Preparing For The Cahsee Punctuation


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Preparing For The Cahsee Punctuation

  1. 1. CAHSEE PREP An LBG PowerPoint
  2. 2. To Pass You Need 66% Out of every three questions you only need to get two right
  3. 3. Tactics <ul><li>Each multiple choice question has 4 choices. </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate 2 = a 50% chance of getting it right </li></ul><ul><li>[1 out of 3 right] + [ a 50/50 guess at the other 2] = [ 2 out of 3] = PASS </li></ul>
  4. 4. Remember <ul><li>Take your TIME… Ask for Extra Time! </li></ul><ul><li>Stay Calm … Stay Focused! </li></ul><ul><li>Answer Every Question </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate at least 2 Wrong Answers </li></ul><ul><li>Go with Your Gut (Read them out loud) </li></ul><ul><li>Then … </li></ul>
  5. 5. Stay Calm, Stay Focused … Take Your Time … Take Extra Time! <ul><li>You WILL pass!  </li></ul>
  6. 6. STRATEGY TO PASS: Eliminate the Wrong Answers & Make an Educated Guess! <ul><li>Answer EVERY Question </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate wrong answers - You do not lose points for guessing </li></ul><ul><li>TRUST YOUR EARS! If it doesn’t sound right – it probably isn’t! Eliminate it! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Breakdown <ul><li>45 points = Reading passage questions </li></ul><ul><li>15 points = Writing Conventions </li></ul><ul><li>12 points = Writing Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>18 points = Writing a short essay </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Facts <ul><li>TOTAL POINTS: </li></ul><ul><li>CAHSEE ENGLISH TEST </li></ul><ul><li>Entire section = 90 points </li></ul><ul><li>NUMBER NEEDED: </li></ul><ul><li>to PASS = 59 points </li></ul><ul><li>66% Correct and “You have done it!” </li></ul>
  9. 9. FORMAT <ul><li>SENTENCE QUESTIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grammar - Multiple Choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sentence Structure – Fill in the Blank or Choose the Best Version for the underlined part of the sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ESSAY REVISIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rough Drafts – Sentence revision or reading comprehension </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ESSAY – WRITING TASK </li></ul>
  10. 10. Rule #1: If it sounds wrong, it probably is wrong. Rule #2: Identify the Concept being tested… or WHAT KIND OF QUESTION IS IT?
  11. 11. Focus on the Answer Choices <ul><li>Sentence Questions #1: Fill in the Blank Pronouns, Adjectives, Contractions, Diction </li></ul><ul><li>Sentence Questions #2: Underlined/Replace? Verbs, Punctuation, Quotations, Parallelism, Modifiers </li></ul>
  12. 12. Writing Conventions <ul><li>1.2 Understand sentence construction (e.g., parallel structure, subordination, proper placement of modifiers) and proper English usage (e.g., consistency of verb tenses). </li></ul><ul><li>1.1 Identify and correctly use clauses (e.g., main and subordinate), phrases (e.g., gerund, infinitive, and participial), and mechanics of punctuation (e.g., semicolons, colons, ellipses, hyphens). </li></ul><ul><li>1.3 Demonstrate an understanding of proper English usage and control of grammar, paragraph and sentence structure, diction, and syntax. </li></ul>
  13. 13. PUNCTUATION <ul><li>Punctuation questions involve answer choices using different kinds of punctuation marks. COMMAS - - > , Commas indicate short pauses between separate parts of a sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>PERIODS - - > . Periods indicate the ends of complete sentences. SEMICOLONS - - > ; Semicolons separate two complete sentences, just like periods. </li></ul><ul><li>COLONS - - > : Colons introduce lists of things. </li></ul>
  14. 14. COMMAS = , <ul><li>Commas = indicates short pauses between separate parts of a sentence . </li></ul><ul><li>Questions that involve ONLY COMMAS and where they belong  place each of the answer choices into the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>READ EACH SENTENCE WITH A PAUSE in place of the comma. </li></ul><ul><li>ASK YOURSELF: Which answer sounds wrong? </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate the answers that sound wrong. </li></ul>
  15. 15. , <ul><li>Commas … indicate pauses </li></ul>
  16. 16. Commas <ul><li>WRONG WAY : </li></ul><ul><li>*Juan liked Jessica, he loved flaming hot Cheetos. </li></ul><ul><li>*Juan, liked Jessica, and he loved flaming hot Cheetos. </li></ul><ul><li>RIGHT WAY: </li></ul><ul><li>*Juan liked Jessica, and he loved flaming hot Cheetos. </li></ul><ul><li>*Juan, the flaming hot Cheetos -lover, liked Jessica. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Remember…
  18. 18. Semi-Colons… marry two complete sentences <ul><li>Semi-colon = separates two complete independent CLAUSES. </li></ul><ul><li>If both clauses can be separate sentences with PERIODS, you can use a semi-colon. </li></ul>
