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What is engineering
 

What is engineering

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What is engineering?

What is engineering?

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    What is engineering What is engineering Presentation Transcript

    • What is Engineering?
      • Engineering (According to Websters): The application of math and science by which the properties of matter and the sources of energy in nature are made useful to people.
      • Engineers APPLY math and science for the betterment of society through: - Design - Manufacturing - Research & Development - Management - Continual Improvement - Logistics
      • Above all, engineers are problem solvers who make things work better, more efficiently, quicker and cheaper.
      What is Engineering?
    • Salary Comparisons
      • Engineering is a HIGHLY regarded and relatively HIGHLY compensated career. Engineers make GREAT salaries relative to the amount of schooling required and the LIFESTYLE offered.
      • CAREER COLLEGE (yrs) *AVERAGE SALARY (2008) **FACTOR (thousands) -
      • Fast Food Cook 0 $17,620 ($ 8.47/hr) -
      • Cosmetologist 0 $26,660 ($12.82/hr) - Auto Mechanic 0 $37,540 ($18.05/hr) - Real Estate Agent 0 $54,410 ($26.16/hr) - Athletes 4 $79,460 ($38.20/hr) 20 Reporter 4 $44,030 ($21.17/hr) 11 Physical Therapy 8 $74,410 ($35.77/hr) 9 Biologist/Chemist 4 $88,450 ($42.52/hr) 22 Veterinarian (D.V.M.) 8 $89,450 ($43.00/hr) 11 Accounting/Auditors 4 $65,840 ($31.65/hr) 16 Registered Nurse 4 $65,130 ($31.31/hr) 16 Pharmacist 6 $104,260 ($50.13/hr) 17 Computer Programmer 4 $73,470 ($35.32/hr) 18 Computer Engineer 4 $87,900 ($42.26/hr) 22 Mechanical Engineer 4 $78,200 ($37.60/hr) 20 Engineering Manager 4 $182,300 ($87.64/hr) 46 Electrical Engineer 4 $85,350 ($41.03/hr) 21 Civil Engineer 4 $78,560 ($37.77/hr) 20 Chemical Engineer 4 $88,760 ($42.67/hr) 22 Petroleum Engineer 4 $119,140 ($57.28/hr) 30 Doctor (M.D.) 10 $161,490 ($77.64/hr) 16
      • Lawyer (J.D.) 6 $124,750 ($59.98/hr) 21
      * Average salaries from May 2008 Bureau of Labor Statistics web site. **Factor is average salary / years of college. Higher Factor Is Better!
    • Earning Potential vs. Minimum Wage
      • Engineers have high earning potentials over the course of their career.
      • Since 1998, engineering salaries have increased by ~55%.
      What is Engineering?
    • Engineering Disciplines
        • MAJOR DISCIPLINES:
        • Mechanical Engineering
        • Electrical Engineering
        • Chemical Engineering
        • OTHER DISCIPLINES :
        • Automotive Engineering
        • Aerospace Engineering
        • Agricultural Engineering
        • Biomedical Engineering
        • Computer Engineering
        • Civil Engineering
        • Industrial Engineering
        • Environmental Engineering
        • Materials Engineering
        • Nuclear Engineering
        • Robotics Engineering
        • Safety Engineering
      What is Engineering?
    • Mechanical Engineering
      • Perhaps the broadest of all the engineering disciplines in its range of activities
      • Concerned with design, manufacture & operation of a wide range of components, devices, or systems:
      • - microscopic parts (nanotechnology) to gigantic gears
        • - heating, ventilation, refrigeration
        • - manufacturing equipment (tanks, motors, pumps)
        • - laser technology
        • - biomedical applications
        • - automotive industry
        • - computer-aided design, automation, robotics
      What is Engineering? Design the Latest Vehicles, Boats, Robots
    • Chemical Engineering Reactions Distillation or Separation of Chemicals Heating and Cooling of Chemicals
      • Applying chemistry to the solution of practical problems
      • Chemical Engineers are responsible for:
        • Gasoline
        • Plastic
        • Energy (natural gas, oil heating, coal)
        • Adhesives
        • Clothing
        • Building Materials
      Transportation of Chemicals How Chemicals Affect Environment Filtration Safety Make Chemicals Cheaper, Faster, Better
    • Electrical Engineering
