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Interim 1 review
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Interim 1 review

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  • 1. INTERIM 1 REVIEW By- Ms. Caruso
  • 2. Question 1 <ul><li>A rock is generally made up of a mixture of ______________. </li></ul>
  • 3. Answer 1 <ul><li>A rock is generally made up of a mixture of minerals and other materials </li></ul>
  • 4. Question 2 <ul><li>A rock that contains a metal or economically useful mineral is called an ______________ </li></ul>
  • 5. Answer 2 <ul><li>A rock that contains a metal or economically useful mineral is called an ore </li></ul>
  • 6. Question 3 <ul><li>A rock’s texture refers to the __________, ______________, and _____________ of the rock’s mineral grains. </li></ul>
  • 7. Answer 3 <ul><li>A rock’s texture refers to the Size, shape , and pattern of the rock’s mineral grains. </li></ul>
  • 8. Question 4 <ul><li>When all the grains are small and difficult to see the rock has a _________ texture. </li></ul>
  • 9. Answer 4 <ul><li>When all the grains are small and difficult to see the rock has a Fine texture. </li></ul>
  • 10. Question 5 <ul><li>When all the grains are so small they cannot be seen even with a microscope the rock has a _____________ texture. </li></ul>
  • 11. Answer 5 <ul><li>When all the grains are so small they cannot be seen even with a microscope the rock has a glassy texture. </li></ul>
  • 12. Question 6 <ul><li>When all the grains are large and easy to see the rock has a _______ texture. </li></ul>
  • 13. Answer 6 <ul><li>When all the grains are large and easy to see the rock has a coarse texture. </li></ul>
  • 14. Question 7 <ul><li>Igneous rock that formed from lava that cools on the surface is called __________ igneous rock. </li></ul>
  • 15. Answer 7 <ul><li>Igneous rock that formed from lava that cools on the surface is called extrusive igneous rock. </li></ul>
  • 16. Question 8 <ul><li>Rock that forms from the cooling of magma or lava is called _____________ rock. </li></ul>
  • 17. Answer 8 <ul><li>Rock that forms from the cooling of magma or lava is called igneous rock. </li></ul>
  • 18. Question 9 <ul><li>Igneous rock that formed from magma cooling below the surface is called _____________ igneous rock. </li></ul>
  • 19. Answer 9 <ul><li>Igneous rock that formed from magma cooling below the surface is called intrusive igneous rock. </li></ul>
  • 20. Question 10 <ul><li>An igneous rock that has a course grain texture like granite, would be an __________________ igneous rock. </li></ul>
  • 21. Answer 10 <ul><li>An igneous rock that has a course grain texture like granite, would be an intrusive igneous rock. </li></ul>
  • 22. Question 11 <ul><li>An igneous rock that has a fine grain texture like basalt would be an ________ igneous rock. </li></ul>
  • 23. Answer 11 <ul><li>An igneous rock that has a fine grain texture like basalt would be an extrusive igneous rock. </li></ul>
  • 24. Question 12 <ul><li>What is the most abundant intrusive igneous rock? Extrusive? </li></ul>
  • 25. Answer 12 <ul><li>What is the most abundant intrusive igneous rock? Extrusive? </li></ul><ul><li>Granite, Basalt </li></ul>
  • 26. Question 13 <ul><li>Where do metamorphic rocks form? </li></ul>
  • 27. Answer 13 <ul><li>Where do metamorphic rocks form? </li></ul><ul><li>Deep underground </li></ul>
  • 28. Question 14 <ul><li>___________ and __________ deep beneath the Earth’s surface can change any rock into a metamorphic rock. </li></ul>
  • 29. Answer 14 <ul><li>Heat and pressure deep beneath the Earth’s surface can change any rock into a metamorphic rock. </li></ul>
  • 30. Question 15 <ul><li>A _______________ metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged into layers and split easily. </li></ul>
  • 31. Answer 15 <ul><li>A foliated metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged into layers and split easily. </li></ul>
  • 32. Question 16 <ul><li>A ___________________ metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged randomly and do NOT split into layers. </li></ul>
  • 33. Answer 16 <ul><li>A nonfoliated metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged randomly and do NOT split into layers. </li></ul>
  • 34. Question 17 <ul><li>A type of sedimentary rock formed when rock fragments are squeezed together is called _______________. </li></ul>
  • 35. Answer 17 <ul><li>A type of sedimentary rock formed when rock fragments are squeezed together is called clastic . </li></ul>
  • 36. Question 18 <ul><li>The process in which dissolved minerals crystallize (harden) and glue particles of sediment together is called ___________. </li></ul>
  • 37. Answer 18 <ul><li>The process in which dissolved minerals crystallize (harden) and glue particles of sediment together is called cementation . </li></ul>
  • 38. Question 19 <ul><li>__________________ is the process by which rocks are broken into smaller pieces. </li></ul>