  19. 19. So marry them… <ul><li>WRONG WAY: </li></ul><ul><li>*Juan and Jessica; they got married. </li></ul><ul><li>RIGHT WAY: </li></ul><ul><li>* Juan loved Jessica; they ate flaming hot cheetos at their wedding . </li></ul><ul><li>Juan loved Jessica. They ate flaming hot cheetos at their wedding. </li></ul>
  20. 20. ElimiDate <ul><ul><li>TIP: When you see a question about a semicolon, change the semicolon to a PERIOD and CAPITALIZE the word that comes after it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ASK YOURSELF: Are both parts of the answer choice COMPLETE SENTENCES? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If not, eliminate that choice – it’s wrong. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Colons say… <ul><li>“ Hey! There’s a list….” </li></ul>
  22. 22. Ask yourself  Is there a list? Where does it begin? <ul><li>Wrong Way: </li></ul><ul><li>* Juan liked music: video games, the Dodgers, and flaming hot cheetos </li></ul><ul><li>*Juan liked music and video games: the Dodgers and flaming hot cheetos </li></ul><ul><li>Right Way: </li></ul><ul><li>* Juan was passionate about four things: music, video games, Dodgers and flaming hot cheetos </li></ul>
  23. 23. Periods . <ul><li>Periods = </li></ul><ul><li>signals the end of a sentence. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Periods prevent run-on sentences! <ul><li>Wrong Way: </li></ul><ul><li>* Juan liked Jessica he loved flaming hot cheetos he loved life he thought it would be lovely if he and Jessica could have a life. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Periods make a sentence perfect <ul><li>Right Way: </li></ul><ul><li>*Juan liked Jessica. He loved flaming hot cheetos. </li></ul><ul><li>*Juan liked Jessica, and he loved flaming hot cheetos. </li></ul><ul><li>*Juan liked Jessica; he loved flaming hot cheetos. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Ellipsis = . . . <ul><li>Shows one or more words have been eliminated from a quotation </li></ul><ul><li>Shows a pause </li></ul><ul><li>Shows if a omission occurs at the end of an sentence </li></ul>
  27. 27. Only 3 dots … <ul><li>Right Way </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ernest Hemingway was fond of flaming hot Cheetos … he demonstrated this by including them in many of his writings.” </li></ul>
  28. 28. Quotations Hug  “  ” <ul><li>Rule #1: Punctuation marks at the end of a sentence go inside the quotation marks. (The Quotes HUG) </li></ul><ul><li>Quotation Marks show that someone has spoken. </li></ul><ul><li>Rule #2: The comma before the quote always goes before the quotation mark. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Joe said , “My way is the best way.” </li></ul>
  29. 29. Quotation Marks  Outside Huggers
  30. 30. Use 1 ‘ quote’ or 2 “quotes” <ul><li>Rule #3: Single Quotation marks are only used for quotations inside another quotation. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ quote’ = a quote within a quote. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Jessie said, “Eating flaming hot Cheetos while taking the CAHSEE, is ‘a big mistake’ and I listened to him!” </li></ul>
  31. 31. Parallelism matches words up
  32. 32. Parallelism <ul><li>Rule #1: Words in a sentence that have the same function must be in the same form. </li></ul><ul><li>Tip: Lists of VERBS in DIFFERENT FORMS (Tenses) which means that they should have the same endings. </li></ul><ul><li>In other words, pick the matching ending </li></ul>
  33. 33. Are they a match?? <ul><li>Step 1: Check the question, look at the answers. </li></ul><ul><li>*What is underlined? </li></ul><ul><li>*Are they asking about commas? </li></ul><ul><li>*Are they asking about parallelism? </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Eliminate answer choices that have verbs with different endings. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Tips <ul><li>1.) Skim the question and look for the words AND or OR … check on each side of those words to see whether the items that are matching are identical triplets. </li></ul><ul><li>2.) If they are not look for the answer that makes them identical. </li></ul><ul><li>3.) If there are several items in a list put them in a column and see if they are alike or parallel </li></ul><ul><li>4.) Read it to yourself are there words that make the same sound? i.e. Racing, skiing, boating, cooking </li></ul>
  35. 35. Let’s Try It! <ul><li>greeting a customer, escort them to a table and offer a beverage </li></ul><ul><li>to greet customers, escorting them to tables and offering them a beverage. </li></ul><ul><li>to greet customers, escorting them to a table, and to offer a beverage. </li></ul><ul><li>greeting customers, escorting them to a table and offering beverages. </li></ul>
  36. 36. And the correct answer is… <ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>greeting customers, escorting them to a table and offering beverages to them. </li></ul>
  37. 37. So now you can say… <ul><li>Work on practice problems </li></ul>