Westminster cathedral


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Westminster cathedral

  1. 1. The venue fit for the kings and queens. T he Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, popularly known as Westminster Abbey, is a large, mainly Gothic church, in the City of Westminster, London, located just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. It is the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English, later British and later still (and currently) monarchs of the Commonwealth realms. The abbey is a Royal Peculiar and briefly held the status of a cathedral from 1540 to 1550. Between 1042 and 1052 King Edward the Confessor began rebuilding St Peters Abbey in order to provide himself with a royal burial church. It was the first church in England built in the Norman Romanesque style. It was not completed until around 1090 but was consecrated on 28 December 1065, only a week before the Confessors death on 5 January 1066 The next day he was buried in the church, and nine years later his wife Edith was buried alongside him. His Mark Joshua Animas
  2. 2. successor, Harold II, was probably crowned in the Abbey, although the firstdocumented coronation is that of William the Conqueror later the same year.[4]CORONATIONS Since thecoronations in 1066of both KingHarold and Williamthe Conqueror,coronations of Englishand British monarchswere held in theAbbey. Henry III wasunable to be crownedin London when he Coronation of Elizabeth II on June 2, 1893first came to the throne because the French prince Louis had taken control of the city, and sothe king was crowned in Gloucester Cathedral. However, this coronation wasdeemed by the Pope to be improper, and a further coronation was held in theAbbey on 17 May 1220.[ The Archbishop of Canterbury is the traditional cleric inthe coronation ceremony. King Edwards Chair (or St Edwards Chair), the throne on which Englishand British sovereigns have been seated at the moment of coronation, ishoused within the Abbey and has been used at every coronation since 1308.From 1301 to 1996 (except for a short time in 1950 when it was temporarilystolen by Scottish nationalists), the chair also housed the Stone of Scone uponwhich the kings of Scots are crowned. Although the Stone is now kept inScotland, in Edinburgh Castle, at future coronations it is intended that the Stonewill be returned to St Edwards Chair for use during the coronation ceremony.Mark Joshua Animas
  3. 3. ROYAL WEDDINGSSince 1100, there have been at least 16 royal weddings at Westminster Abbey.Only two were weddings of reigning monarchs (Henry I and Richard II), andthere were none at all for more than five centuries between 1382 and 191.11 November 1100: King Henry I of 29 November 1934: The Prince George,England was married to Matilda of Duke of Kent, son of King George V wasScotland married to Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark4 January 1243: Richard, Earl ofCornwall (later King of Germany), brother 20 November 1947: The Princess Elizabethof King Henry III of England, to Sanchia of (now Queen Elizabeth II), elder daughterProvence (his second wife). Sanchia was of King George VI was married to Thesister of Eleanor of Provence, Henry III’s Duke of Edinburgh (who was Lt Philipqueen. Mountbatten until that morning)8 July 1290: Margaret of England, 6 May 1960: The Princess Margaret,daughter of King Edward I was married to second daughter of King George VI wasJohn II, son of Duke of Brabant married to Antony Armstrong- Jones (later Earl of Snowdon)20 January 1382: King Richard II ofEngland was married to Anne of Bohemia 24 April 1963: Princess Alexandra of Kent was married to the Hon Angus Ogilvy28 February 1922: The Princess Mary,daughter of King George V was married 14 November 1973: The Princess Anne,to Viscount Lascelles only daughter of Elizabeth II was married to Captain Mark Phillips26 April 1923: The Prince Albert, Duke ofYork (later King George VI), second son of 23 July 1986: The Prince Andrew, Duke ofKing George V was married to Lady York, second son of Elizabeth II, wasElizabeth Bowes-Lyon (later to married to Miss Sarah Fergusonbecome Queen Elizabeth The QueenMother) 29 April 2011: Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, grandson of Elizabeth II, was married to Miss Catherine MiddletonMark Joshua Animas
  4. 4. TODAYIn June 2009 the first major building work at the Abbey for 250 years was proposed.A corona—a crown-like architectural feature—was intended to be built aroundthe lantern over the central crossing, replacing an existing pyramidal structure dating fromthe 1950s. This was part of a wider £23m development of the Abbey expected to becompleted in 2013. On 4 August 2010 the Dean and Chapter announced that, "After aconsiderable amount of preliminary and exploratory work", efforts toward the construction ofa corona would not be continued.GalleryMark Joshua Animas