Figurative language pp


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Figurative language pp

  1. 1. A Language Presentation <ul><li>Sit back </li></ul>Joyet 2004 <ul><li>Relax </li></ul><ul><li>Absorb </li></ul>You can take notes the second time around.
  2. 2. Language Types <ul><li>We’re going to look at two types of language: </li></ul>Joyet 2004 figurative language and literal language
  3. 3. Figurative vs. Literal <ul><li>To understand </li></ul>Joyet 2004 figurative language figurative one has to understand the difference between and literal
  4. 4. More on Literal <ul><ul><li>My meaning is exactly what I say. </li></ul></ul>Joyet 2004 To be literal is to mean what you say. For example: If I tell you to sit down! I mean it literally : “sit down,” as in: “sit in your seat now, please.”
  5. 5. and more on Literal <ul><li>I mean exactly what I say. </li></ul>Joyet 2004 Here’s another example. I’m tired and going home. This means “I’m tired and I’m going home” there is no other meaning other than what is said.
  6. 6. 2 nd Figurative <ul><ul><li>I’m not suggesting we get into the freezer. </li></ul></ul>Joyet 2004 To be figurative is to not mean what you say but imply something else. For example: If, I tell you: “ let’s go chill !”
  7. 7. Figurative continued <ul><ul><li>It has nothing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to do with temperature. </li></ul></ul>Joyet 2004 “ let’s go chill ” … … means let’s relax together and do something fun.
  8. 8. Figurative vs. Literal <ul><li>Confused? </li></ul><ul><li>Think of it this way: </li></ul><ul><li>Literal as real </li></ul><ul><li>Figurative as imaginary </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  9. 9. Why Figurative Language? <ul><li>Also known as descriptive language, or poetic language, figurative language helps the writer paint a picture in the reader’s mind. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  10. 10. Why Figurative Language? <ul><li>You know descriptive, that’s when you describe something. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  11. 11. Why Figurative Language? <ul><li>Poetic language, that’s what poets do. </li></ul><ul><li>Figurative language helps paint a picture in the reader’s mind. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  12. 12. Again: Figurative Language <ul><li>Figurative Language does not always mean what is being said or read, but serves to make it more interesting. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  13. 13. Seven Techniques of Figurative Language <ul><li>There are seven techniques that we’re going to look at, and yes, you’ll need to learn all seven. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  14. 14. Seven Techniques of Figurative Language <ul><li>You will need to: </li></ul><ul><li>understand them </li></ul><ul><li>identify them </li></ul><ul><li>use them in your writing </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  15. 15. <ul><li>The seven techniques you need to know: </li></ul><ul><li>onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>simile </li></ul>Seven Techniques of Figurative Language Joyet 2004 <ul><li>metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>personification </li></ul><ul><li>idiom </li></ul><ul><li>hyperbole </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Let’s look at the techniques one at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>So here we go. </li></ul><ul><li>Hold onto your seats. </li></ul>Seven Techniques of Figurative Language Joyet 2004
  17. 17. Onomatopoeia <ul><li>Examples of the onomatopoeia : </li></ul><ul><li>Bang, went the gun! </li></ul><ul><li>Swoosh went the basketball </li></ul><ul><li>through the hoop. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  18. 18. Onomatopoeia <ul><ul><li>The formation or use of words such as buzz , murmur or boo that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to. </li></ul></ul>Joyet 2004
  19. 19. Onomatopoeia in practice <ul><li>Onomatopoeia is the use of words whose sounds make you think of their meanings.  </li></ul><ul><li>For example; buzz, thump, pop . </li></ul><ul><li>Many comic strips use onomatopoeia.  </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  20. 20. Onomatopoeia Joyet 2004
  21. 21. Alliteration <ul><li>A poetic device which repeats the same beginning sound for effect. Examples of Alliteration: </li></ul><ul><li>   S ally S ells S eashells By The S ea S hore </li></ul><ul><li>   R olling, R acing, R oaring, R apids             </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  22. 22. Alliteration <ul><li>Alliteration is a sentence or phrase that begins with the same letter and sound.  Tongue twisters are generally alliterations. </li></ul><ul><li> For example:  busy batters bat baseballs by bases. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  23. 23. Alliteration <ul><li>Alliteration is the repetition of the beginning sounds in two or more words. Remember alliteration as a tongue twister, such as: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.&quot; </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  24. 24. Simile <ul><li>Examples of similes: </li></ul><ul><li>She is like a rainy day. </li></ul><ul><li>He is as busy as a bee. </li></ul><ul><li>They are like two peas in a pod. </li></ul>Joyet 2004 A simile is a figurative language technique where a comparison is made using like or as .
