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Clark M.east.03

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  • 1. WORLD AFFAIRS - MIDDLE EAST NOTES
  • 2. Palestinians live in Canaan - were they the Philistines from the Bible?
  • 3. 1000 B.C. (?) Moses leads the Hebrews from Egypt and bondage
  • 4. Kingdom of Israel created Conquered in turn by: Assyrians, Chaldeans, Persians, Greeks and finally the Romans (known as Roman province of Palestine)
  • 5. 70 A.D. Jewish rebels hold off Roman legion at Masada: Romans destroy temple in Jerusalem. Ark of the Covenant disappears
  • 6. 135 A.D. - Jews forced from Palestine (the diaspora or dispersement)
  • 7. 1896 - Theodor Herzl founds Zionist movement - Jews should create an independent homeland in Palestine
  • 8. 1917 - British issue “Balfour Declaration” supporting a “national homeland for the Jewish in Palestine” in return for Jewish support of Britain in WWI Middle East
  • 9. 1918-1941 Some Jewish immigration to Palestine - Arabs fear Jewish control of their territory.
  • 10. 1930’s - Rise of Nazi Germany
  • 11. 1942 The Final Solution
  • 12. The Holocaust - 1942-45
  • 13. Camp Liberation April, 1945
  • 14. Post WWII exodus to Palestine of camp survivors and war refugees - tensions between Arab and Jew mount
  • 15. 1947 U.N. Partition Plan - Rejected by Palestinian Arabs
  • 16. 1948 - Israel declared a state - 5 Arab armies attack - guess who loses?
  • 17. 1956 Sinai War - Arabs lose again
  • 18. 1967 Six-day war! Israel takes: Golan Heights, West Bank, Jerusalem, Gaza Strip, Sinai and Suez Canal
  • 19. Jerusalem in Jewish hands for the first time since 135 A.D.!! Israel Rules!!
  • 20. BEGINNING OF THE “PALESTINIAN PROBLEM” WHAT TO DO WITH REFUGEES? 1964 - PLO (PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANIZATION) FORMED - ARAFAT 1ST, ONLY LEADER AFTER ‘67 WAR, PLO ADOPTS TERRORISM AS POLICY TO REGAIN HOMELAND
  • 21. 1973 Yom Kippur War - Israel almost loses it all
  • 22. 1979 - Camp David Accords signed (Begin, Sadat and Carter)
  • 23. Egypt’s Sadat assassinated by Islamic Jihad in 1981 for signing Camp David
  • 24. 1970 - BLACK SEPTEMBER!!! - JORDAN’S KING HUSSEIN DRIVES PLO FROM COUNTRY - PLO AND REFUGEES MOVE TO LEBANON 1975-92 LEBANESE CIVIL WAR; 1982 - ISRAEL INVADES LEBANON TO DRIVE OUT PLO LEBANON BECOMES ISRAEL’S “VIETNAM” HEZBOLLAH FORMED TO DESTROY ISRAEL
  • 25. 1987 - Arab Intifada (uprising) breaks out in occupied territories
  • 26. 1980 - Iraq invades Iran – 10 year war kills millions Who does/should U.S. support?
  • 27. 1990 – Iraq attacks and overrun Kuwait for its oil (& to help pay cost of war with Iran) UN sanctions block trade with Iraq George Bush (1 st ) demands Iraq leave Kuwait
  • 28. 1991 U.S. launches air war against Iraq with help of 39 country alliance
  • 29. Four-day ground offensive frees Kuwait; Saddam torches 500 Kuwaiti oil wells in retaliation
  • 30. After defeat Iraq agrees to destroy WMD and allow UN inspections; Trade sanctions imposed until all conditions are met Saddam remains defiant
  • 31. GULF WAR 1990-1991!! U.S. SUPPORT FOR ARAB STATES VS. IRAQ PLUS PALESTINIAN SUPPORT FOR SADDAM HUSSEIN GIVE U.S. THE POWER TO DEMAND ISRAEL AND PALESTINE MEET FOR PEACE TALKS AIMED AT RESOLVING THE CONFLICT
  • 32. TERMS TO KNOW SUNNI - MAINSTREAM MOSLEM SECT - MAKES UP 80% SHIITE - MAIN FUNDAMENTALIST SECT - 10-20% ISLAMIC JIHAD(HOLY WAR) - RADICAL SUNNI GROUP - KILLED SADAT HEZBOLLAH (PARTY OF GOD) SHIITE RADICALS IN LEBANON & IRAN
  • 33. 1993 PLO/Israeli Peace Accords between Rabin and Arafat
  • 34. 1995 - Rabin Assassinated Peace process frozen
  • 35. September 2000 - Ariel Sharon visits Temple Mount in Jerusalem, home to two major Moslem shrines; violence breaks out. Second Intifada!!
  • 36. 2nd Intifada in Occupied Territories over issue of Jerusalem November 2000 - Big three agree to meet for Peace
  • 37. Winter 2001 - Sharon defeats Barak, becoming new Israeli Prime Minister
  • 38. 2002 – 2 nd Intifada Intensifies;
  • 39.  
  • 40. SPRING 2003; U.S., RUSSIA, U.N. AND EUROPEAN UNION ANNOUNCE “ROADMAP FOR PEACE” PLAN
  • 41. November 12, 2003 Arafat and Qureia (new Palestinian Prime Minister) announce new cabinet
  • 42. ISRAELI SETTLEMENT BUILDING IN THE WEST BANK AND BUILDING OF THE “WALL” BETWEEN PALESTINIANS AND JEWS ON WEST BANK 2 ADDITIONAL ISSUES FACING 2 WARRING GROUPS
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