World War II
Germany has to cede  Alsace-Lorraine  to France Germany has to cede  coal mines  in Saar to France Germany has to cede  We...
440 Articles blamed Germany for WWI
 
Creating Democracies President Wilson “ 14 Points”
Creating Democracies President Wilson “ 14 Points”   President Bush Iraq War
“ The way Europe worked for centuries was through war,  displacement of citizens, and restructuring of national borders.”
Wilson’s Goals: Make the world safe for democracy
Wilson’s Goals: Make the world safe for democracy Carve up Europe (Based on nationalities)
Wilson’s Goals: Make the world safe for democracy Carve up Europe Force DEMOCRATIC governments (Based on nationalities)
Nationalism: 1. Division of Europe by nationalities...
Nationalism: 1. Division of Europe by nationalities... 2. Loyalty to country & its people*  ABOVE ALL ELSE
Nationalism: 1. Division of Europe by nationalities... 2. Loyalty to country & its people*  ABOVE ALL ELSE *People of the ...
SOVIET UNION
1. “Uncle Joe” became leader of Soviets Stalin’s Goals:
1. “Uncle Joe” became leader of Soviets Stalin’s Goals: 2. Tried to create the perfect Communist state
1. “Uncle Joe” became leader of Soviets Stalin’s Goals: 3. Abolished private farms,   established collectives   massive in...
ITALY
Mussolini’s Rise: 1. Unemployment + inflation = strikes
Mussolini’s Rise: 1. Unemployment + inflation = strikes 2. Upper-class wanted government help
Mussolini’s Rise: 1. Unemployment + inflation = strikes 2. Upper-class wanted government help 3. Benito Mussolini = NATION...
Mussolini’s Rise: 1. Unemployment + inflation = strikes 2. Upper-class wanted government help 3. Benito Mussolini = NATION...
Totalitarianism: <ul><li>Method of control in which a  country’s individuals have little or  no freedoms separate from the...
GERMANY
 
Hitler promised to raise Germany from the shame of the  Treaty of Versailles
The League of Nations FAILS
The League of Nations FAILS It’s fatal flaw?  No military for enforcement
The League of Nations FAILS It’s fatal flaw?  No military for enforcement Failure in Japan
The League of Nations FAILS It’s fatal flaw?  No military for enforcement Failure in Japan Hitler increased size of army
The League of Nations FAILS It’s fatal flaw?  No military for enforcement Failure in Japan Hitler increased size of army T...
The League of Nations FAILS It’s fatal flaw?  No military for enforcement Failure in Japan Hitler increased size of army T...
The League of Nations FAILS It’s fatal flaw?  No military for enforcement Failure in Japan Hitler increased size of army T...
Isolationism: <ul><li>Belief that one’s country should  stay out of other countries conflicts </li></ul>The “America First...
“ ...and the Wolf chewed up the children and spit out their bones...But those were  Foreign Children  and it didn’t really...
Hitler’s Rise to Power Germany asks France For moratorium—France Refuses France controls Germany’s richest production area...
Hitler’s Rise to Power Hitler acts out “Beer Hall Putsch” “ Putsch” fails Hitler imprisoned Writes “ Mein Kampf ” Mein Kam...
Hitler’s Rise to Power Hitler gains a following as a savior Democratically elected as PM of Weimar Establishes the  Third ...
Austria (formerly Austria-Hungary” was not allowed to join Germany... Hitler takes Austria
“ German Austria must unite itself with the German Motherland...” —Hitler  Mein Kampf
Austria (formerly Austria-Hungary” was not allowed to join Germany... Austrian Chancellor accepted Hitler’s terms for cont...
 