  25. 25. Simile <ul><li>A figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are compared, often in a phrase introduced by like or as, as in: “ How like the winter hath my absence been ” or “ So are you to my thoughts as food to life ” (Shakespeare). </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  26. 26. Complete your custom simile <ul><li>The cat was as scary as a ____. </li></ul><ul><li>The night is like a ____. </li></ul><ul><li>The moon is like a ____ </li></ul><ul><li>The scarecrow was as scary a ____. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  27. 27. Metaphor <ul><li>A poetic comparison that does not use the words like or as. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of metaphors: </li></ul><ul><li>She is a graceful swan. </li></ul><ul><li>He is a golden god. </li></ul><ul><li>They are honey from the honeycomb. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  28. 28. Metaphor <ul><li>A figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another, thus making an implicit comparison, as in “a sea of troubles” or “All the world's a stage” (Shakespeare). </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  29. 29. <ul><li>Brian was a wall, bouncing every </li></ul><ul><li>tennis ball back over the net. </li></ul><ul><li>This metaphor compares Brian to a wall because __________. </li></ul><ul><li>a. He was very strong. b. He was very tall. c. He kept returning the balls. d. His body was made of cells. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  30. 30. <ul><li>We would have had more pizza to eat if </li></ul><ul><li>Tammy hadn’t been such a hog. </li></ul><ul><li>Tammy was being compared to a hog because she __________. </li></ul><ul><li>a. looked like a hog b. ate like a hog c. smelled like a hog d. was as smart as a hog </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  31. 31. <ul><li>Cindy was such a mule. We couldn’t </li></ul><ul><li>get her to change her mind. </li></ul><ul><li>The metaphor compares Cindy to a mule because she was __________. </li></ul><ul><li> a. always eating oats b. able to do hard work c. raised on a farm d. very stubborn </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  32. 32. <ul><li>The poor rat didn’t have a chance. Our old cat, a bolt of lightning, caught his prey. </li></ul><ul><li>The cat was compared to a bolt of lightning because he was _______. </li></ul><ul><li>a. very fast b. very bright </li></ul><ul><li>c. not fond of fleas d. very old </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  33. 33. <ul><li>Even a child could carry my dog, </li></ul><ul><li>Dogface, around for hours. He’s </li></ul><ul><li>such a feather. </li></ul><ul><li>This metaphor implies that Dogface: </li></ul><ul><li>a. is not cute b. looks like a bird </li></ul><ul><li>c. is not heavy d. can fly </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  34. 34. Personification Joyet 2004 Personification is a figurative language technique in which human characteristics are given to nonhuman things.
  35. 35. Personification <ul><li>The leaves danced in the wind </li></ul>Joyet 2004 Example of personification: The heat ripped the breath from her lungs.
  36. 36. Personification <ul><li>A figure of speech in which inanimate objects or abstractions (things that are not human) are endowed with human qualities or are represented as possessing human form. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  37. 37. Personification <ul><li>Examples of Personification : </li></ul><ul><li>Hunger sat shivering on the road </li></ul><ul><li>Flowers danced about the lawn. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  38. 38. Personification <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>The sleeping water reflected the evening sky. </li></ul><ul><li>Humidity breathed in the girl's face and ran its greasy fingers through her hair. </li></ul><ul><li>The tree arrested the oncoming car. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  39. 39. Idiom <ul><li>An idiom is a figurative language technique that does not mean what is being said. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  40. 40. Idiom <ul><li>Remember what literal means? This is the opposite. </li></ul><ul><li>Think about it. When you tell your hommie “ chill ,” are you suggesting they walk into a freezer? No. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  41. 41. Idiom <ul><li>The expression “chill,” is an idiom that means: relax, take it easy or don’t worry. There are tons of idioms. I’m sure you use several all the time, without thinking about it. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  42. 42. Idiom <ul><li> An idiom is a speech form or an expression of a given language that is peculiar to itself grammatically or cannot be understood from the individual meanings of its elements . </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  43. 43. Idiom <ul><li>Idioms are known as regional speech, dialect, slang, jargon, or legal idiom. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  44. 44. Idiom <ul><li>Dude! </li></ul><ul><li>I can’t understand the idiom all by itself. It takes reference. </li></ul><ul><li>Like I need to know how whacked you want to get before I can think of tangling with you. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  45. 45. Idioms <ul><li>More examples of idioms : </li></ul><ul><li>Mommy says: “Daddy is a little pigeon toad.” </li></ul><ul><li>We were chewing the fat. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s raining cats and dogs. </li></ul><ul><li>She’s as sharp as a tack. </li></ul><ul><li>I wish he would kick the bucket. </li></ul>Joyet 2004
  46. 46. Hyperbole Joyet 2004 <ul><li>Is when one exaggerates. </li></ul><ul><li>We use hyperbole all the time when we want to impress or stress. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Hyperbole <ul><li>“ He never speaks to her.” </li></ul><ul><li>Never? That is a very long time. </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperbole means to exaggerates. </li></ul>Joyet 2004 Take for example:
  48. 48. Hyperbole <ul><li>We have a ton of work. </li></ul><ul><li>A ton is a lot of work. A ton is also a thousand pounds. </li></ul>Joyet 2004 Hyperbole example:
  49. 49. Hyperbole <ul><li>I ate a thousand pounds of pasta. </li></ul><ul><li>A thousand pounds is also known as a ton, this person must be really obese. </li></ul>Joyet 2004 Hyperbole example:
  50. 50. Hyperbole <ul><li>I told you a million times. </li></ul><ul><li>I don’t mind repeating myself, but a million times? That’s a lot. </li></ul>Joyet 2004 Hyperbole example:
  51. 51. We’ve looked at <ul><li>Literal vs. Figurative </li></ul>Joyet 2004 Remember: Real vs. Imaginary
  52. 52. We’ve looked at <ul><li>Seven Figurative Language. techniques: </li></ul><ul><li>onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>simile </li></ul>Joyet 2004 <ul><li>metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>personification </li></ul><ul><li>idiom </li></ul><ul><li>hyperbole </li></ul>
  53. 53. State Content Standards for 9 th and 10 th Narrative Analysis of Grade-Level-Appropriate Text 3.7 Recognize and understand the significance of various literary devices, including figurative language, imagery, allegory, and symbolism, and explain their appeal. Joyet 2004
  54. 54. This Power Point was created by Mr. Stéphane Joyet for 9 th and 10 th grade English. Pre-set for continuous loop. Press escape to stop. Feel free to copy, use and circulate liberally. FIN Joyet 2004