What is engineering


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What is engineering?

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What is engineering

  1. 1. What is Engineering? <ul><li>Engineering (According to Websters): The application of math and science by which the properties of matter and the sources of energy in nature are made useful to people. </li></ul><ul><li>Engineers APPLY math and science for the betterment of society through: - Design - Manufacturing - Research & Development - Management - Continual Improvement - Logistics </li></ul><ul><li>Above all, engineers are problem solvers who make things work better, more efficiently, quicker and cheaper. </li></ul>What is Engineering?
  2. 2. Salary Comparisons <ul><li>Engineering is a HIGHLY regarded and relatively HIGHLY compensated career. Engineers make GREAT salaries relative to the amount of schooling required and the LIFESTYLE offered. </li></ul><ul><li>CAREER COLLEGE (yrs) *AVERAGE SALARY (2008) **FACTOR (thousands) - </li></ul><ul><li>Fast Food Cook 0 $17,620 ($ 8.47/hr) - </li></ul><ul><li>Cosmetologist 0 $26,660 ($12.82/hr) - Auto Mechanic 0 $37,540 ($18.05/hr) - Real Estate Agent 0 $54,410 ($26.16/hr) - Athletes 4 $79,460 ($38.20/hr) 20 Reporter 4 $44,030 ($21.17/hr) 11 Physical Therapy 8 $74,410 ($35.77/hr) 9 Biologist/Chemist 4 $88,450 ($42.52/hr) 22 Veterinarian (D.V.M.) 8 $89,450 ($43.00/hr) 11 Accounting/Auditors 4 $65,840 ($31.65/hr) 16 Registered Nurse 4 $65,130 ($31.31/hr) 16 Pharmacist 6 $104,260 ($50.13/hr) 17 Computer Programmer 4 $73,470 ($35.32/hr) 18 Computer Engineer 4 $87,900 ($42.26/hr) 22 Mechanical Engineer 4 $78,200 ($37.60/hr) 20 Engineering Manager 4 $182,300 ($87.64/hr) 46 Electrical Engineer 4 $85,350 ($41.03/hr) 21 Civil Engineer 4 $78,560 ($37.77/hr) 20 Chemical Engineer 4 $88,760 ($42.67/hr) 22 Petroleum Engineer 4 $119,140 ($57.28/hr) 30 Doctor (M.D.) 10 $161,490 ($77.64/hr) 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Lawyer (J.D.) 6 $124,750 ($59.98/hr) 21 </li></ul>* Average salaries from May 2008 Bureau of Labor Statistics web site. **Factor is average salary / years of college. Higher Factor Is Better!
  3. 3. Earning Potential vs. Minimum Wage <ul><li>Engineers have high earning potentials over the course of their career. </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1998, engineering salaries have increased by ~55%. </li></ul>What is Engineering?
  4. 4. Engineering Disciplines <ul><ul><li>MAJOR DISCIPLINES: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanical Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OTHER DISCIPLINES : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automotive Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aerospace Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biomedical Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuclear Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robotics Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety Engineering </li></ul></ul>What is Engineering?
  5. 5. Mechanical Engineering <ul><li>Perhaps the broadest of all the engineering disciplines in its range of activities </li></ul><ul><li>Concerned with design, manufacture & operation of a wide range of components, devices, or systems: </li></ul><ul><li>- microscopic parts (nanotechnology) to gigantic gears </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- heating, ventilation, refrigeration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- manufacturing equipment (tanks, motors, pumps) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- laser technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- biomedical applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- automotive industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- computer-aided design, automation, robotics </li></ul></ul>What is Engineering? Design the Latest Vehicles, Boats, Robots
  6. 6. Chemical Engineering Reactions Distillation or Separation of Chemicals Heating and Cooling of Chemicals <ul><li>Applying chemistry to the solution of practical problems </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Engineers are responsible for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gasoline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plastic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy (natural gas, oil heating, coal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adhesives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clothing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building Materials </li></ul></ul>Transportation of Chemicals How Chemicals Affect Environment Filtration Safety Make Chemicals Cheaper, Faster, Better
  7. 7. Electrical Engineering <ul><li>Apply specialized skill to the design, manufacture, application, installation, and operation of electrical products and systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Play a role in almost EVERYTHING we interact with on a daily basis. They design smaller, cheaper, and better: - cell phones - computers - power systems - appliances - robots </li></ul>What is Engineering?
