B.TECH 3rd YEAR
What is Geospatial Platform
GIS in GeoInt
Military and national security
The terms "GIS," "remote sensing," and "GPS," often are used
together when discussing geospatial technology. Engineers
collect data with a global positioning system (GPS) unit or
using remote sensing and then integrate that data into a GIS
The acronym "GIS" refer to the systems of hardware and
software used to analyze, process, and store geographic data.
Remote sensing is the acquisition of data from a distance,
usually with the use of satellite imaging, aerial photography,
radar (radio detecting and ranging)
GPS units operate through a satellite-based navigation system
made up of a constellation of 24 satellites orbiting 19,320
kilometers (12,000 miles) above the surface of the Earth. The
U.S. Department of Defense launched the system, which was
originally intended for military applications but was made
available for civilian use in the 1980s.
GEOINT, known previously as imagery
intelligence (IMINT), is an intelligence
collection discipline that applies to national
security intelligence, law enforcement
intelligence, and competitive intelligence.
The Geospatial Platform is an Internet-
based capability providing shared and
trusted geospatial data, services, and
applications for use by the public and by
government agencies and partners to meet
their mission needs.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) new
and constantly evolving role in geospatial
intelligence (GEOINT) and United States
(U.S.). National security allows a user to
efficiently manage, analyze, and produce
geospatial data, to combine GEOINT with
other forms of intelligence collection, and to
perform highly developed analysis and visual
production of geospatial data.
Intergraph Corporation is an American
software development and services company. It
provides enterprise engineering and geospatially
powered software to businesses, governments,
and organizations around the world. Intergraph
operates through two divisions: Process, Power
& Marine (PP&M) and Security, Government &
Infrastructure (SG&I). The company’s
headquarters is in Huntsville, Alabama, USA. In
2008, Intergraph was one of the hundred largest
software companies in the world.
Data and map production
Sustainability and temporal analysis
Analysis of collected imagery or
Fusion of multiple forms of intelligence
Collaborative planning and efficient work
flow management between decision-
makers, analysts, consumers, and war-
Getting actionable data from
numerous military sensors and
then delivering it to war-fighters so
they can immediately use it, is the key
focus of Pathfinder.
Bandwidth, cloud computing, smart
phone and cell technologies are all
part of a rapidly developing sector.
Geospatial sustainability highlights the
geographic nature of sustainability with
the help of digital and analytical tools
means computer applications for
capturing, storing, managing, displaying,
and analyzing geographically
The Structured Geospatial Analytic Method
(SGAM) is both as an analytic method and
pedagogy for the Geospatial Intelligence
professional . It is intended to advance the
Geospatial Intelligence by providing an approach
not only to teach the analyst how forage and
repackage data, but also how to analyze the data
in a meaningful way.
Spatial thinking that goes beyond a simple
identification of locations is key to applying the
SGAM. This thinking involves comparing
locations, considering the influence of nearby
features, grouping regions and hierarchies, and
identifying distant places that have similar
conditions. It is also the consideration of change,
movement, and diffusion through time and place .
Spatial thinking then proceeds to examine the
places and compare places in the context of
space and time.
DGInt technology can be employed by
defense and intelligence organization to
provide an enterprise solution for
geospatial intelligence data.
It enables the utilization of thin clients to
search massive amount of geospatial and
intelligence data using very low band-width
web services for data discovery and fusion of
data and products.
Federal agencies and their partners collect
and manage large amounts of place-based
(geospatial) data – but it is often not easily
found when needed, and sometimes data is
collected or purchased multiple times. In
short, the best government data is not always
organized and managed efficiently to support
decision making in a timely and cost effective
manner. The Geospatial Platform is designed
to provide that service and capability.
In Remote Sensing
Geospatial analyst can manage ice-bergs
It can be employed to understand the complex
and sometimes slow-moving progress of global
In Military and National Security
displays the capabilities of a target and its
geographical relationship to other objects
easily consumable and understood by a
Information is more accurate and immediately
accessible to those who require it.
Imagery is only a snapshot of a moment in
can be too compelling and lead to ill-
informed decisions that ignore other
static and vulnerable to deception and
Does not depict the intentions of a target
The use of geospatial technologies has shown a consistent
growth over the years across different sectors.This is attributable
to its capability in allowing users to collect, organize , visualize
and analyze data in new and highly practical ways. By providing
the opportunity to place layer on layer of data over a map,
technology has enabled users and managers to calculate and
even predict the complex phenomena and make intelligent
decisions in relation to sustainable resource management.
Numerous industries have benefited in some way from the
application of geospatial technology and the ability to unravel
environmental, social, economic, political and global issues is
increasingly evident. Therefore, it is highly likely that learners from
many different sectors where geography is relevant will encounter
some kind of geospatial technology during their lifetime and an
early introduction to these technologies is becoming essential.
The World's Largest Software Companies".
Software Top 100.
GIS: Elementary Speaking, “Me on the
Map “ http://www.iupui.edu/~gst/gis.html
Good-child, M.F. and Janelle, D.G. (Eds.)
(2004) Spatially Integrated Social Science, New
York: Oxford University Press
Chrisman N – Exploring Geographic
Information Systems (John Wiley & Sons, 2002)