The Cold WarActionary/Reactionary Behaviours
   5 June 1947: US introduces the “Marshall    Plan”, named for Secretary of State George    Marshall    ◦ Offered financ...
   Rationale was that if    the economies of    these countries were    healthy, then there    would be no threat of    c...
   In the end, many    countries in Western    Europe accepted the    money    ◦ Between 1948 and      1952, over $13 bil...
   1947: As a reaction    to the Marshall    Plan, the Soviets    introduced the    “Molotov Plan”    ◦ Named for Soviet ...
   The plan was based    on free trade among    Eastern bloc    countries    ◦ Available only to      Eastern bloc countr...
   1. Western European    countries grow    prosperous with US    dollars   2. Eastern European    countries fail to    ...
   24 June 1948: Berlin    Blockade    ◦ Related to the post-war      division of Germany      and Berlin that resulted  ...
   As relations between    the US and USSR    continued to    deteriorate the    likelihood of a    permanent solution   ...
   When the Allies    decided to merge    their 3 zones into a    single unit, the    Soviets felt    threatened and    r...
   28 June 1948: US    reacts against the    blockade by    beginning “Operation    Vittles”- the Berlin    Airlift    ◦ ...
   Western powers    staged a massive    airlift of supplies from    Western Germany    into West Berlin    ◦ Food, fuel,...
   Permanent division of    Germany    ◦ May 1949: The 3      occupation zones of the      Western powers      become the...
Berlin Airlift
   4 April 1949: US              12 original NATO    action to counter the          members:    “perceived” military    ...
   Significant because    upon accepting the    leadership of this    organization, the US    must then re-arm    these c...
   1 May 1955: Soviets         Attending countries:    react to NATO by             USSR, Bulgaria, East    signing the ...
   Its stated purpose    was to assist one    another in the event    of another attack    (from NATO)    ◦ Unified milit...
   29 Aug. 1949: The    Soviets successfully    detonate their first    atomic bomb    ◦ Truman responds by      ordering...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The Cold War: Actions and Reactions

7,156

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
7,156
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Cold War: Actions and Reactions

  1. 1. The Cold WarActionary/Reactionary Behaviours
  2. 2.  5 June 1947: US introduces the “Marshall Plan”, named for Secretary of State George Marshall ◦ Offered financial aid to help all European countries rebuild after the warThe Marshall Plan: Action
  3. 3.  Rationale was that if the economies of these countries were healthy, then there would be no threat of communist growthThe Marshall Plan
  4. 4.  In the end, many countries in Western Europe accepted the money ◦ Between 1948 and 1952, over $13 billion went to these countriesThe Marshall Plan
  5. 5.  1947: As a reaction to the Marshall Plan, the Soviets introduced the “Molotov Plan” ◦ Named for Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav MolotovThe Molotov Plan: Reaction
  6. 6.  The plan was based on free trade among Eastern bloc countries ◦ Available only to Eastern bloc countries Poland, Hungary, and Romania ◦ Soviet intimidation forced these countries to accept this plan over the Marshall PlanThe Molotov Plan
  7. 7.  1. Western European countries grow prosperous with US dollars 2. Eastern European countries fail to prosper and come under greater Soviet controlResults
  8. 8.  24 June 1948: Berlin Blockade ◦ Related to the post-war division of Germany and Berlin that resulted from decisions made at Potsdam and YaltaBerlin Blockade: Action
  9. 9.  As relations between the US and USSR continued to deteriorate the likelihood of a permanent solution to this temporary measure became highly unlikelyBerlin Blockade
  10. 10.  When the Allies decided to merge their 3 zones into a single unit, the Soviets felt threatened and reacted by blocking all road and rail links into West Berlin ◦ (West Berlin was within the Soviet zone)Berlin Blockade
  11. 11.  28 June 1948: US reacts against the blockade by beginning “Operation Vittles”- the Berlin Airlift ◦ Lasted 11 monthsBerlin Airlift: Reaction
  12. 12.  Western powers staged a massive airlift of supplies from Western Germany into West Berlin ◦ Food, fuel, clothes, and medicine are flown to West Berlin ◦ Stalin eventually gives in and ends the blockadeBerlin Airlift
  13. 13.  Permanent division of Germany ◦ May 1949: The 3 occupation zones of the Western powers become the German Federal Republic with the capital in Bonn ◦ Oct. 1949: Soviet zone becomes the German Democratic Republic with the capital in East Berlin ◦ Remains divided until 1990Results
  14. 14. Berlin Airlift
  15. 15.  4 April 1949: US  12 original NATO action to counter the members: “perceived” military ◦ US, Canada, UK, threat from the France, Belgium, Netherlands, Denmark, Soviet bloc countries Norway, Iceland, Italy, ◦ Sent a message to the Portugal, Luxembourg USSR that the West was ◦ 1955: West Germany prepared to meet Soviet expansion with resistanceNATO: Action
  16. 16.  Significant because upon accepting the leadership of this organization, the US must then re-arm these countries ◦ It is also the first time that the US joined a military alliance during peacetimeNATO
  17. 17.  1 May 1955: Soviets  Attending countries: react to NATO by USSR, Bulgaria, East signing the Warsaw Germany, Romania, A Pact lbania, Czechoslovaki ◦ Held in a, Poland, and Warsaw, Poland Hungary ◦ 8 countries in attendance ◦ IMPORTANT NOTE: Nikita Khrushchev has become leader of USSR (1953)Warsaw Pact: Reaction
  18. 18.  Its stated purpose was to assist one another in the event of another attack (from NATO) ◦ Unified military command based in MoscowWarsaw Pact
  19. 19.  29 Aug. 1949: The Soviets successfully detonate their first atomic bomb ◦ Truman responds by ordering the development of the hydrogen bomb ◦ Beginning of the Nuclear Arms RaceResults
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×