  • 39. Answer 19 <ul><li>Weathering is the process by which rocks are broken into smaller pieces. </li></ul>
  • 40. Question 20 <ul><li>When rocks are weathered, the smaller pieces of rocks are called ___________________. </li></ul>
  • 41. Answer 20 <ul><li>When rocks are weathered, the smaller pieces of rocks are called sediments . </li></ul>
  • 42. Question 21 <ul><li>______________ is the process by which sediments are pressed together in layers. </li></ul>
  • 43. Answer 21 <ul><li>Compaction is the process by which sediments are pressed together in layers. </li></ul>
  • 44. Question 22 <ul><li>_______________ is the process by which sediment is moved to another location. </li></ul>
  • 45. Answer 22 <ul><li>Erosion is the process by which sediment is moved to another location. </li></ul>
  • 46. Question 23 <ul><li>The ___________ ____________ is a series of processes on Earth’s surface and interior that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another. </li></ul>
  • 47. Answer 23 <ul><li>The Rock Cycle is a series of processes on Earth’s surface and interior that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another. </li></ul>
  • 48. Question 24 <ul><li>In the rock cycle, before a metamorphic rock can be changed into a sedimentary rock it must ___________________. </li></ul>
  • 49. Answer 24 <ul><li>In the rock cycle, before a metamorphic rock can be changed into a sedimentary rock it must go through WEDCC . </li></ul>
  • 50. Question 25 <ul><li>In the rock cycle, before a sedimentary rock can be changed into a metamorphic rock it must __________________. </li></ul>
  • 51. Answer 25 <ul><li>In the rock cycle, before a sedimentary rock can be changed into a metamorphic rock it must undergo extreme heat and pressure. </li></ul>
  • 52. Question 26 <ul><li>The preserved remains or traces of an organism is called a _____________. </li></ul>
  • 53. Answer 26 <ul><li>The preserved remains or traces of an organism is called a fossil . </li></ul>
  • 54. Question 27 <ul><li>Most fossils form when living things die and their remains are buried by _______________. </li></ul>
  • 55. Answer 27 <ul><li>Most fossils form when living things die and their remains are buried by sediment . </li></ul>
  • 56. Question 28 <ul><li>____________ is the process by which all the different kinds of living things have changed over long periods of time. </li></ul>
  • 57. Answer 28 <ul><li>Evolution is the process by which all the different kinds of living things have changed over long periods of time. </li></ul>
  • 58. Question 29 <ul><li>What evidence to geologist use to determine where one unit of geologic time ends and when the next unit begins? </li></ul>
  • 59. Answer 29 <ul><li>What evidence to geologist use to determine where one unit of geologic time ends and when the next unit begins? Fossil Records </li></ul>
  • 60. Question 30 <ul><li>The age of a rock compared to the ages of other rocks is describing the __________ age. </li></ul>
  • 61. Answer 30 <ul><li>The age of a rock compared to the ages of other rocks is describing the relative age. </li></ul>
  • 62. Question 31 <ul><li>The law of superposition states that in horizontal sedimentary rock layers, each layer is ___________ than the one above it. </li></ul>
  • 63. Answer 31 <ul><li>The law of superposition states that in horizontal sedimentary rock layers, each layer is older than the one above it. </li></ul>
  • 64. Question 32 <ul><li>The Principle of _______________ states that landforms on Earth were created through slow, gradual geologic processes rather than by a catastrophic event. </li></ul>
  • 65. Answer 32 <ul><li>The Principle of uniformatarianism states that landforms on Earth were created through slow, gradual geologic processes rather than by a catastrophic event. </li></ul>
  • 66. Question 33 <ul><li>A _______ fossil is a type of fossil that is widely distributed and only lived for a short period of time. </li></ul>
  • 67. Answer 33 <ul><li>An index fossil is a type of fossil that is widely distributed and only lived for a short period of time. </li></ul>
  • 68. Question 34 <ul><li>Radioactive dating enables geologists to determine the ________ age of rocks and fossils. </li></ul>
  • 69. Answer 34 <ul><li>Radioactive dating enable geologist to determine the absolute age of rocks and fossils. </li></ul>
  • 70. Question 35 <ul><li>The Precambrian Time which includes most of Earth’s history begins with what event? </li></ul>
  • 71. Answer 35 <ul><li>The Precambrian Time which includes most of Earth’s history begins with what event? The formation of Earth </li></ul>
  • 72. Question 36 <ul><li>About 250 million years ago, all the continents moved together to form one single land mass called ________. </li></ul>
  • 73. Answer 36 <ul><li>About 250 million years ago, all the continents moved together to form one single land mass called pangaea . </li></ul>
  • 74. Question 37 <ul><li>Currently we are in the ___________ Era. </li></ul>
  • 75. Answer 37 <ul><li>Currently we are in the Cenozoic Era. </li></ul>