      • Apply specialized skill to the design, manufacture, application, installation, and operation of electrical products and systems.
      • Play a role in almost EVERYTHING we interact with on a daily basis. They design smaller, cheaper, and better: - cell phones - computers - power systems - appliances - robots
      What is Engineering?
    • Civil Engineering
      • Design solutions to cope with many of our planet’s most serious problems
        • - air quality issues
        • - decaying cities, roadways and bridges
        • - clogged airports and highways
        • - polluted streams, rivers and lakes
      What is Engineering?
    • Industrial Engineering
      • Stresses design, improvement, & installation of integrated systems of people, material, and equipment for the effective production of goods or services in all types of industries
        • Design data processing systems
        • Integrate activities of finance, engineering and management
        • Develop systems for planning, cost analysis, production and
      • quality of products
      What is Engineering?
    • Good Traits for Engineers
      • Enjoy solving problems
      • Like working with other people (strong teamwork skills)
      • Interested in serving human needs
      • Want to make things work better
      • Strive for continual improvement
      • Able to adapt to a changing environment
      • Good communication skills
      • Strong study skills and desire to constantly learn new things
      • Data analysis skills
      • Strong computer skills
      What is Engineering?
    • College Entrance Requirements
      • Algebra I & II
      • Trigonometry
      • Biology
      • Physics
      • Social Studies
      • Fine Arts/Humanities
      • Geometry
      • Calculus
      • Chemistry
      • English
      • Foreign Languages
      • Computer Programming
      HIGHLY RECOMMEND (not required):
      • AP Chemistry
      • AP Calculus
      • AP Physics
      • AP Biology
      ANY Advanced Placement classes REALLY help prepare you for college and in most cases drastically help “lighten your load”. You don’t have to be a genius with the top grades to make it through engineering school, YOU JUST HAVE TO BE WILLING TO WORK HARD! What is Engineering?
    • College Advice The next 2-3 years in high school and especially the following 4-8 years in college DRASTICALLY IMPACT the quality of your adult life!!! Challenge yourself in high school/college: + Study hard to make the best grades + Diversify your activities (sports, clubs, honor societies, social) + Volunteer, tutor younger students in your strongest subjects + GET INVOLVED + CO-OP PLAY NOW or PLAY LATER
        • PLAY HARD in high school/college = short term gains. The rest of your financial life will suffer. Bad grades equals bad jobs.
        • WORK HARD in high school/college = long term gains. Study/dedication to classes has long term financial gains. Good grades equals the best jobs.
      What is Engineering?
    • Cooperative Education
      • Typically a 5-year program with alternating periods of book learning
      • (school) and application (work, typically in industry). Fall Spring Summer
      • YR 1 S S S YR 2 W W W YR 3 S S S
      • YR 4 W W W
      • YR 5 S S S
      • (S=School, W=Work)
      • Benefits
        • - Pay for your college education ($36,000/YR or more)
        • - Gain valuable experience, real engineering work
        • - Increase your market value at graduation (considerably)
        • - Usually assures job offer from co-op company - Offers well deserved and beneficial break from school!
      What is Engineering?
    • Summary
      • Engineers have been involved in almost everything you see, touch, or rely upon
      • Engineering can be an exciting career full of opportunities
      • Job market is generally good
      • Pay and benefits are among the top for the level of education
      • Opportunities for leadership, global travel, and benefiting
      • humankind abound
      • An engineering degree can open many doors to careers
      • in other exciting areas + Medicine (physician, surgeon, research) + Business administration + Law
      • + PhD (research, teaching, consulting)
      What is Engineering?