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Interim 1 review sci
 

Interim 1 review sci

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    Interim 1 review sci Interim 1 review sci Presentation Transcript

    • INTERIM 1 REVIEW By- Ms. Caruso
    • Question 1
      • A rock is generally made up of a mixture of ______________.
    • Answer 1
      • A rock is generally made up of a mixture of minerals and other materials
    • Question 2
      • A rock that contains a metal or economically useful mineral is called an ______________
    • Answer 2
      • A rock that contains a metal or economically useful mineral is called an ore
    • Question 3
      • A rock’s texture refers to the __________, ______________, and _____________ of the rock’s mineral grains.
    • Answer 3
      • A rock’s texture refers to the Size, shape , and pattern of the rock’s mineral grains.
    • Question 4
      • When all the grains are small and difficult to see the rock has a _________ texture.
    • Answer 4
      • When all the grains are small and difficult to see the rock has a Fine texture.
    • Question 5
      • When all the grains are so small they cannot be seen even with a microscope the rock has a _____________ texture.
    • Answer 5
      • When all the grains are so small they cannot be seen even with a microscope the rock has a glassy texture.
    • Question 6
      • When all the grains are large and easy to see the rock has a _______ texture.
    • Answer 6
      • When all the grains are large and easy to see the rock has a coarse texture.
    • Question 7
      • Igneous rock that formed from lava that cools on the surface is called __________ igneous rock.
    • Answer 7
      • Igneous rock that formed from lava that cools on the surface is called extrusive igneous rock.
    • Question 8
      • Rock that forms from the cooling of magma or lava is called _____________ rock.
    • Answer 8
      • Rock that forms from the cooling of magma or lava is called igneous rock.
    • Question 9
      • Igneous rock that formed from magma cooling below the surface is called _____________ igneous rock.
    • Answer 9
      • Igneous rock that formed from magma cooling below the surface is called intrusive igneous rock.
    • Question 10
      • An igneous rock that has a course grain texture like granite, would be an __________________ igneous rock.
    • Answer 10
      • An igneous rock that has a course grain texture like granite, would be an intrusive igneous rock.
    • Question 11
      • An igneous rock that has a fine grain texture like basalt would be an ________ igneous rock.
    • Answer 11
      • An igneous rock that has a fine grain texture like basalt would be an extrusive igneous rock.
    • Question 12
      • What is the most abundant intrusive igneous rock? Extrusive?
    • Answer 12
      • What is the most abundant intrusive igneous rock? Extrusive?
      • Granite, Basalt
    • Question 13
      • Where do metamorphic rocks form?
    • Answer 13
      • Where do metamorphic rocks form?
      • Deep underground
    • Question 14
      • ___________ and __________ deep beneath the Earth’s surface can change any rock into a metamorphic rock.
    • Answer 14
      • Heat and pressure deep beneath the Earth’s surface can change any rock into a metamorphic rock.
    • Question 15
      • A _______________ metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged into layers and split easily.
    • Answer 15
      • A foliated metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged into layers and split easily.
    • Question 16
      • A ___________________ metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged randomly and do NOT split into layers.
    • Answer 16
      • A nonfoliated metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged randomly and do NOT split into layers.
    • Question 17
      • A type of sedimentary rock formed when rock fragments are squeezed together is called _______________.
    • Answer 17
      • A type of sedimentary rock formed when rock fragments are squeezed together is called clastic .
    • Question 18
      • The process in which dissolved minerals crystallize (harden) and glue particles of sediment together is called ___________.
    • Answer 18
      • The process in which dissolved minerals crystallize (harden) and glue particles of sediment together is called cementation .
    • Question 19
      • __________________ is the process by which rocks are broken into smaller pieces.
    • Answer 19
      • Weathering is the process by which rocks are broken into smaller pieces.
    • Question 20
      • When rocks are weathered, the smaller pieces of rocks are called ___________________.
    • Answer 20
      • When rocks are weathered, the smaller pieces of rocks are called sediments .
    • Question 21
      • ______________ is the process by which sediments are pressed together in layers.
    • Answer 21
      • Compaction is the process by which sediments are pressed together in layers.
    • Question 22
      • _______________ is the process by which sediment is moved to another location.
    • Answer 22
      • Erosion is the process by which sediment is moved to another location.
    • Question 23
      • The ___________ ____________ is a series of processes on Earth’s surface and interior that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another.
    • Answer 23
      • The Rock Cycle is a series of processes on Earth’s surface and interior that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another.
    • Question 24
      • In the rock cycle, before a metamorphic rock can be changed into a sedimentary rock it must ___________________.
    • Answer 24
      • In the rock cycle, before a metamorphic rock can be changed into a sedimentary rock it must go through WEDCC .
    • Question 25
      • In the rock cycle, before a sedimentary rock can be changed into a metamorphic rock it must __________________.
    • Answer 25
      • In the rock cycle, before a sedimentary rock can be changed into a metamorphic rock it must undergo extreme heat and pressure.
    • Question 26
      • The preserved remains or traces of an organism is called a _____________.
    • Answer 26
      • The preserved remains or traces of an organism is called a fossil .
    • Question 27
      • Most fossils form when living things die and their remains are buried by _______________.
    • Answer 27
      • Most fossils form when living things die and their remains are buried by sediment .
    • Question 28
      • ____________ is the process by which all the different kinds of living things have changed over long periods of time.
    • Answer 28