Austria (formerly Austria-Hungary” was not allowed to join Germany... Austrian Chancellor accepted Hitler’s terms for cont...
Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia  Czechs...7,447,000
Czechoslovakia  Czechs...7,447,000 Germans...3,218,000
Czechoslovakia  Czechs...7,447,000 Germans...3,218,000 Slovaks...2,309,000
Czechoslovakia  Czechs...7,447,000 Germans...3,218,000 Slovaks...2,309,000 Magyars...729,000
Czechoslovakia  Czechs...7,447,000 Germans...3,218,000 Slovaks...2,309,000 Magyars...729,000 Ruthenes...569,000
Czechoslovakia  Czechs...7,447,000 Germans...3,218,000 Slovaks...2,309,000 Magyars...729,000 Ruthenes...569,000 Poles...10...
Czechoslovakia  Czechs...7,447,000 Germans...3,218,000 Slovaks...2,309,000 Magyars...729,000 Ruthenes...569,000 Poles...10...
Hitler takes Czechoslovakia Sudetenland contained large # of German-speaking , pro-Nazi population
Hitler takes Czechoslovakia Sudetenland contained large # of German-speaking , pro-Nazi population Hitler & Chamberlain me...
Hitler takes Czechoslovakia Sudetenland contained large # of German-speaking , pro-Nazi population Hitler & Chamberlain me...
Hitler & Stalin Soviet Union signed non-aggression pact With Germany
Hitler & Stalin Soviet Union signed non-aggression pact With Germany Stalin gained eastern half of Poland
Hitler’s Attack Style  BLITZKRIEG
Stage 1: Air bombing Stage 2: Tanks & Artillery
Stage 3: Flanking Infantry
Highly effective fighting style Fighting in Poland was over in 3 weeks
Hitler takes France Hitler planned to attack France after Poland
Hitler takes France Hitler planned to attack France after Poland French behind “Maginot Line”
Hitler takes France Hitler planned to attack France after Poland French behind “Maginot Line” Germans behind “Siegfried Li...
Hitler takes France Hitler planned to attack France after Poland French behind “Maginot Line” Germans behind “Siegfried Li...
Hitler takes France Hitler attacked Belgium &    “walked to France”
Hitler takes France Hitler attacked Belgium &    “walked to France”  Handed France his surrender terms
Hitler takes France Hitler attacked Belgium &    “walked to France”  Handed France his surrender terms Germany controlled ...
Hitler takes France Hitler attacked Belgium &    “walked to France”  Handed France his surrender terms Germany controlled ...
Britain Poland Romania
Greece Turkey
Soviet Union Britain Got Entangled
The Holocaust
Nazi plan for Weimar Republic Disband the Reichstag
“ We will become members of the Reichstag in order to disable the Weimar order with its own acquiescence...We come as enem...
Nazi plan for Weimar Republic Disband the Reichstag   Reichstag burns & Hitler blames the communists
Nazi plan for Weimar Republic Disband the Reichstag   Reichstag burns & Hitler blames the communists President Von Hindenb...
Nazi plan for Weimar Republic Hitler elected democratically
Nazi plan for Weimar Republic Actions against “inferiors” began a month later Hitler elected democratically
Nazi plan for Weimar Republic Actions against “inferiors” began a month later Hitler elected democratically One of the fir...
Elimination of a race required 3 steps:  <ul><li>Marginalization </li></ul>2. Government action 3. Execution
1. Marginalization
Before Hitler, most Jews were comfortable as German citizens... Converted to Christianity Married non-Jews 100,000+ fought...
Nazis required a boycott of all Jewish owned shops and business’
“ Germans! Defend yourselves!  Don’t buy from Jews.” “ The Jews are our misfortune!” “ JUDE”
“ Nazification” of Culture Distinguishing between “pure” German (Nazi) culture & inferior cultures
“ Nazification” of Culture Distinguishing between “pure” German (Nazi) culture & inferior cultures  Hundreds of Thousands ...
 
“ Nazification” of Culture Germany relied on PROPAGANDA
“ Nazification” of Culture Germany relied on PROPAGANDA Joseph Goebbels—Master of Propaganda
“ Nazification” of Culture Germany relied on PROPAGANDA Controlled press, radio, film, art, music, and public events Josep...
 
 
 
“ Nazification” of Culture 1937—Degenerate Art Exhibit
“ Nazification” of Culture 1937—Degenerate Art Exhibit Degenerate Art —art that doesn’t glorify Aryan race
“ Nazification” of Culture 1937—Degenerate Art Exhibit Exhibit was designed to emphasize the arts’ “ugliness” Degenerate A...
 
