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Ch 2 cuzco

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Expresate Level 2, chapter 2 culture section presented in English.

Expresate Level 2, chapter 2 culture section presented in English.

Published in: Travel, Economy & Finance

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  • 1. Almanac : Population: 300,000 Historical Note: Cuzco or Qosqo in quechua means “The earths navel”, a - used to be the center of the Incan empire, called Tahuantinsuyo , “The four fourths of the world”. Economy: Tourism, Agriculture and Handcraft sales. By: INC
  • 2.
    • Oldest city in South America, inhabited since its construction.
    • Capital of the Incan empire.
    By: INC
  • 3.
    • A.K.A. Qoricancha , it was one of the sacred places of the Incas. When the Spanish conquistadores arrived, they incorporated a big part of the temple to the Church of Santo Domingo.
    By: INC
  • 4.
    • A lot of people in Cuzco are proud to be descendants of the Incas, and they show it by wearing the traditional dress, speaking their own language, and eating Incan food.
    By: INC
  • 5.
    • L ocal fruits, vegetables, herbs, woven & leather artifacts are found in the markets of Cuzco.
    By: INC
  • 6.
    • Ancient and Modern center of Cuzco, it corresponds to the huacaypata , the ancient central plaza of the Inca. The Cuzco Cathedral is here. The Spanish conquistadores began its construction in 1560, and it took them 94 years to complete it.
    By: INC
  • 7.
    • In many structures in Cuzco, like in Loreto St., the Incan walls make the foundation of colonial buildings.
    By: INC
  • 8. By: INC Machu Picchu = “Old Peak” in Quechua
  • 9.
    • In June - lasts a week. It ends with a grand procession. This celebrations combines Incan and Christian traditions.
    By: INC
  • 10.
    • A.K.A. the Festival of the Sun - June 24 th – Incan New Year.
    By: INC
  • 11.
    • The Puma was a very sacred animal for the Incas, so they decided to build the city of Cuzco in its shape.
    • clear puma
    By: INC
  • 12.
    • Situated in one of the walls of the Incan palace, Hatunrumiyoc . The walls were built with such precision that not even a credit card can slide through them.
    By: INC
  • 13.
    • Situated in one of the walls of the Incan palace, Hatunrumiyoc . The walls were built with such precision that not even a credit card
    • It forms the head of the puma. The three walls, built in a zigzag shape, represent the puma’s teeth.
    By: INC
  • 14.
    • Situated in one of the walls of the Incan palace, Hatunrumiyoc . The walls were built with such precision that not even a credit card
    • Painted by Diego Quispe Tito (1611 – 1681), indigenous painter of Cuzco.
    By: INC
  • 15.
    • - combine two traditions: the Incan and the colonial. The simplicity of its shapes and decoration is imitated now by Cuzco’s artisans.
    • Examplesfound at the Historic Regional Museum.
    By: INC
  • 16.
    • Candle making is another popular art of Cuzco. They are used in the celebrations held in the city. - often
    By: INC
  • 17.
    • Situated in one of the walls of the Incan palace, Hatunrumiyoc . The walls were built with such precision that not even a credit card
    • Terraces: transform the ground from non-fertile land into productive soil = $$$ and food!
    By: INC
  • 18.
    • Situated in one of the walls of the Incan palace, Hatunrumiyoc . The walls were built with such precision that not even a credit card
    • The llama = wool = world-famous textiles.
    By: INC
  • 19.
    • Situated in one of the walls of the Incan palace, Hatunrumiyoc . The walls were built with such precision that not even a credit card
    • The vast majority of the dishes made in Cuzco are made with potatoes, the reason is because there is a big variety of them. The other produce is corn.
    By: INC
  • 20. Tupac Amaru (Died 1572) The last Inca emperor that was allowed to be a ceremonial figurehead but lost all political power after Francisco Pizarro and the Spanish conquistadors conquered Cuzco. By: INC
  • 21. Tupac Amaru II 1742 –1781) A direct descendant of Tupac Amaru. He led the first rebellion in the New World against the Spanish empire in Peru. His rebellion was unsuccessful because he was betrayed by close advisors. Executed (with family) in 1781. By: INC
  • 22. Tupac Amaru Shakur (1971–1996) Named after Tupac Amaru II because his mother hoped he would be a leader that resisted the forces of oppression, i.e. the government, corrupt police and etc. By: INC