Preparing For The Cahsee   Punctuation
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Preparing For The Cahsee Punctuation

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Preparing For The Cahsee Punctuation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. CAHSEE PREP An LBG PowerPoint
  • 2. To Pass You Need 66% Out of every three questions you only need to get two right
  • 3. Tactics
    • Each multiple choice question has 4 choices.
    • Eliminate 2 = a 50% chance of getting it right
    • [1 out of 3 right] + [ a 50/50 guess at the other 2] = [ 2 out of 3] = PASS
  • 4. Remember
    • Take your TIME… Ask for Extra Time!
    • Stay Calm … Stay Focused!
    • Answer Every Question
    • Eliminate at least 2 Wrong Answers
    • Go with Your Gut (Read them out loud)
    • Then …
  • 5. Stay Calm, Stay Focused … Take Your Time … Take Extra Time!
    • You WILL pass! 
  • 6. STRATEGY TO PASS: Eliminate the Wrong Answers & Make an Educated Guess!
    • Answer EVERY Question
    • Eliminate wrong answers - You do not lose points for guessing
    • TRUST YOUR EARS! If it doesn’t sound right – it probably isn’t! Eliminate it!
  • 7. Breakdown
    • 45 points = Reading passage questions
    • 15 points = Writing Conventions
    • 12 points = Writing Strategies
    • 18 points = Writing a short essay
  • 8. The Facts
    • TOTAL POINTS:
    • CAHSEE ENGLISH TEST
    • Entire section = 90 points
    • NUMBER NEEDED:
    • to PASS = 59 points
    • 66% Correct and “You have done it!”
  • 9. FORMAT
    • SENTENCE QUESTIONS
      • Grammar - Multiple Choice
      • Sentence Structure – Fill in the Blank or Choose the Best Version for the underlined part of the sentence
    • ESSAY REVISIONS
      • Rough Drafts – Sentence revision or reading comprehension
    • ESSAY – WRITING TASK
  • 10. Rule #1: If it sounds wrong, it probably is wrong. Rule #2: Identify the Concept being tested… or WHAT KIND OF QUESTION IS IT?
  • 11. Focus on the Answer Choices
    • Sentence Questions #1: Fill in the Blank Pronouns, Adjectives, Contractions, Diction
    • Sentence Questions #2: Underlined/Replace? Verbs, Punctuation, Quotations, Parallelism, Modifiers
  • 12. Writing Conventions
    • 1.2 Understand sentence construction (e.g., parallel structure, subordination, proper placement of modifiers) and proper English usage (e.g., consistency of verb tenses).
    • 1.1 Identify and correctly use clauses (e.g., main and subordinate), phrases (e.g., gerund, infinitive, and participial), and mechanics of punctuation (e.g., semicolons, colons, ellipses, hyphens).
    • 1.3 Demonstrate an understanding of proper English usage and control of grammar, paragraph and sentence structure, diction, and syntax.
  • 13. PUNCTUATION
    • Punctuation questions involve answer choices using different kinds of punctuation marks. COMMAS - - > , Commas indicate short pauses between separate parts of a sentence.
    • PERIODS - - > . Periods indicate the ends of complete sentences. SEMICOLONS - - > ; Semicolons separate two complete sentences, just like periods.
    • COLONS - - > : Colons introduce lists of things.
  • 14. COMMAS = ,
    • Commas = indicates short pauses between separate parts of a sentence .
    • Questions that involve ONLY COMMAS and where they belong  place each of the answer choices into the sentence.
    • READ EACH SENTENCE WITH A PAUSE in place of the comma.
    • ASK YOURSELF: Which answer sounds wrong?
    • Eliminate the answers that sound wrong.
  • 15. ,
    • Commas … indicate pauses
  • 16. Commas
    • WRONG WAY :
    • *Juan liked Jessica, he loved flaming hot Cheetos.
    • *Juan, liked Jessica, and he loved flaming hot Cheetos.
    • RIGHT WAY:
    • *Juan liked Jessica, and he loved flaming hot Cheetos.
    • *Juan, the flaming hot Cheetos -lover, liked Jessica.
