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Notes Chapter 2, Grammar 2
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  • 1. Gramática 2 Capítulo 2
  • 2. Nouns
    • ALL nouns in Spanish have a gender
    • They’re either masculine or feminine .
    • Most nouns that are masculine end in –o .
    • Most nouns that are feminine end in –a .
  • 3. Nouns
    • Singular noun - ONE of something
    • Plural noun – 2+ things
    • If a singular noun ends in a vowel, add –s to make is plural.
    • If a singular noun ends in a consonant, add –es to make it plural.
  • 4. Definite articles
    • Definite articles are used to express the word “the” in English.
    • These must agree in gender and number with the noun.
  • 5. Definite articles Masculine Feminine Singular el la Plural los las
  • 6. Definite articles - uses
    • To talk about a noun as a general category.
      • ¿Cómo es la pizza? – What’s the pizza like (in general)?
    • When saying what you like with gustar.
      • Me gusta la pizza. – I like pizza.
  • 7. Definite articles
    • Put the correct definite article in the blank.
    • ____ profesora
    • ____ libro
    • ____ profesoras
    • ____ libros
    la las el los
  • 8. gustar
    • Gustar is used to say what people like.
    • Use gusta if the thing they like is singular .
    • Use gustan if the thing they like is plural .
  • 9. gustar
    • You must put one of these pronouns before gustar to say who likes something.
    • “ Le” can be Ud., he, she, or it.
    • “ Les” can be Uds., ellos, or ellas.
    me nos te le les
  • 10. gustar
    • “ Le” can be Ud., he, she, or it.
    • “ Les” can be Uds., ellos, or ellas.
    • To ask who is being talked about, use
    • a quién or a quiénes.
    • To clarify who is being talked about, use a and name(s) .
    me nos te le les
  • 11. What we use it with
    • Objects:
    • Me gustAN los zapatoS
    • I like shoes
    • Verbs: Me gusta leer.
    • I like to read.
    • Me gusta (I like)…
    • Jugar – To play
    • Leer – to read
    • Dormir – to sleep
    • Ir al cine – To go to the movies
  • 12. gustar
    • To say someone doesn’t like something, put the word no in front of the pronoun
          • No me gusta la pizza.
          • No le gustan los helados.
          • No nos gusta el profesor.
  • 13. ¿por qué? and porque
    • ¿por qué?
      • why?
    • porque
      • because
      • ¿Por qué te gusta la pizza?
      • Por que es muy buena.
  • 14. Preposition “de”
    • De is used to:
      • show possession or relationship
          • El profesor de María Maria’s teacher
      • indicate what type of things you’re describing
      • say where someone is from
    • “ de” followed by “el” makes the contraction “del”