  8. 8. Civil Engineering <ul><li>Design solutions to cope with many of our planet’s most serious problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- air quality issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- decaying cities, roadways and bridges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- clogged airports and highways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- polluted streams, rivers and lakes </li></ul></ul>What is Engineering?
  9. 9. Industrial Engineering <ul><li>Stresses design, improvement, & installation of integrated systems of people, material, and equipment for the effective production of goods or services in all types of industries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design data processing systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate activities of finance, engineering and management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop systems for planning, cost analysis, production and </li></ul></ul><ul><li>quality of products </li></ul>What is Engineering?
  10. 10. Good Traits for Engineers <ul><li>Enjoy solving problems </li></ul><ul><li>Like working with other people (strong teamwork skills) </li></ul><ul><li>Interested in serving human needs </li></ul><ul><li>Want to make things work better </li></ul><ul><li>Strive for continual improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Able to adapt to a changing environment </li></ul><ul><li>Good communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Strong study skills and desire to constantly learn new things </li></ul><ul><li>Data analysis skills </li></ul><ul><li>Strong computer skills </li></ul>What is Engineering?
  11. 11. College Entrance Requirements <ul><li>Algebra I & II </li></ul><ul><li>Trigonometry </li></ul><ul><li>Biology </li></ul><ul><li>Physics </li></ul><ul><li>Social Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Fine Arts/Humanities </li></ul><ul><li>Geometry </li></ul><ul><li>Calculus </li></ul><ul><li>Chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>English </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Languages </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Programming </li></ul>HIGHLY RECOMMEND (not required): <ul><li>AP Chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>AP Calculus </li></ul><ul><li>AP Physics </li></ul><ul><li>AP Biology </li></ul>ANY Advanced Placement classes REALLY help prepare you for college and in most cases drastically help “lighten your load”. You don’t have to be a genius with the top grades to make it through engineering school, YOU JUST HAVE TO BE WILLING TO WORK HARD! What is Engineering?
  12. 12. College Advice The next 2-3 years in high school and especially the following 4-8 years in college DRASTICALLY IMPACT the quality of your adult life!!! Challenge yourself in high school/college: + Study hard to make the best grades + Diversify your activities (sports, clubs, honor societies, social) + Volunteer, tutor younger students in your strongest subjects + GET INVOLVED + CO-OP PLAY NOW or PLAY LATER <ul><ul><li>PLAY HARD in high school/college = short term gains. The rest of your financial life will suffer. Bad grades equals bad jobs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WORK HARD in high school/college = long term gains. Study/dedication to classes has long term financial gains. Good grades equals the best jobs. </li></ul></ul>What is Engineering?
  13. 13. Cooperative Education <ul><li>Typically a 5-year program with alternating periods of book learning </li></ul><ul><li>(school) and application (work, typically in industry). Fall Spring Summer </li></ul><ul><li>YR 1 S S S YR 2 W W W YR 3 S S S </li></ul><ul><li>YR 4 W W W </li></ul><ul><li>YR 5 S S S </li></ul><ul><li>(S=School, W=Work) </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Pay for your college education ($36,000/YR or more) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Gain valuable experience, real engineering work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Increase your market value at graduation (considerably) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Usually assures job offer from co-op company - Offers well deserved and beneficial break from school! </li></ul></ul>What is Engineering?
  14. 14. Summary <ul><li>Engineers have been involved in almost everything you see, touch, or rely upon </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering can be an exciting career full of opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Job market is generally good </li></ul><ul><li>Pay and benefits are among the top for the level of education </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for leadership, global travel, and benefiting </li></ul><ul><li>humankind abound </li></ul><ul><li>An engineering degree can open many doors to careers </li></ul><ul><li>in other exciting areas + Medicine (physician, surgeon, research) + Business administration + Law </li></ul><ul><li>+ PhD (research, teaching, consulting) </li></ul>What is Engineering?