  • 76. Question 38 <ul><li>If a coal deposit if found in Antarctica, what can you infer about the past environment of that area? </li></ul>
  • 77. Answer 38 <ul><li>If a coal deposit if found in Antarctica, what can you infer about the past environment of that area? </li></ul><ul><li>It was once warm and swampy </li></ul>
  • 78. Question 39 <ul><li>If a fossilized marine organism was found in a desert, what can you infer about the past environment of that area? </li></ul>
  • 79. Answer 39 <ul><li>If a fossilized marine organism was found in a desert, what can you infer about the past environment of that area? </li></ul><ul><li>It was once under salt water </li></ul>
  • 80. Question 40 <ul><li>What information can fossils provide for us? </li></ul>
  • 81. Answer 40 <ul><li>What information can fossils provide for us? </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence of how life has changed over time ( simple to complex) </li></ul><ul><li>Scientist can infer about how earth’s surface has changed. </li></ul><ul><li>Clues to what past environments were like.(climate) </li></ul>
  • 82. Question 41 <ul><li>A _______________ resource is one that can be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed. </li></ul>
  • 83. Answer 41 <ul><li>A renewable resource is one that can be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed. </li></ul>
  • 84. Question 42 <ul><li>A _______________ resource is one that can NOT be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed. </li></ul>
  • 85. Answer 42 <ul><li>A nonrenewable resource is one that can NOT be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed. </li></ul>
  • 86. Question 43 <ul><li>__________ ___________ are considered nonrenewable because they take millions of years for Earth to make them. </li></ul>
  • 87. Answer 43 <ul><li>Fossil Fuels are considered nonrenewable because they take millions of years for Earth to make them. </li></ul>
  • 88. Question 44 <ul><li>The three main fossil fuels are __________, ___________, and __________ _____. </li></ul>
  • 89. Answer 44 <ul><li>The three main fossil fuels are coal, oil and natural gas. </li></ul>
  • 90. Question 45 <ul><li>Of the three fossil fuels, _________ ________ produces the least amount of air pollution. </li></ul>
  • 91. Answer 45 <ul><li>Of the three fossil fuels, natural gas produces the least amount of air pollution. </li></ul>
  • 92. Question 46 <ul><li>_______________ energy uses the Earth’s heat to produce energy. </li></ul>
  • 93. Answer 46 <ul><li>Geothermal energy uses the Earth’s heat to produce energy. </li></ul>
  • 94. Question 47 <ul><li>_______________ power uses the heat produced from nuclear fission reactions. </li></ul>
  • 95. Answer 47 <ul><li>Nuclear power uses the heat produced from nuclear fission reactions. </li></ul>
  • 96. Question 48 <ul><li>____________ power uses the movement of large quantities of water near the coastline to produce energy. </li></ul>
  • 97. Answer 48 <ul><li>Tidal power uses the movement of large quantities of water near the coastline to produce energy. </li></ul>
  • 98. Question 49 <ul><li>___________ is formed from the remains of plants and animals. </li></ul>
  • 99. Answer 49 <ul><li>Coal is formed from the remains of plants and animals. </li></ul>
  • 100. Question 50 <ul><li>______________ and _______ ____ is formed from the remains of tiny marine organisms. </li></ul>
  • 101. Answer 50 <ul><li>Oil and Natural Gas is formed from the remains of tiny marine organisms. </li></ul>
  • 102. Question 51 <ul><li>____________ produces the greatest amount of electricity in the US. </li></ul>
  • 103. Answer 51 <ul><li>Coal produces the greatest amount of electricity in the US. </li></ul>
  • 104. Question 52 <ul><li>Energy ___________ is reducing or wisely using energy to avoid its waste. </li></ul>
  • 105. Answer 52 <ul><li>Energy conservation is reducing or wisely using energy to avoid its waste. </li></ul>
  • 106. Question 53 <ul><li>Switching the crops you plant in different fields from year to year is an example of _________ ______________. </li></ul>
  • 107. Answer 53 <ul><li>Switching the crops you plant in different fields from year to year is an example of crop rotation . </li></ul>
  • 108. Question 54 <ul><li>A home that has good _________________ will conserve energy by blocking the transfer of heat between the air inside and outside. </li></ul>
  • 109. Answer 54 <ul><li>A home that has good conservation will conserve energy by blocking the transfer of heat between the air inside and outside. </li></ul>
  • 110. Question 55 <ul><li>As our demand for energy increases and our supply of fossil fuels decreases, as a result we will become more dependent on using ____________ energy sources. </li></ul>
  • 111. Answer 55 <ul><li>As our demand for energy increases and our supply of fossil fuels decreases, as a result we will become more dependent on using alternative energy sources. </li></ul>

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