Introduction Causes and Risk Factors Type 1 & 2 diabetes Diagnosis Information My family history Treatment Prevention Resources Conclusion
In the U.S., 25.8 million adults and children with diabetes 18.8 million diagnosed 7 million undiagnosed 79 pre diabetes 1.9 million new cases 20 and older
Mayo Clinic Staff” Glucose is a main source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and other tissues. Glucose comes from two major sources: the food you eat and your liver. During digestion, sugar is absorbed into the bloodstream. Normally, sugar then enters cells, with the help of insulin Risk factors of diabetes are heart attacks strokes and the second leading cause of blindness and kidney failure.
type 1 diabetes is Type 2 diabetes Theunknown, genetic more fatty tissue youfactors likely play a role. have, the more resistantYour risk of developing your cells become totype 1 diabetes insulin. Your risk increasesincreases if you have a if a parent or sibling hasparent or sibling who has type 2 diabetes.type 1 diabetes. Although its unclearEnvironmental factors, why, people of certainsuch as exposure to a races — includingviral illness, also likely blacks, Hispanics,play some role in type 1 American Indians anddiabetes. Other factors Asians — are at higherthat may increase your risk.risk include:
A fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test measures blood glucose in a person who has not eaten anything for at least 8 hours. This test is used to detect diabetes and pre diabetes. An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) measures blood glucose after a person fasts at least 8 hours and 2 hours after the person drinks a glucose-containing beverage. This test can be used to diagnose diabetes and pre diabetes. A random plasma glucose test, also called a casual plasma glucose test, measures blood glucose without regard to when the person being tested last ate. This test, along with an assessment of symptoms, is used to diagnose diabetes but not pre diabetes.
I come from a family where 905 of my family has diabetes. Too many of my familymembers don’t realize that this is a type of disease that you do not play with. When Iwas a child I never understood why I was not allowed to eat the things my friendswere eating. They would stop the ice cream truck, eat all types of junk foods, and forme I was a little jealous of them. Now that I am and adult I can see the overallpicture, some of those friends are not here anymore. The friends who are still hereare struggling with diabetes. This past Wednesday we buried my cousin, he had aheart attack and stroke at the same time, he was seventy one year’s young. I amnot your typically young man that eats just to be eating; I care about my life andhealth. Studies say that the typically African American house hold ends up withdiabetes. African Americans are twice as likely to be diagnosed with diabetes asnon-Hispanic whites. In addition, they are more likely to suffer complications fromdiabetes, such as end-stage renal disease and lower extremity amputations (fromthe Office of Minority Health). Even though diabetes can be treated, I would ratheravoid getting it to begin with. Some life style choices I can make in my life todecrease the risk factors for this disease would be to increase my exercise hoursper week. I normally have been eating 3 servings of vegetables a day, but I amgoing to increase my intake to about five to seven servings of vegetables a day. Ialso need to increase my fruit in take from three servings to five servings a day. Anylittle change I can put into my life for a healthier me, I am willing to do it, and everyhealthful change I make can lower my risk from being above average of gettingdiabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin Monitor your sugar regularly 1to3 times daily Exercise and a diabetic diet Type 2 diabetes is treated with weight reduction Exercise and a diabetic diet When these measures fail to control the elevated blood sugars, oral medications are used. If oral medications are still insufficient, treatment with insulin is considered.
Type 1 diabetes; there is nothing you could do to prevent type 1; there is currently no known way to prevent the disease. Type 2 diabetes; You can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes through a healthy lifestyle. Change your diet, increase your level of physical activity, maintain a healthy weight. With these positive steps, you can stay healthier longer and reduce your risk of diabetes.
Mayo Clinic National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC) American Diabetes Association MedicineNet.com Internet resources
Diabetes is a serious disease we allshould take serious. Watching what weeat, exercise and taking our healthserious can prevent us from thedisease. Diabetes can kill and youcan also live with diabetes, it justmatters which direction you want totake. If you become diagnosed withdiabetes it does not mean the end ofthe world, you just have to betreated. Checking your sugar regularlyand taking your insulin can be a startof a new you.