Interim 1 review
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Interim 1 review Presentation Transcript

  • 1. INTERIM 1 REVIEW By- Ms. Caruso
  • 2. Question 1
    • A rock is generally made up of a mixture of ______________.
  • 3. Answer 1
    • A rock is generally made up of a mixture of minerals and other materials
  • 4. Question 2
    • A rock that contains a metal or economically useful mineral is called an ______________
  • 5. Answer 2
    • A rock that contains a metal or economically useful mineral is called an ore
  • 6. Question 3
    • A rock’s texture refers to the __________, ______________, and _____________ of the rock’s mineral grains.
  • 7. Answer 3
    • A rock’s texture refers to the Size, shape , and pattern of the rock’s mineral grains.
  • 8. Question 4
    • When all the grains are small and difficult to see the rock has a _________ texture.
  • 9. Answer 4
    • When all the grains are small and difficult to see the rock has a Fine texture.
  • 10. Question 5
    • When all the grains are so small they cannot be seen even with a microscope the rock has a _____________ texture.
  • 11. Answer 5
    • When all the grains are so small they cannot be seen even with a microscope the rock has a glassy texture.
  • 12. Question 6
    • When all the grains are large and easy to see the rock has a _______ texture.
  • 13. Answer 6
    • When all the grains are large and easy to see the rock has a coarse texture.
  • 14. Question 7
    • Igneous rock that formed from lava that cools on the surface is called __________ igneous rock.
  • 15. Answer 7
    • Igneous rock that formed from lava that cools on the surface is called extrusive igneous rock.
  • 16. Question 8
    • Rock that forms from the cooling of magma or lava is called _____________ rock.
  • 17. Answer 8
    • Rock that forms from the cooling of magma or lava is called igneous rock.
  • 18. Question 9
    • Igneous rock that formed from magma cooling below the surface is called _____________ igneous rock.
  • 19. Answer 9
    • Igneous rock that formed from magma cooling below the surface is called intrusive igneous rock.
  • 20. Question 10
    • An igneous rock that has a course grain texture like granite, would be an __________________ igneous rock.
  • 21. Answer 10
    • An igneous rock that has a course grain texture like granite, would be an intrusive igneous rock.
  • 22. Question 11
    • An igneous rock that has a fine grain texture like basalt would be an ________ igneous rock.
  • 23. Answer 11
    • An igneous rock that has a fine grain texture like basalt would be an extrusive igneous rock.
  • 24. Question 12
    • What is the most abundant intrusive igneous rock? Extrusive?
  • 25. Answer 12
    • What is the most abundant intrusive igneous rock? Extrusive?
    • Granite, Basalt
  • 26. Question 13
    • Where do metamorphic rocks form?
  • 27. Answer 13
    • Where do metamorphic rocks form?
    • Deep underground
  • 28. Question 14
    • ___________ and __________ deep beneath the Earth’s surface can change any rock into a metamorphic rock.
  • 29. Answer 14
    • Heat and pressure deep beneath the Earth’s surface can change any rock into a metamorphic rock.
  • 30. Question 15
    • A _______________ metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged into layers and split easily.
  • 31. Answer 15
    • A foliated metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged into layers and split easily.
  • 32. Question 16
    • A ___________________ metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged randomly and do NOT split into layers.
  • 33. Answer 16
    • A nonfoliated metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged randomly and do NOT split into layers.
  • 34. Question 17
    • A type of sedimentary rock formed when rock fragments are squeezed together is called _______________.
  • 35. Answer 17
    • A type of sedimentary rock formed when rock fragments are squeezed together is called clastic .
  • 36. Question 18
    • The process in which dissolved minerals crystallize (harden) and glue particles of sediment together is called ___________.
  • 37. Answer 18
    • The process in which dissolved minerals crystallize (harden) and glue particles of sediment together is called cementation .
  • 38. Question 19
    • __________________ is the process by which rocks are broken into smaller pieces.
  • 39. Answer 19
    • Weathering is the process by which rocks are broken into smaller pieces.
  • 40. Question 20
    • When rocks are weathered, the smaller pieces of rocks are called ___________________.
  • 41. Answer 20
    • When rocks are weathered, the smaller pieces of rocks are called sediments .
  • 42. Question 21
    • ______________ is the process by which sediments are pressed together in layers.
  • 43. Answer 21
    • Compaction is the process by which sediments are pressed together in layers.
  • 44. Question 22
    • _______________ is the process by which sediment is moved to another location.
  • 45. Answer 22
    • Erosion is the process by which sediment is moved to another location.
  • 46. Question 23
    • The ___________ ____________ is a series of processes on Earth’s surface and interior that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another.
  • 47. Answer 23
    • The Rock Cycle is a series of processes on Earth’s surface and interior that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another.
  • 48. Question 24
    • In the rock cycle, before a metamorphic rock can be changed into a sedimentary rock it must ___________________.
  • 49. Answer 24
    • In the rock cycle, before a metamorphic rock can be changed into a sedimentary rock it must go through WEDCC .
  • 50. Question 25
    • In the rock cycle, before a sedimentary rock can be changed into a metamorphic rock it must __________________.
  • 51. Answer 25
    • In the rock cycle, before a sedimentary rock can be changed into a metamorphic rock it must undergo extreme heat and pressure.
  • 52. Question 26
    • The preserved remains or traces of an organism is called a _____________.
  • 53. Answer 26
    • The preserved remains or traces of an organism is called a fossil .
  • 54. Question 27
    • Most fossils form when living things die and their remains are buried by _______________.
  • 55. Answer 27
    • Most fossils form when living things die and their remains are buried by sediment .
  • 56. Question 28
    • ____________ is the process by which all the different kinds of living things have changed over long periods of time.
