Reading interventions2

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Interventions for Struggling Students
Presenters: Monica Wilkins and Elaine McCullough

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Reading interventions2

  1. 1. Interventions for Struggling Readers Monica Wilkins Elaine McCullough
  2. 2. Interventions <ul><li>Are… student specific and designed to close learning gaps </li></ul><ul><li>Are not… individual assistance in completing worksheets or assignments </li></ul>
  3. 3. Planning Interventions <ul><li>3 Step Process </li></ul><ul><li>Step 1: Diagnose Needs </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Prepare Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3: Implement Interventions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Step 1: Diagnose Needs <ul><li>student specific </li></ul><ul><li>use a diagnostic tool </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Running Record </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>STAR Reading </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>STAR Early Literacy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Independent Reading Inventory/Level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reading Series Placement Test </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Step 2: Prepare Materials <ul><li>K-2 </li></ul><ul><li>Phonemic Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Phonics </li></ul><ul><li>Decoding Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking Form </li></ul><ul><li>3-5 </li></ul><ul><li>Sight Word Fluency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sets of 10 words within 12 seconds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comprehension </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sentence structure and comprehension using drawings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Passages using quick draws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tracking Form </li></ul>
  6. 6. Step 3: Implement Interventions Classroom, SIP, Reading Lab <ul><li>Classroom Interventions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>any student </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10-15 minutes daily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intervention Form / Ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When???? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>first 5 minutes of recess </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 minutes while others are packing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>extra group rotation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10 minutes extra for struggling group </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. SIP: Speedy Intervention Practices <ul><li>Students with an IEP in place </li></ul><ul><li>15 minutes of pull-out daily </li></ul>
  8. 8. Speedy Intervention Practices
  9. 9. Reading Lab
  10. 10. Reading Lab <ul><li>Individualized self-paced instruction for improving skills </li></ul><ul><li>Students in grades 2-4 attend for 45 minutes a day </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction follows the Marie Carbo Recorded-Book Method </li></ul><ul><li>Student progress is evaluated quarterly to determine need for services </li></ul>
  11. 11. What is the Carbo Method? <ul><li>Recorded readings are above the student’s independent level. </li></ul><ul><li>Recorded: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow pace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short phrases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good expression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small amounts </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Effective Fluency Instruction <ul><li>Makes word recognition automatic and effortless </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasizes rhythm and expression </li></ul>
  13. 14. Results of Carbo Recordings <ul><li>Reduce </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improve </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluency, comprehension, vocabulary, language, pronunciation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confidence </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. What the Student Does <ul><li>Relaxes </li></ul><ul><li>Listens to recorded story 2-3 times while looking at written material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student tracks with finger while listening </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Timed read-back and conference with teacher </li></ul>
  15. 16. Why the Carbo Method Works <ul><li>Increases learning and comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses multiple intelligences </li></ul><ul><li>High-interest stories have high meaning to the brain </li></ul><ul><li>The brain is a pattern sorter </li></ul><ul><li>With sufficient modeling of the text, the brain automatically identifies word patterns and begins to decipher unknown words </li></ul>
  16. 17. Picture It!
  17. 19. Picture It! <ul><li>Graphic organizer to help students recall the five story elements </li></ul><ul><li>Uses acronym “STORY” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>S - Setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T - Talking characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>O - Oops, a problem! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R - Attempts to resolve the problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Y - Yes, the problem is solved </li></ul></ul>
  18. 21. Picture It! <ul><li>Sets up a sequence to help readers anticipate the way in which the story unfolds </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehension is the goal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visualization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge of story elements </li></ul></ul>
  19. 23. Nonfiction Application <ul><li>T - Topic tells what the story is about </li></ul><ul><li>R - Record three facts about the topic </li></ul><ul><li>U - Use context clues to understand vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>E - End with a summary that tells the most important thing about the topic </li></ul>
  20. 25. Sophisticated Words
  21. 26. Sophisticated Words <ul><li>Vocabulary is a critical factor in development of reading skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary knowledge is one of the best predictors of reading comprehension, reading performance in general, and school achievement. </li></ul>
  22. 27. Sophisticated Words to Use in the Classroom <ul><li>Accumulate </li></ul><ul><li>Adjacent </li></ul><ul><li>Affable </li></ul><ul><li>Amiable </li></ul><ul><li>Ascertain </li></ul><ul><li>Discourteous </li></ul><ul><li>Elucidate </li></ul><ul><li>Erroneous </li></ul><ul><li>Exemplary </li></ul><ul><li>Halt </li></ul><ul><li>Invalid </li></ul><ul><li>Linger </li></ul><ul><li>Proceed </li></ul><ul><li>Proficient </li></ul><ul><li>Rectify </li></ul><ul><li>Verbalize </li></ul>
  23. 28. Sophisticated Words <ul><li>Particularly appropriate for instruction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Words are not likely to be encountered or learned through typical interaction with academic materials or everyday conversation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expands vocabulary breadth and depth </li></ul></ul>
  24. 29. Pic-Wizard Vocabulary
  25. 30. Pic-Wizard Vocabulary <ul><li>Self-checking vocabulary cards </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on a variety of skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Synonyms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antonyms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Meaning Words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Context Clues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phonics Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English Skills </li></ul></ul>
  26. 32. Additional Resources <ul><li>Bringing Words to Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Isabel Beck </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Vocabulary-Rich Classroom: Modeling Sophisticated Word Use to Promote Word Consciousness and Vocabulary Growth from The Reading Teacher, 63 (5) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holly Lane and Stephanie Allen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Picture It! from The Reading Teacher, 63 (1) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Victoria Naughton </li></ul></ul>
  27. 33. Contact Information <ul><li>Monica Wilkins </li></ul><ul><li> [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Elaine McCullough </li></ul><ul><li> [email_address] </li></ul>

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