      • Evolution is the process by which all the different kinds of living things have changed over long periods of time.
    • Question 29
      • What evidence to geologist use to determine where one unit of geologic time ends and when the next unit begins?
    • Answer 29
      • What evidence to geologist use to determine where one unit of geologic time ends and when the next unit begins? Fossil Records
    • Question 30
      • The age of a rock compared to the ages of other rocks is describing the __________ age.
    • Answer 30
      • The age of a rock compared to the ages of other rocks is describing the relative age.
    • Question 31
      • The law of superposition states that in horizontal sedimentary rock layers, each layer is ___________ than the one above it.
    • Answer 31
      • The law of superposition states that in horizontal sedimentary rock layers, each layer is older than the one above it.
    • Question 32
      • The Principle of _______________ states that landforms on Earth were created through slow, gradual geologic processes rather than by a catastrophic event.
    • Answer 32
      • The Principle of uniformatarianism states that landforms on Earth were created through slow, gradual geologic processes rather than by a catastrophic event.
    • Question 33
      • A _______ fossil is a type of fossil that is widely distributed and only lived for a short period of time.
    • Answer 33
      • An index fossil is a type of fossil that is widely distributed and only lived for a short period of time.
    • Question 34
      • Radioactive dating enables geologists to determine the ________ age of rocks and fossils.
    • Answer 34
      • Radioactive dating enable geologist to determine the absolute age of rocks and fossils.
    • Question 35
      • The Precambrian Time which includes most of Earth’s history begins with what event?
    • Answer 35
      • The Precambrian Time which includes most of Earth’s history begins with what event? The formation of Earth
    • Question 36
      • About 250 million years ago, all the continents moved together to form one single land mass called ________.
    • Answer 36
      • About 250 million years ago, all the continents moved together to form one single land mass called pangaea .
    • Question 37
      • Currently we are in the ___________ Era.
    • Answer 37
      • Currently we are in the Cenozoic Era.
    • Question 38
      • If a coal deposit if found in Antarctica, what can you infer about the past environment of that area?
    • Answer 38
      • If a coal deposit if found in Antarctica, what can you infer about the past environment of that area?
      • It was once warm and swampy
    • Question 39
      • If a fossilized marine organism was found in a desert, what can you infer about the past environment of that area?
    • Answer 39
      • If a fossilized marine organism was found in a desert, what can you infer about the past environment of that area?
      • It was once under salt water
    • Question 40
      • What information can fossils provide for us?
    • Answer 40
      • What information can fossils provide for us?
      • Evidence of how life has changed over time ( simple to complex)
      • Scientist can infer about how earth’s surface has changed.
      • Clues to what past environments were like.(climate)
    • Question 41
      • A _______________ resource is one that can be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed.
    • Answer 41
      • A renewable resource is one that can be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed.
    • Question 42
      • A _______________ resource is one that can NOT be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed.
    • Answer 42
      • A nonrenewable resource is one that can NOT be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed.
    • Question 43
      • __________ ___________ are considered nonrenewable because they take millions of years for Earth to make them.
    • Answer 43
      • Fossil Fuels are considered nonrenewable because they take millions of years for Earth to make them.
    • Question 44
      • The three main fossil fuels are __________, ___________, and __________ _____.
    • Answer 44
      • The three main fossil fuels are coal, oil and natural gas.
    • Question 45
      • Of the three fossil fuels, _________ ________ produces the least amount of air pollution.
    • Answer 45
      • Of the three fossil fuels, natural gas produces the least amount of air pollution.
    • Question 46
      • _______________ energy uses the Earth’s heat to produce energy.
    • Answer 46
      • Geothermal energy uses the Earth’s heat to produce energy.
    • Question 47
      • _______________ power uses the heat produced from nuclear fission reactions.
    • Answer 47
      • Nuclear power uses the heat produced from nuclear fission reactions.
    • Question 48
      • ____________ power uses the movement of large quantities of water near the coastline to produce energy.
    • Answer 48
      • Tidal power uses the movement of large quantities of water near the coastline to produce energy.
    • Question 49
      • ___________ is formed from the remains of plants and animals.
    • Answer 49
      • Coal is formed from the remains of plants and animals.
    • Question 50
      • ______________ and _______ ____ is formed from the remains of tiny marine organisms.
    • Answer 50
      • Oil and Natural Gas is formed from the remains of tiny marine organisms.
    • Question 51
      • ____________ produces the greatest amount of electricity in the US.
    • Answer 51
      • Coal produces the greatest amount of electricity in the US.
    • Question 52
      • Energy ___________ is reducing or wisely using energy to avoid its waste.
    • Answer 52
      • Energy conservation is reducing or wisely using energy to avoid its waste.
    • Question 53
      • Switching the crops you plant in different fields from year to year is an example of _________ ______________.
    • Answer 53
      • Switching the crops you plant in different fields from year to year is an example of crop rotation .
    • Question 54
      • A home that has good _________________ will conserve energy by blocking the transfer of heat between the air inside and outside.
    • Answer 54
      • A home that has good conservation will conserve energy by blocking the transfer of heat between the air inside and outside.
    • Question 55
      • As our demand for energy increases and our supply of fossil fuels decreases, as a result we will become more dependent on using ____________ energy sources.
    • Answer 55
      • As our demand for energy increases and our supply of fossil fuels decreases, as a result we will become more dependent on using alternative energy sources.