Apollo
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  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • President John F. Kennedy encourages the space program to look toward the moon
    • president kennedy's moon speech to congress - Google Video2.flv
    • Objectives
      • To establish the technology to meet other national interests in space.
      • To achieve preeminence in space for the United States.
      • To carry out a program of scientific exploration of the Moon.
      • To develop man's capability to work in the lunar environment.
  • 3.
    • Two more groups of astronauts are added
      • Group 4 – 6 astronauts
      • Group 5 – 19 astronauts
  • 4.
    • A large number of uncrewed missions were performed
    • These tested:
      • The three-stage Saturn V rocket
      • Command, Lunar and Service Modules
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7.
    • On January 27, 1967 – tragedy struck
      • During a launch pad test, the astronauts get into the spacecraft to perform a ‘run-through’ of what will happen during the launch
      • Virgil Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee were preparing for the first manned Apollo flight
      • During the launch pad test, a spark ignited in the wiring insulation which caused a flash fire
      • The hatch door stuck, and the crew was unable to get out
  • 8.  
  • 9.
    • After performing three unmanned missions (Apollo 4, 5, 6) – it was time to try a manned mission
    • Apollo 7 (Oct. 22, 1968)
      • Walter Schirra, Donn Eisele, Walt Cunningham
      • Tested the Command/Service module
      • Only orbited the Earth
      • Lasted 10 days and 20 hours
  • 10.  
  • 11.
    • Apollo 8
      • Frank Borman, James Lovell Jr, William Anders
      • Orbited the moon
        • 20 hours with 10 orbits
      • Lasted 6 days, 3 hours
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.
    • Apollo 9
      • James McDivitt, David Scott, Russell Schweickart
      • Tested the Lunar module
      • Only orbited Earth
    • Apollo 10
      • Eugene Cernan, John Young, Thomas Stafford
      • Orbited the moon with the lunar module
      • Simulated lunar landing by undocking
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17.
    • Apollo 11
      • Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, Edwin Aldrin
      • First lunar landing
        • Stayed for 21.6 hours
        • Sea of Tranquility
  • 18.  
  • 19.
    • Apollo 12
      • Charles Conrad, Richard Gordon, Alan Bean
      • Landed on moon
        • Ocean of Storms
        • Completed two lunar walks
  • 20.  
  • 21.
    • Apollo 13
      • James Lovell, John Swigert, Fred Haise
      • Days before the mission, backup lunar module pilot exposed command module pilot Ken Mattingly to the measles
        • Backup CM – John Swigert stepped in
      • At 56 hours, after stirring the oxygen tanks - #2 blew up and #1 also failed
        • “ Houston, we have a problem”
        • Lovell reported venting into space
          • It was the oxygen
  • 22.
    • Apollo 13
      • They had to shut down the command/service module and ‘live’ in the lunar module
      • It was decided they would still orbit the moon
      • Carbon Dioxide soon became a problem
      • Ken Mattingly helped to find how to power up the CM after its long, cold sleep
      • They returned home safely
      • Known as the ‘successful failure’
  • 23.  
  • 24.  
  • 25.
    • Apollo 14
      • Alan Shepherd, Stuart Roosa, Edgar Mitchell
      • Landed on Fra Mauro
    • Apollo 15
      • David Scott, James Irwin, Alfred Worden
      • Landed on Hadley-Apennine region
    • Apollo 16
      • John Young, Ken Mattingly, Charles Duke
      • Landed on Descartes Highlands
    • Apollo 17
      • Eugene Cernan, Ronald Evans, Harrison Schmitt
      • Landed on Taurus-Littrow highlands and valley area
  • 26.  
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29.  
  • 30.  
  • 31.
    • Bringing together American Apollo project with Soviet Soyuz project
    • Goals
      • First international manned spaceflight
      • Test compatibility of rendezvous and docking systems
      • Open the way for international space rescue
      • Open the way for future joint manned flights
  • 32.
    • July 15-24, 1975
    • Apollo Crew
      • Thomas Stafford, Vance Brand, Donald Slayton
    • Soyuz Crew
      • Valeriy Kubasov, Alexei Leonov
    • Soyuz was launched 7 hours before Apollo
    • Apollo maneuvered to rendezvous 52 hours after Soyuz launch
    • Together conducted experiments over a 2-day period
  • 33.