18.1 East Asia Physical GeographyPresentation Transcript
East Asia Land and water
Land use and water Section 1
Objectives Learn about the landforms and water bodies found in East Asia. Find out where most of the people in East Asia live.
Key Terms Plateau Fertile Archipelago Population Density
A raised area of level land bordered on one or more sides by steep slopes or cliffs. plateau
Able to support plant growth. Fertile
A group of islands. Archipelago
The average number of people living in a square mile or square kilometer. Population density
Map master: east asia physical map http://phschool.com/ (WEB CODE lcp-6110) Place/LandformTypical Elevation Manchurian Plain Korean Peninsula North China Plain Taklimakan Desert Taiwan
Landforms and water bodies
China takes up most of East Asia’s land, and mountains and plateaus (raised areas of level land bordered on one or more sides by steep slopes or cliffs) make up much of China’s landscape.
The other countries of East Asia also have mountains, but only China and Mongolia have wide plains and plateaus.
Japan, Taiwan, North Korea, and South Korea have narrow plains that lie mainly along coasts and rivers.
When the Indian subcontinent slammed into Asia about 50 million years ago, the Himalayan Mountains and the Plateau of Tibet were created.
The Himalayas extend along the border of China and Nepal.
The Plateau of Tibet is a huge highland area that lies in western China, north of the Himalaya Mountains.
The Himalayan Mountains
The plateau of tibet
Earthquakes also shaped the islands of Japan by forced some parts of the country to rise and other parts to sink.
Erupting volcanoes piled up masses of lava and ash, forming new mountains.
Japan’s Mt. Fuji (12,388 ft) is actually a volcano that has not erupted since 1707.
China: more than 1 billion people
China is the most populous nation in the world.
Mountains (in the south and west) and deserts (the Gobi Desert) make up more than two thirds of China’s land.
China’s two most important rivers are the Chang and the Huang.
The Huang River runs through the fertile (the soil is capable of supporting abundant plant growth) North China Plain and supports over 100 million people that live along its banks.
The gobi and the chang and huang
Map master: east asia population phschool.com (Web Code lcp6111) What is the topic of the map? What three symbols are used to represent population density in cities? Which would you use to identify cities with a population of 7,000,000 people? In general, what do the colors on the map represent? Specifically, what do the different shades stand for (these will be numbers)? How many people per square kilometer live in the most densely populated part of Mongolia? Where in this region are there urban areas with 5,000,000 or more people?
Japan: an island country
Japan is an archipelago, or group of islands, in the western Pacific Ocean.
Japan has 4 main islands (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu) and more than 3,000 smaller islands.
The largest and most populated island is Honshu.
Honshu is the home of most of Japan’s major cities, including its capital city of Tokyo.
Every major Japanese city is located on the coast, and most of Japan’s citizens live on the coasts as well.
Nearly 80% of the country is mountainous.
The Korean Peninsula extends south into the Yellow Sea between China and Japan.
A peninsula is a piece of land nearly surrounded by water.
Since 1953, Korea has been divided into two separate countries, North Korea and South Korea.
Population in East asia
The population of East Asia is spread unevenly across the land, with few people living in the deserts, plateaus, and mountains.
Most of the people live in the coastal areas, where living and growing food are easier.
The coasts have a very high population density, or average number of people living in a square mile.
The North China Plain, however, also has a high population density because its land is better suited for human settlement, it is level, and it has fertile soil.
Population density of east asia
Population in east asia
In East Asia, level ground must be shared by cities, farms, and industries.
Almost half the population of Japan is crowded onto less than 3% of the country’s land.
In China, most of the population is located in the eastern half of the country, where the plains and coastal areas are located.