalog.do?sc=1966-104A Gemini 3. (n.d.). NASA. Retrieved May 30, 2011, from http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/masterCatalog.do?sc=1965-024A Gemini 4. (n.d.). NASA. Retrieved May 30, 2011, from http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/masterCatalog.do?sc=1965-043A Gemini: Bridge to the Moon. (n.d.). NASA - Home . Retrieved May 30, 2011, from http://www.nasa.gov/externalflash/gemini_gallery/index_noaccess.html NASA - Gemini: Stepping Stone to the Moon -- 40 Years Later . (n.d.). NASA - Home . Retrieved May 30, 2011, from http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/gemini/index.html