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NATIONAL MANAGEMENT COLLEGE
100th NATIONAL MANAGEMENT COURSE
Current Issues Presentation
New Paradigms in Education: Open ...
Sequence of Presentation
• Introduction: Education today and in 2025
• Currency of Topic
• Statement of the problem
• Open...
Sequence of Presentation
• Economic of MOOCs
• Advantages
• Issues and Challenges
• Pakistanis on MOOCs
• Pakistan Milieu
...
Introduction: Education Today
• 1.4 billion Students Globally
• 1.23 Billion from nursery to High Schools
• 170 Million in...
Introduction: Education in 2025
• 1/3of the world’s population (29.3%) is under 15.
• 170 million people enrolled in terti...
7
Currency of topic
• Circuit and Electronic Edx Course of MIT 155,000 students
from 162 countries, More than the MIT Alumni...
9
Currency of Topic
10
Currency of Topic
11
Statement of the Problem
• Education around the world is witnessing the biggest
change in our life by going digital
• Are ...
Open Education Resources (OER)
• Material used to support education that may be freely
accessed, reused, modified and shar...
Open Course Ware OCW
• Course materials like videos, syllabi, calendar,
presentation, textbooks, simulations etc. created ...
15
Massive Open Online Courses MOOCs
• Online Courses
• Unlimited access, as many as 200 K
• Open participation, no attendanc...
17
Khan Academy
• 2006
• Salman Khan, A Bangladeshi living in California
• MIT and Harvard
• 100,000 Exercises and 4000 micro...
19
Coursera
• Launched in April 2012
• Two Stanford Professor Andrew Ng and Daphane Koller
• Now 108 Universities with 600 pl...
21
Edx
• MIT and Harvard Joint Initiative
• US$ 30 M each initial contribution
• 140 Courses
• 32 Partner Institution form 15...
23
MITx
• 2000 plus courses
• 146 Million visitors
• 1 Million hits per month
• 500,000 plus on translations
• Bigger Alumni ...
25
Economics of MOOCs
• Awarding certificates
• Job placement services
• Licensing of the courses by institutions
• Donations...
Advantages
• Affordability
• Democratization and Globalization of Education
• Rewinding pausing and watching at ones own
c...
Advantages
• Freedom of access.
• Saves time and effort for content development.
• Co-creation empowers more collaboration...
Issues and Challenges
• Making it feasible
• Accreditation and acceptability
• Adaption in local languages
• Retaining Int...
Pakistanis On MOOCs
• About 20,000 students from Pakistan!
(source: Evaluating Geographic Data in MOOCs)
• Pakistani stude...
Pakistan Milieu
• Virtual University
• MIT Blossoms
• Rehan School
• City Smart Schools
• Beacon House Education Learning ...
International Perspective
• Mexico, digital content for all students (K-12).
• In Canada, All Provinces offer K-12 online
...
Conti…
• In Singapore, 100% of Secondary schools use online
learning & teachers are trained in Blended Learning.
• Thailan...
Punjab Elearn Project
• Total beneficiaries 10 million Students from Class 6 to 12
• Phase 1, Rs. 60 Million Initially 2.5...
35
School 1 School 2 School 3
Secure
Intranet
Virtual Teacher for
Teacher Training
Application for
virtual Training
WebEx or
...
Conclusions
• Great Opportunities for Asia and African Societies
• From brick and mortar to providing educational content
...
Recommendations
• Accreditation and acceptance of such programs by HEC
• Better connectivity
• Laptops/tablets for student...
THANK YOU
Q&A
39
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New paradigms in education

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  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. NATIONAL MANAGEMENT COLLEGE 100th NATIONAL MANAGEMENT COURSE Current Issues Presentation New Paradigms in Education: Open Course Ware (OCW) & Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) By Muhammad Saleem Ahmad Ranjha Pakistan Custom Service Faculty Advisor: Ahmad Yar Khan 2
  3. 3. Sequence of Presentation • Introduction: Education today and in 2025 • Currency of Topic • Statement of the problem • Open Education Resources (OER) • Open Courseware (OCW) • Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) • Khan Academy • Coursera • Edx • MITx 3
  4. 4. Sequence of Presentation • Economic of MOOCs • Advantages • Issues and Challenges • Pakistanis on MOOCs • Pakistan Milieu • International Perspective • Punjab Elearn Project • Conclusion • Recommendations 4
  5. 5. Introduction: Education Today • 1.4 billion Students Globally • 1.23 Billion from nursery to High Schools • 170 Million in Colleges and Universities • 65.2 Million teachers • 56 Million in Schools • 9.2 Million in Colleges and Universities 5Source: http://www.slideshare.net/cgreen/sloan-the-obviousness-of-open-policy
  6. 6. Introduction: Education in 2025 • 1/3of the world’s population (29.3%) is under 15. • 170 million people enrolled in tertiary education • Projections it will peak at 273 million in 2025 “Accommodating the additional 103 million students would require more than four major universities (30,000 students) to open every week for the next fifteen year” Sir John Daniel 6Source: http://www.slideshare.net/cgreen/sloan-the-obviousness-of-open-policy
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Currency of topic • Circuit and Electronic Edx Course of MIT 155,000 students from 162 countries, More than the MIT Alumni of 150 years.* • Coursera has 6 Million students in less than 2 years • Punjab Government launches e-learning program • Punjab Government will set up E- Libraries 8* Source: Anant Aggarwal Ted Global talk 2013
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. Currency of Topic 10
  11. 11. Currency of Topic 11
  12. 12. Statement of the Problem • Education around the world is witnessing the biggest change in our life by going digital • Are we ready in Pakistan for such a change? 12