  • 17. Remember…
  • 18. Semi-Colons… marry two complete sentences
    • Semi-colon = separates two complete independent CLAUSES.
    • If both clauses can be separate sentences with PERIODS, you can use a semi-colon.
  • 19. So marry them…
    • WRONG WAY:
    • *Juan and Jessica; they got married.
    • RIGHT WAY:
    • * Juan loved Jessica; they ate flaming hot cheetos at their wedding .
    • Juan loved Jessica. They ate flaming hot cheetos at their wedding.
  • 20. ElimiDate
      • TIP: When you see a question about a semicolon, change the semicolon to a PERIOD and CAPITALIZE the word that comes after it.
      • ASK YOURSELF: Are both parts of the answer choice COMPLETE SENTENCES?
      • If not, eliminate that choice – it’s wrong.
  • 21. Colons say…
    • “ Hey! There’s a list….”
  • 22. Ask yourself  Is there a list? Where does it begin?
    • Wrong Way:
    • * Juan liked music: video games, the Dodgers, and flaming hot cheetos
    • *Juan liked music and video games: the Dodgers and flaming hot cheetos
    • Right Way:
    • * Juan was passionate about four things: music, video games, Dodgers and flaming hot cheetos
  • 23. Periods .
    • Periods =
    • signals the end of a sentence.
  • 24. Periods prevent run-on sentences!
    • Wrong Way:
    • * Juan liked Jessica he loved flaming hot cheetos he loved life he thought it would be lovely if he and Jessica could have a life.
  • 25. Periods make a sentence perfect
    • Right Way:
    • *Juan liked Jessica. He loved flaming hot cheetos.
    • *Juan liked Jessica, and he loved flaming hot cheetos.
    • *Juan liked Jessica; he loved flaming hot cheetos.
  • 26. Ellipsis = . . .
    • Shows one or more words have been eliminated from a quotation
    • Shows a pause
    • Shows if a omission occurs at the end of an sentence
  • 27. Only 3 dots …
    • Right Way
    • “ Ernest Hemingway was fond of flaming hot Cheetos … he demonstrated this by including them in many of his writings.”
  • 28. Quotations Hug  “  ”
    • Rule #1: Punctuation marks at the end of a sentence go inside the quotation marks. (The Quotes HUG)
    • Quotation Marks show that someone has spoken.
    • Rule #2: The comma before the quote always goes before the quotation mark.
    • Example:
    • Joe said , “My way is the best way.”
  • 29. Quotation Marks  Outside Huggers
  • 30. Use 1 ‘ quote’ or 2 “quotes”
    • Rule #3: Single Quotation marks are only used for quotations inside another quotation.
    • ‘ quote’ = a quote within a quote.
    • Example:
    • Jessie said, “Eating flaming hot Cheetos while taking the CAHSEE, is ‘a big mistake’ and I listened to him!”
  • 31. Parallelism matches words up
  • 32. Parallelism
    • Rule #1: Words in a sentence that have the same function must be in the same form.
    • Tip: Lists of VERBS in DIFFERENT FORMS (Tenses) which means that they should have the same endings.
    • In other words, pick the matching ending
  • 33. Are they a match??
    • Step 1: Check the question, look at the answers.
    • *What is underlined?
    • *Are they asking about commas?
    • *Are they asking about parallelism?
    • Step 2: Eliminate answer choices that have verbs with different endings.
  • 34. Tips
    • 1.) Skim the question and look for the words AND or OR … check on each side of those words to see whether the items that are matching are identical triplets.
    • 2.) If they are not look for the answer that makes them identical.
    • 3.) If there are several items in a list put them in a column and see if they are alike or parallel
    • 4.) Read it to yourself are there words that make the same sound? i.e. Racing, skiing, boating, cooking
  • 35. Let’s Try It!
    • greeting a customer, escort them to a table and offer a beverage
    • to greet customers, escorting them to tables and offering them a beverage.
    • to greet customers, escorting them to a table, and to offer a beverage.
    • greeting customers, escorting them to a table and offering beverages.
  • 36. And the correct answer is…
    • D
    • greeting customers, escorting them to a table and offering beverages to them.
  • 37. So now you can say…
    • Work on practice problems