  • 57. Answer 28
    • Evolution is the process by which all the different kinds of living things have changed over long periods of time.
  • 58. Question 29
    • What evidence to geologist use to determine where one unit of geologic time ends and when the next unit begins?
  • 59. Answer 29
    • What evidence to geologist use to determine where one unit of geologic time ends and when the next unit begins? Fossil Records
  • 60. Question 30
    • The age of a rock compared to the ages of other rocks is describing the __________ age.
  • 61. Answer 30
    • The age of a rock compared to the ages of other rocks is describing the relative age.
  • 62. Question 31
    • The law of superposition states that in horizontal sedimentary rock layers, each layer is ___________ than the one above it.
  • 63. Answer 31
    • The law of superposition states that in horizontal sedimentary rock layers, each layer is older than the one above it.
  • 64. Question 32
    • The Principle of _______________ states that landforms on Earth were created through slow, gradual geologic processes rather than by a catastrophic event.
  • 65. Answer 32
    • The Principle of uniformatarianism states that landforms on Earth were created through slow, gradual geologic processes rather than by a catastrophic event.
  • 66. Question 33
    • A _______ fossil is a type of fossil that is widely distributed and only lived for a short period of time.
  • 67. Answer 33
    • An index fossil is a type of fossil that is widely distributed and only lived for a short period of time.
  • 68. Question 34
    • Radioactive dating enables geologists to determine the ________ age of rocks and fossils.
  • 69. Answer 34
    • Radioactive dating enable geologist to determine the absolute age of rocks and fossils.
  • 70. Question 35
    • The Precambrian Time which includes most of Earth’s history begins with what event?
  • 71. Answer 35
    • The Precambrian Time which includes most of Earth’s history begins with what event? The formation of Earth
  • 72. Question 36
    • About 250 million years ago, all the continents moved together to form one single land mass called ________.
  • 73. Answer 36
    • About 250 million years ago, all the continents moved together to form one single land mass called pangaea .
  • 74. Question 37
    • Currently we are in the ___________ Era.
  • 75. Answer 37
    • Currently we are in the Cenozoic Era.
  • 76. Question 38
    • If a coal deposit if found in Antarctica, what can you infer about the past environment of that area?
  • 77. Answer 38
    • If a coal deposit if found in Antarctica, what can you infer about the past environment of that area?
    • It was once warm and swampy
  • 78. Question 39
    • If a fossilized marine organism was found in a desert, what can you infer about the past environment of that area?
  • 79. Answer 39
    • If a fossilized marine organism was found in a desert, what can you infer about the past environment of that area?
    • It was once under salt water
  • 80. Question 40
    • What information can fossils provide for us?
  • 81. Answer 40
    • What information can fossils provide for us?
    • Evidence of how life has changed over time ( simple to complex)
    • Scientist can infer about how earth’s surface has changed.
    • Clues to what past environments were like.(climate)
  • 82. Question 41
    • A _______________ resource is one that can be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed.
  • 83. Answer 41
    • A renewable resource is one that can be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed.
  • 84. Question 42
    • A _______________ resource is one that can NOT be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed.
  • 85. Answer 42
    • A nonrenewable resource is one that can NOT be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed.
  • 86. Question 43
    • __________ ___________ are considered nonrenewable because they take millions of years for Earth to make them.
  • 87. Answer 43
    • Fossil Fuels are considered nonrenewable because they take millions of years for Earth to make them.
  • 88. Question 44
    • The three main fossil fuels are __________, ___________, and __________ _____.
  • 89. Answer 44
    • The three main fossil fuels are coal, oil and natural gas.
  • 90. Question 45
    • Of the three fossil fuels, _________ ________ produces the least amount of air pollution.
  • 91. Answer 45
    • Of the three fossil fuels, natural gas produces the least amount of air pollution.
  • 92. Question 46
    • _______________ energy uses the Earth’s heat to produce energy.
  • 93. Answer 46
    • Geothermal energy uses the Earth’s heat to produce energy.
  • 94. Question 47
    • _______________ power uses the heat produced from nuclear fission reactions.
  • 95. Answer 47
    • Nuclear power uses the heat produced from nuclear fission reactions.
  • 96. Question 48
    • ____________ power uses the movement of large quantities of water near the coastline to produce energy.
  • 97. Answer 48
    • Tidal power uses the movement of large quantities of water near the coastline to produce energy.
  • 98. Question 49
    • ___________ is formed from the remains of plants and animals.
  • 99. Answer 49
    • Coal is formed from the remains of plants and animals.
  • 100. Question 50
    • ______________ and _______ ____ is formed from the remains of tiny marine organisms.
  • 101. Answer 50
    • Oil and Natural Gas is formed from the remains of tiny marine organisms.
  • 102. Question 51
    • ____________ produces the greatest amount of electricity in the US.
  • 103. Answer 51
    • Coal produces the greatest amount of electricity in the US.
  • 104. Question 52
    • Energy ___________ is reducing or wisely using energy to avoid its waste.
  • 105. Answer 52
    • Energy conservation is reducing or wisely using energy to avoid its waste.
  • 106. Question 53
    • Switching the crops you plant in different fields from year to year is an example of _________ ______________.
  • 107. Answer 53
    • Switching the crops you plant in different fields from year to year is an example of crop rotation .
  • 108. Question 54
    • A home that has good _________________ will conserve energy by blocking the transfer of heat between the air inside and outside.
  • 109. Answer 54
    • A home that has good conservation will conserve energy by blocking the transfer of heat between the air inside and outside.
  • 110. Question 55
    • As our demand for energy increases and our supply of fossil fuels decreases, as a result we will become more dependent on using ____________ energy sources.
  • 111. Answer 55
    • As our demand for energy increases and our supply of fossil fuels decreases, as a result we will become more dependent on using alternative energy sources.