  13. 13. Open Education Resources (OER) • Material used to support education that may be freely accessed, reused, modified and shared by anyone. Stephen Downes • Types includes - Open Courseware (OCW) - Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) - Learning Repositories 13
  14. 14. Open Course Ware OCW • Course materials like videos, syllabi, calendar, presentation, textbooks, simulations etc. created by universities and shared freely with the world via the internet. • University of Tubingen Germany 1999 • MIT Opencourseware 2002 • 260 Universities offering 13,000 plus courses Source: www.ocwconsortium.org 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. Massive Open Online Courses MOOCs • Online Courses • Unlimited access, as many as 200 K • Open participation, no attendance • Provides video and readings, interactive material • Also provides online for a and community of students, teachers and Teaching Assistants • Much more interactive than OCW • Lot of Social Media usage • Student Meet ups Source: Lewin, Tamar (20 February 2013). "Universities Abroad Join Partnerships on the Web". New York Times. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 16
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. Khan Academy • 2006 • Salman Khan, A Bangladeshi living in California • MIT and Harvard • 100,000 Exercises and 4000 micro lectures • 10 M students monthly. 300 M lessons • Five times bigger presence on YouTube • By donations Source: www.khanacademy.org 18
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. Coursera • Launched in April 2012 • Two Stanford Professor Andrew Ng and Daphane Koller • Now 108 Universities with 600 plus courses • Six Million plus participants • Now introducing Specializations • A content platform, Partner with top universities. Not an educational institution itself Source: www.coursera.org 20
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. Edx • MIT and Harvard Joint Initiative • US$ 30 M each initial contribution • 140 Courses • 32 Partner Institution form 15 countries Source: www.edx.org 22
  23. 23. 23
  24. 24. MITx • 2000 plus courses • 146 Million visitors • 1 Million hits per month • 500,000 plus on translations • Bigger Alumni than the MIT Alumni itself 24Source: ocw.mit.edu
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. Economics of MOOCs • Awarding certificates • Job placement services • Licensing of the courses by institutions • Donations • Other internet methods (ads, product placement etc) 26
  27. 27. Advantages • Affordability • Democratization and Globalization of Education • Rewinding pausing and watching at ones own convenience • Free Education at ones door step • Sharing development costs among institutions • Accessibility of resources previously unavailable to specific groups of people 27
  28. 28. Advantages • Freedom of access. • Saves time and effort for content development. • Co-creation empowers more collaboration and creativity. • No cost or low cost to students 28
  29. 29. Issues and Challenges • Making it feasible • Accreditation and acceptability • Adaption in local languages • Retaining Interest • Very few students complete the course • No standard quality control • Varying degrees of time dedicated 29
  30. 30. Pakistanis On MOOCs • About 20,000 students from Pakistan! (source: Evaluating Geographic Data in MOOCs) • Pakistani students have been there from the start • Pakistani students are famous! • Launching of Qalandar Shahbaz University of Management Sciences Karachi (QSUMS) Source: Farooq Alam Presentation Feb 2014 30
  31. 31. Pakistan Milieu • Virtual University • MIT Blossoms • Rehan School • City Smart Schools • Beacon House Education Learning Environment (ELE) • Elearn Punjab Source: Saleem Ranjha presentation Feb, 22, 2014 31
  32. 32. International Perspective • Mexico, digital content for all students (K-12). • In Canada, All Provinces offer K-12 online learning. • According to European Union e-Learning Action Plan, IB Diploma Program is available online in 125 countries. • Hong Kong, Blended Learning Approach used • South Korea, there are National Virtual Schools from textbooks to digital content. • China digitized curriculum is available for K-12 students. 32
  33. 33. Conti… • In Singapore, 100% of Secondary schools use online learning & teachers are trained in Blended Learning. • Thailand plans to distribute about 1.7 million tablet computers to students • In Jamaica, Government plans to equip thousands of students with tablet computers. • India needs 200,000 more schools and has decided to promote online learning for K-12 in 10 years. 33Source: Punjab Information Technology Board Presentation Jan 2014
  34. 34. Punjab Elearn Project • Total beneficiaries 10 million Students from Class 6 to 12 • Phase 1, Rs. 60 Million Initially 2.5 million in Class 9 & 10 • Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Biology • Creating official repository of free online digitized textbooks augmented with; • Videos 4000 • Animations 476 • Simulations 369 • Assessments Source: www.elearn.punjab.gov.pk 34
  35. 35. 35
  36. 36. School 1 School 2 School 3 Secure Intranet Virtual Teacher for Teacher Training Application for virtual Training WebEx or Big Blue Button Learning Management Portal Home Users Implementations of eLearn.Punjab 36
  37. 37. Conclusions • Great Opportunities for Asia and African Societies • From brick and mortar to providing educational content • Will definitely change the educational setup • Reduce Geographical but may increase digital divide • It is there to stay 37
  38. 38. Recommendations • Accreditation and acceptance of such programs by HEC • Better connectivity • Laptops/tablets for students should have in-built programmes • Training of teachers and developers • Replication in all other provinces AJK, FATA and GB • Transition from E-Learning to M-Learning • E-Entrepreneurship 38
  39. 39. THANK YOU Q&A 39
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