 
 
 
 
2. Government Action
Jews & the Law 400 laws limiting Jewish citizens between (1933-1939)
Jews & the Law 400 laws limiting Jewish citizens between (1933-1939) Civil Service Law
Jews & the Law 400 laws limiting Jewish citizens between (1933-1939) Nazis even created a “science” based on Jewish/German...
“ [the] state must set race in the center of all life.  It must take care to keep it pure. [The state] must see to it that...
Race Science Forced sterilization (500,000 in 10) 320,000 German outcasts: Alcoholics, homosexuals, depressed, schizophren...
Nuremburg Race Laws Women under 45 couldn’t work in Jewish households Marriage & sex between Jews & non-Jews forbidden Jew...
 
“ Jews Unwelcome” signs appeared in theaters, shops, pharmacies, hotels, restaurants, etc.
Could only sit on public benches marked for Jews
Jewish business’ Aryanized
All Jews had to take new middle names
Jewish passports marked with “J”
The Evian Conference Britain: “No room.” US: “We have a quota system.” Australia: “We don’t want the Jewish problem.” Cana...
Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass)
The  Saint Louis
Hitler elected democratically 1933 Boycott of Jewish business’ “ Civil Service” laws  (400 between ‘33-’39)
“ Degenerate Art” exhibit Forced sterilization of “inferiors” Separation of “pure” German and “inferior” people groups 193...
The  S.S. Saint Louis The Evian Conference Kristallnacht 1939 1938
3. Execution
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Transcript of "World War II"

