Reported Speech
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Reported Speech

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Reported Speech Reported Speech Presentation Transcript

  • REPORTED SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH AND REPORTED QUESTIONS
  • 1. CHANGE OF TENSES
    • When we report someone’s words afterwards, the verb forms often move into the past.
  • DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH
    • Present simple
    • ‘ I want to get away.’
    • Past simple
    • ‘ ... he wanted to get away.’
  • DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH
    • Past simple
    • ‘ I had an awful time last year.’
    • Past perfect
    • ‘ ... he had had an awful time the year before.’
  • DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH
    • Present continuous
    • ‘ I’m leaving tomorrow.’
    • Past continuous
    • ‘ ... he was leaving tomorrow.’
  • DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH
    • Past continuous
    • ‘ I was reading a book.’
    • Past perfect continuous or past continuous
    • ‘ ... he had been reading a book.’
  • DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH
    • Present perfect
    • ‘ I’ve found a new job in Canada.’
    • Past perfect
    • ‘ ... he had found a new job in Canada.’
  • DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH
    • Present perfect continuous
    • ‘ I have been typing letters.’
    • Past perfect continuous
    • ‘ ...he had been typing letters.’
  • DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH
    • Will / won’t
    • ‘ I’ll write to you when I get there.’
    • Would / wouldn’t
    • ‘ ... he would write to me when he got there.’
  • DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH
    • Imperative
    • ‘ Tidy your room.’
    • To + infinitive
    • ‘ ... to tidy my room.’
  • DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH
    • Can /can’t
    • ‘ I can’t come tonight.’
    • Could /couldn’t
    • ‘ ... he couldn’t come that night.’
  • DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH
    • May /may not
    • ‘ I may be late.’
    • Might / might not
    • ‘ ... he might be late.’
  • DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH
    • MUST / MUSTN’T
    • ‘ I must go.’
    • ‘ You mustn’t touch it.’
    • Had to /Mustn’t
    • ‘ ... he had to go.’
    • ‘ ... I mustn’t touch it.’
  • Past modal verbs don’t normally change in reported speech : would, could, might, ought to, should.
  • DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH
    • Am/are/is + going to
    • ‘ I’m going to start a new life.’
    • Was/were + going to
    • ‘ ... he was going to start a new life.’
    • If what a person said is still relevant, it is not necessary to change tenses or time references.
    • e.g. I’ve booked the table for Friday night.
    • She said she’s booked the table for Friday night.
  • PRONOUNS
    • The change in pronouns will depend on the person being referred to in the indirect speech .
    • e.g. ‘I gave you my notebook .’
    • ‘ She said she had given him her notebook.’
  • TIME REFERENCES
    • If you report what someone said on a different day, some words can change.
    • e.g. Now – then today – that day
    • yesterday- the previous day
    • tomorrow - the next day
    • next week/month – the next/following week
    • last week/month – the previous week
    • a week ago – the week before
  • DEMONSTRATIVES
    • If you report what someone said in a different place, some words can change.
    • e.g. Here there
    • this that
    • these those
  • 2. REPORTED SPEECH STRUCTURES
    • STATEMENTS
    • Reporting verbs: said, told...
    • ‘ I have something to show you’ I said to her.
    • I told her I had something to show her.
  • B) QUESTIONS Reporting verbs: asked, wanted to know... Reported questions are not real questions, so the word order is the same as in a normal statement. e. g. Can you come early tomorrow? She asked if I can come early tomorrow. e.g. Did you see anything suspicious? He wanted to know if I had seen anything suspicious.
  • There are two types of questions:
    • Wh-questions
    • ‘ What do you want?’
    • He asked me what I wanted.
    • No-wh-questions
    • ‘ Do you like Pepsi?’
    • He asked her if she liked Pepsi.
  • C) COMMANDS Reporting verbs: told, ordered... ‘ Stand up.’ He told me to stand up. ‘ Don’t do that.’ Pam ordered her son not to do that.
  • 3. PRACTICE
    • A reporter is going to ask questions to American people about the world around them. Try to write down the nine questions he asks.
  • 2. Work in groups and check your answers. 3. Watch the video again.
    • 4. Correction.
    • Name a country that begins with U.
    • Who is in the ‘Coalition of Willing’?
    • What’s the religion of Israel?
    • What religion are Buddhist Monks?
    • Who won the Vietnam war?
    • Who is Fidel Castro?
    • How many sides does a triangle have?
    • What’s the currency used in the UK?
    • Name a country that begins with U.
  • 5. Reported speech. Rewrite the questions you have into the reported speech structure.
    • 6. Correction.
    • He told them to name a country that began with U.
    • He asked them who was in the ‘Coalition of Willing’.
    • He asked them what the religion of Israel was.
    • He asked them what religion were Buddhist Monks.
    • He asked them who had won the Vietnam war.
    • He asked them who Fidel Castro was.
    • He asked them how many sides a triangle had.
    • He asked them what was the currency used in the UK.
    • He told them to name a country that began with U.