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Comma usage final
 

Comma usage final

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    Comma usage final Comma usage final Presentation Transcript

    • Comma Usage Resurrection of Our Lord School Ms. M. Hudson
    • Types of Comma Usage
      • commas in a series
      • commas between independent clauses
      • (or commas with coordinating conjunctions and complete sentences)
      • commas and introductory clauses & phrases
      • commas with appositive phrases
      • commas and non-essential elements
      • commas and adjectives
      • commas and quotations
    • Commas in a Series This type of comma usage refers to a list of items, or words. Think of a grocery list.
      • Examples
      • A. Jonathan , Bess , and Stuart are best friends.
      • Mark, please remember to shut down the
      • computer , feed the dog , and iron your uniform .
      • C. I need pens , pencils , and notebooks .
    • Hey, you! The one in the red R.O.O.L. shirt! Do you understand? Let’s move on.
    • Once he realized his mistake , Mark was able to correct his answer. After the basketball game , we will attend the school dance. In 1492 , Christopher Columbus sails to the New World. Think about everything that has been taught about grammar. What do you notice about the words in the sentence? What do you notice about the placement of commas? Does anything look familiar? ANYTHING?
    • Commas Between Independent Clauses (or commas with coordinating conjunctions and complete sentences)
      • First, a clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb .
      • James Wilson works as a chemical engineer
      • his mother works as a pharmacist
      • Second, an independent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb and stand alone as a complete thought.
      • James Wilson works his mother works
      • Third, coordinating conjunctions – for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so – can join two independent clauses together to form one sentence.
      • James Wilson works as a chemical engineer, and his mother works as a pharmacist.
    • James Wilson works as a chemical engineer, and his mother works as a pharmacist. two independent clauses joined by a conjunction! Do you get it?
    • Commas and Introductory Clauses & Phrases
      • With this type of comma usage, a comma separates introductory clauses and phrases from the rest of the sentence.
      Once he realized his mistake , Mark was able to correct his answer. After the basketball game , we will attend the school dance. In 1492 , Christopher Columbus sails to the New World.
    • What have we learned so far?
      • Use commas to separate items in a series .
      • I need pens, pencils, and notebooks.
      • Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction when the conjunction joins two independent clauses together.
      • James Wilson works as a chemical engineer, and his mother works as a pharmacist.
      • Use a commas to separate introductory clauses and phrases from the rest of a sentence.
      • After the basketball game, we will attend the school dance.
    • “ Trust me. You will love the next part.”
    • POP QUIZ
    • Directions : Copy each sentence and add commas where needed.
      • If you are ill you should see a doctor.
      • The game was over but the crowd refused to leave.
      • While I was eating the cat scratched at the door.
      • I would like to meet with Joe Diane and Roy.
      • Before you leave call your mother.
    • Directions : Identify the type of comma usage.
      • If you are ill , you should see a doctor. ____________________
      • The game was over , but the crowd refused to leave. ____________________
      • While I was eating , the cat scratched at the door. ____________________
      • I would like to meet with Joe , Diane , and Roy. ____________________
      • Before you leave , call your mother. ____________________
    • Answers
      • If you are ill , you should see a doctor. commas with introductory clauses
      • The game was over , but the crowd refused to leave. commas between independent clauses
      • While I was eating , the cat scratched at the door. commas with introductory clauses
      • I would like to meet with Joe , Diane , and Roy. commas in a series
      • Before you leave , call your mother. commas with introductory clauses
    • For now, we are finished. Please review your notes.