  1. 1. World War II
  2. 2. Germany has to cede Alsace-Lorraine to France Germany has to cede coal mines in Saar to France Germany has to cede West-Prussia and all of Posen to the new country of POLAND Germany has to give up all colonies Germany has to cede all war materials to allies Germany not allowed to have: Tanks Warships Airplanes Poison Gas Germany must limit size of army & navy Germany must pay 20 billion gold marks
  3. 3. 440 Articles blamed Germany for WWI
  4. 5. Creating Democracies President Wilson “ 14 Points”
  5. 6. Creating Democracies President Wilson “ 14 Points” President Bush Iraq War
  6. 7. “ The way Europe worked for centuries was through war, displacement of citizens, and restructuring of national borders.”
  7. 8. Wilson’s Goals: Make the world safe for democracy
  8. 9. Wilson’s Goals: Make the world safe for democracy Carve up Europe (Based on nationalities)
  9. 10. Wilson’s Goals: Make the world safe for democracy Carve up Europe Force DEMOCRATIC governments (Based on nationalities)
  10. 11. Nationalism: 1. Division of Europe by nationalities...
  11. 12. Nationalism: 1. Division of Europe by nationalities... 2. Loyalty to country & its people* ABOVE ALL ELSE
  12. 13. Nationalism: 1. Division of Europe by nationalities... 2. Loyalty to country & its people* ABOVE ALL ELSE *People of the same blood regardless of geography
  13. 14. SOVIET UNION
  14. 15. 1. “Uncle Joe” became leader of Soviets Stalin’s Goals:
  15. 16. 1. “Uncle Joe” became leader of Soviets Stalin’s Goals: 2. Tried to create the perfect Communist state
  16. 17. 1. “Uncle Joe” became leader of Soviets Stalin’s Goals: 3. Abolished private farms, established collectives massive industrialization 2. Tried to create the perfect Communist state
  17. 18. ITALY
  18. 19. Mussolini’s Rise: 1. Unemployment + inflation = strikes
  19. 20. Mussolini’s Rise: 1. Unemployment + inflation = strikes 2. Upper-class wanted government help
  20. 21. Mussolini’s Rise: 1. Unemployment + inflation = strikes 2. Upper-class wanted government help 3. Benito Mussolini = NATIONALISM
  21. 22. Mussolini’s Rise: 1. Unemployment + inflation = strikes 2. Upper-class wanted government help 3. Benito Mussolini = NATIONALISM 4. Practiced TOTALITARIANISM
  22. 23. Totalitarianism: <ul><li>Method of control in which a country’s individuals have little or no freedoms separate from the government’s wishes </li></ul>
  23. 24. GERMANY
  24. 26. Hitler promised to raise Germany from the shame of the Treaty of Versailles
  25. 27. The League of Nations FAILS
  26. 28. The League of Nations FAILS It’s fatal flaw? No military for enforcement
  27. 29. The League of Nations FAILS It’s fatal flaw? No military for enforcement Failure in Japan
  28. 30. The League of Nations FAILS It’s fatal flaw? No military for enforcement Failure in Japan Hitler increased size of army
  29. 31. The League of Nations FAILS It’s fatal flaw? No military for enforcement Failure in Japan Hitler increased size of army The League couldn’t stop him
  30. 32. The League of Nations FAILS It’s fatal flaw? No military for enforcement Failure in Japan Hitler increased size of army The League couldn’t stop him Italy gave all power to Il Duce
  31. 33. The League of Nations FAILS It’s fatal flaw? No military for enforcement Failure in Japan Hitler increased size of army The League couldn’t stop him Italy gave all power to Il Duce The League did nothing
  32. 34. Isolationism: <ul><li>Belief that one’s country should stay out of other countries conflicts </li></ul>The “America First” Committee
  33. 35. “ ...and the Wolf chewed up the children and spit out their bones...But those were Foreign Children and it didn’t really matter.”
  34. 36. Hitler’s Rise to Power Germany asks France For moratorium—France Refuses France controls Germany’s richest production area German workers strike/inflation rises 1922
  35. 37. Hitler’s Rise to Power Hitler acts out “Beer Hall Putsch” “ Putsch” fails Hitler imprisoned Writes “ Mein Kampf ” Mein Kampf explains principles of Nazism
  36. 38. Hitler’s Rise to Power Hitler gains a following as a savior Democratically elected as PM of Weimar Establishes the Third Reich 1933
  37. 39. Austria (formerly Austria-Hungary” was not allowed to join Germany... Hitler takes Austria
  38. 40. “ German Austria must unite itself with the German Motherland...” —Hitler Mein Kampf
  39. 41. Austria (formerly Austria-Hungary” was not allowed to join Germany... Austrian Chancellor accepted Hitler’s terms for control of Austria (by vote) Hitler takes Austria
  40. 43. Austria (formerly Austria-Hungary” was not allowed to join Germany... Austrian Chancellor accepted Hitler’s terms for control of Austria (by vote) Hitler invaded Austria (1938) Hitler takes Austria
  41. 44. Czechoslovakia
  42. 45. Czechoslovakia Czechs...7,447,000
  43. 46. Czechoslovakia Czechs...7,447,000 Germans...3,218,000
