Daily Grammar - Verbs
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  • 1. Action! Action! Action!
  • 2. A verb is a word that expresses action or state of being.
  • 3.  Indicate action  Transitive vs. Intransitive • Transitive verbs show action and are always followed by a direct object to receive the action.  Example: Scientist invented the transistor in 1947. • An intransitive verb is an action that is complete in itself and does not need an object  Example: Telecasts for the public began in 1939.
  • 4.  Verbs that describe a “state of being” ; they LINK the subject to a noun or adjective  These verbs describe how someone or something is (or tastes, feels, looks, and so forth).  Ex: She is pretty. Her hair smells nice.
  • 5.  Also known as “helping” verbs  These are used to create perfect tenses and the passive voice  Including words like: is, am, are ; did, does, has ; was, were, be ; have, had, should
  • 6. Tenses indicate time.
  • 7.  Present (something that is happening) • I dance.  Past (something that has already happened) • I danced.  Future tense (something that will happen) • I will dance.
  • 8.  Present Perfect • She has danced. I have danced.  Past Perfect • I had danced.  Future Perfect • I will have danced.
  • 9.  The subject is doing the action  Example • Most people send more e-mail than paper mail.
  • 10.  The subject of the verb is being acted upon  Example • Chess and other games are played across the Net.
  • 11. The mood of a verb determines the tone or attitude.
  • 12.  Used to state a fact or ask a question  Example • Angela intends to continue to work at the animal shelter.
  • 13.  Used to give a command  Example • Angela, be ready for difficult cases.
  • 14.  Used to express a condition contrary to fact or highly doubtful, a wish, a possibility, a suggestion, or a necessity  Examples • If I were you, I would apply for a scholarship. • Tiffany wishes she had friends to binge watch Netflix with her.
  • 15. Undercover verbs; they can be used as other parts of speech.
  • 16. adding –ing to the end of some verbs they can be used as nouns  By  Examples: • Swimming is my favorite pastime. (subject) • I began swimming at the age of six months. (direct object)
  • 17.  These verbs are usually introduced by “to” and may be used as a noun, adjective, or adverb  Examples: • Many people find it easy to swim. (adv. for adj.) • To swim the English Channel must be a thrill. (noun). • The urge to swim in tropical waters is more common. (adj.)
  • 18. ending in –ing or –ed that act as adjectives  Verbs  Examples: • The workers raking leaves are tired and hungry. • The bags full of raked leaves are evidence of their hard work.