A Resume is an individually designed document that focuses attention on those aspects of your background which are most relevant to your current employment objective. It should portray you in a positive professional manner and can open interview doors.
Your promotional brochure
Example of your communication and organizational skills.
The following are some accepted ways to present the information in your resume:
This is the most common resume style. In the Chronological format, the emphasis is placed on employment experience. The applicant’s job history is presented in reverse chronological order, with the most recent placed at the top of the list.
Advantage - It is clear and unambiguous. Presents job experience is related to the job you are applying for.
Disadvantage - may highlight your lack of experience, gaps in employment or changing careers .
The format - work objective, career highlight, work experience to date, education & specialized training.
Highlights skills, experience and accomplishments without identifying specific dates, names and places. This format is organized by functions or skills, advertising the specific qualifications that the candidate can apply to the position in question.
Advantage - there is no chronological listing of employment.
Disadvantage - employer may think you are withholding information (inexperience or a long gap in your employment history).
The format - work objective, qualifications summary, relevant skills, education & training.
This kind of Resume brings together the best of both types. It features a functional section that highlights skills, accomplishments and experiences. It also includes a chronological listing of employment, education and employment related experiences.
The format - work objective, qualification summary, relevant skills, employment history (short), education & training.
Companies now receive 80% or more of the resumes by e-mail. As a result, Electronic Resumes are fast becoming the standard for recruiters.
Electronic Resume - there are 3 basic file formats: plain text, rich text and hypertext.
Resume Website - it can be made to look exactly like a Resume should look.
Make your words count
Avoid large paragraphs (over 7 lines)
Use action verbs (past tense vs. present tense)
Keep it concise (1-2 pages)
Don’t use declarative sentences
Avoid passive constructions
Make the most of your experience
Don’t be vague
More Writing Tips…
Don’t neglect appearance
Check proper grammar
Make the resume easy on the eyes
Do not use more than two styles of bullets
Use a quality bond paper with a high cotton fiber content. The most accepted colors to use are white, off-white or a light gray.
Don’t list hobbies & interests unless they are related to the job you’re applying for.
Action Words… Abstracted Achieved Advocated Balanced Budgeted Calculated Coached Completed Delegated Delivered Developed Enforced Evaluated Employed Facilitated Followed Gained Generated Guided Handled Headed Illustrated Improved Influenced Identified Located Lectured Maintained Managed Mentored Navigated Negotiated Observed Obtained Ordered Participated Produced Promoted Questioned Received Referred Revamped Scheduled Selected Shaped Tabulated Tested Trained Updated Utilized Upgrated Won Worked Wrote
Resumes for Dummies by, Joyce Lain Kennedy
How to prepare for a Job Interview
Research the Company & the position
Products & services
Prepare for the Actual Interview
Dress professionally and comfortably:
A straight-forward business suit is best.
Be moderate with make-up and perfume.
Wear simple jewelry
Hair & fingernails should be well-groomed.
A clean, ironed shirt & conservative tie are a must.
A simple jacket or business suit.
Shoes should be polished.
Face should be clean-shaven; facial hair should be neatly trimmed.
Hair & fingernails should be well groomed.
Use cologne or after-shave sparingly.
What to Bring…
A knowledge of the company-your research.
Bring several copies of your resume with a list of references (panel interview).
Bring pen and notepad to write down any info. You may need to remember.
Do not bring
Another person, tobacco products, food or drink (including gum or candy)
Goal is to establish rapport with the interviewer and show him/her that your qualifications will benefit the company.
Goal is to screen out the unqualified candidates. Providing facts about your skills is more important than establishing rapport.
Interview Types Cont.
Screen and eliminate poorly qualified candidates so that only a few are left for personal interviews.
Anticipate the dialogue- focus on skills, experiences & accomplishments.
Keep your notes handy- resume, notes about the company.
Avoid salary issues
Push for a face to face meeting- “I am very interested in exploring the possibility of working with your company. I would appreciate an opportunity to meet with you in person so we can further discuss my opportunities.”
It’s all about you…
Tips on making a good impression
Before the interview
Get a good night’s sleep
Be on time. Be sure your vehicle has gas in it!
Be positive and try to make others feel comfortable
During the interview
Make eye contact
Listen & Reflect before answering a difficult question.
Don’t ask questions that may raise red flags.
Show you want the job.
Avoid negative body language.
It’s all about you…
Avoid signs of nervousness and tension:
Touching your mouth
Faking a cough to think about the answer to a question.
Gnawing on your lip
Folding or crossing your arms
Avoiding eye contact
Using cellular phones during the interview.
Swinging your foot or leg.
After the interview...
End the interview with a handshake and thank the interviewer for his/her time.
Send a “Thank You” letter
Follow up with a phone call if you are not contacted within a week of when the interviewer indicated you would be.
Common Job Interview Questions
“ Tell me about yourself”
Why do you want to work here?
Why did you leave your last job?
What are your best skills?
What is your major weakness?
What are your future plans?
Do you prefer to work by yourself or with others?
Questions you should ask in the interview
What are the opportunities for advancement?
How would you describe the organization’s culture/environment?
What makes your organization different from it’s competitors?
How will my performance be evaluated?
Does the position offer exposure to other facets of your organization?
Questions you shouldn’t ask during a Job Interview
What does your company do?
Can you guarantee me that I will still have a job a year from now?
How can you determine my qualifications in a short interview?
What does this company consider a good absenteeism record?
What do you mean by “relocate”?
Do I really have to work weekends?
How many holidays does the company celebrate?
Common Job Interview Mistakes
Arrive late for the interview
Slouch in your seat
One doesn’t maintain good eye-contact with the interviewer.
Brag about how good you are, but neglect to cite evidence of your accomplishments.
Badmouth your current or former employer.
Appear desperate for a job--any job.
Answer most questions with simple “yes” and “no” answers.
Give memorized responses, forgetting part in the process.
When asked “Do you have any questions?”, reply “No”.