  44. 47. Czechoslovakia Czechs...7,447,000 Germans...3,218,000 Slovaks...2,309,000
  45. 48. Czechoslovakia Czechs...7,447,000 Germans...3,218,000 Slovaks...2,309,000 Magyars...729,000
  46. 49. Czechoslovakia Czechs...7,447,000 Germans...3,218,000 Slovaks...2,309,000 Magyars...729,000 Ruthenes...569,000
  47. 50. Czechoslovakia Czechs...7,447,000 Germans...3,218,000 Slovaks...2,309,000 Magyars...729,000 Ruthenes...569,000 Poles...100,000
  48. 51. Czechoslovakia Czechs...7,447,000 Germans...3,218,000 Slovaks...2,309,000 Magyars...729,000 Ruthenes...569,000 Poles...100,000 Others...266,000
  49. 52. Hitler takes Czechoslovakia Sudetenland contained large # of German-speaking , pro-Nazi population
  50. 53. Hitler takes Czechoslovakia Sudetenland contained large # of German-speaking , pro-Nazi population Hitler & Chamberlain met 3 times over the Sudetenland in N. Czechoslovakia
  51. 54. Hitler takes Czechoslovakia Sudetenland contained large # of German-speaking , pro-Nazi population Hitler & Chamberlain met 3 times over the Sudetenland in N. Czechoslovakia The Munich Agreement (Sudetenland would be Hitler’s last demand)
  52. 55. Hitler & Stalin Soviet Union signed non-aggression pact With Germany
  53. 56. Hitler & Stalin Soviet Union signed non-aggression pact With Germany Stalin gained eastern half of Poland
  54. 57. Hitler’s Attack Style BLITZKRIEG
  55. 58. Stage 1: Air bombing Stage 2: Tanks & Artillery
  56. 59. Stage 3: Flanking Infantry
  57. 60. Highly effective fighting style Fighting in Poland was over in 3 weeks
  58. 61. Hitler takes France Hitler planned to attack France after Poland
  59. 62. Hitler takes France Hitler planned to attack France after Poland French behind “Maginot Line”
  60. 63. Hitler takes France Hitler planned to attack France after Poland French behind “Maginot Line” Germans behind “Siegfried Line”
  61. 64. Hitler takes France Hitler planned to attack France after Poland French behind “Maginot Line” Germans behind “Siegfried Line” A year spent waiting = “Phony War”
  62. 65. Hitler takes France Hitler attacked Belgium & “walked to France”
  63. 66. Hitler takes France Hitler attacked Belgium & “walked to France” Handed France his surrender terms
  64. 67. Hitler takes France Hitler attacked Belgium & “walked to France” Handed France his surrender terms Germany controlled N. France
  65. 68. Hitler takes France Hitler attacked Belgium & “walked to France” Handed France his surrender terms Germany controlled N. France S. France was puppet government (“Vichy”)
  66. 69. Britain Poland Romania
  67. 70. Greece Turkey
  68. 71. Soviet Union Britain Got Entangled
  69. 72. The Holocaust
  70. 73. Nazi plan for Weimar Republic Disband the Reichstag
  71. 74. “ We will become members of the Reichstag in order to disable the Weimar order with its own acquiescence...We come as enemies.” — Joseph Goebbels
  72. 75. Nazi plan for Weimar Republic Disband the Reichstag Reichstag burns & Hitler blames the communists
  73. 76. Nazi plan for Weimar Republic Disband the Reichstag Reichstag burns & Hitler blames the communists President Von Hindenburg suspended individuals & civil rights
  74. 77. Nazi plan for Weimar Republic Hitler elected democratically
  75. 78. Nazi plan for Weimar Republic Actions against “inferiors” began a month later Hitler elected democratically
  76. 79. Nazi plan for Weimar Republic Actions against “inferiors” began a month later Hitler elected democratically One of the first actions was the “Jewish boycott”
  77. 80. Elimination of a race required 3 steps: <ul><li>Marginalization </li></ul>2. Government action 3. Execution
  78. 81. 1. Marginalization
  79. 82. Before Hitler, most Jews were comfortable as German citizens... Converted to Christianity Married non-Jews 100,000+ fought for Germany during WWI Taught in German Universities
  80. 83. Nazis required a boycott of all Jewish owned shops and business’
  81. 84. “ Germans! Defend yourselves! Don’t buy from Jews.” “ The Jews are our misfortune!” “ JUDE”
  82. 85. “ Nazification” of Culture Distinguishing between “pure” German (Nazi) culture & inferior cultures
  83. 86. “ Nazification” of Culture Distinguishing between “pure” German (Nazi) culture & inferior cultures Hundreds of Thousands of “ un-German” books were burned
  84. 88. “ Nazification” of Culture Germany relied on PROPAGANDA
  85. 89. “ Nazification” of Culture Germany relied on PROPAGANDA Joseph Goebbels—Master of Propaganda
  86. 90. “ Nazification” of Culture Germany relied on PROPAGANDA Controlled press, radio, film, art, music, and public events Joseph Goebbels—Master of Propaganda
  87. 94. “ Nazification” of Culture 1937—Degenerate Art Exhibit
  88. 95. “ Nazification” of Culture 1937—Degenerate Art Exhibit Degenerate Art —art that doesn’t glorify Aryan race
  89. 96. “ Nazification” of Culture 1937—Degenerate Art Exhibit Exhibit was designed to emphasize the arts’ “ugliness” Degenerate Art —art that doesn’t glorify Aryan race
  90. 102. 2. