verb is a word that expresses action or
state of being.
• Transitive verbs show action and are always
followed by a direct object to receive the action.
Example: Scientist invented the transistor in 1947.
• An intransitive verb is an action that is complete in
itself and does not need an object
Example: Telecasts for the public began in 1939.
that describe a “state of being” ; they
LINK the subject to a noun or adjective
verbs describe how someone or
something is (or tastes, feels, looks, and
She is pretty. Her hair smells nice.
known as “helping” verbs
are used to create perfect tenses
and the passive voice
words like: is, am, are ; did,
does, has ; was, were, be ; have, had,
(something that is happening)
• I dance.
(something that has already happened)
• I danced.
tense (something that will happen)
• I will dance.
• She has danced. I have danced.
• I had danced.
• I will have danced.
subject is doing the action
• Most people send more e-mail than paper mail.
subject of the verb is being acted
• Chess and other games are played across the
The mood of a verb determines the tone or attitude.
to state a fact or ask a question
• Angela intends to continue to work at the animal
to give a command
• Angela, be ready for difficult cases.
to express a condition contrary to
fact or highly doubtful, a wish, a possibility,
a suggestion, or a necessity
• If I were you, I would apply for a scholarship.
• Tiffany wishes she had friends to binge watch
Netflix with her.
Undercover verbs; they can be used as other parts of speech.
adding –ing to the end of some verbs
they can be used as nouns
• Swimming is my favorite pastime. (subject)
• I began swimming at the age of six months.
verbs are usually introduced by “to”
and may be used as a noun, adjective, or
• Many people find it easy to swim. (adv. for adj.)
• To swim the English Channel must be a thrill.
• The urge to swim in tropical waters is more
ending in –ing or –ed that act as
• The workers raking leaves are tired and hungry.
• The bags full of raked leaves are evidence of their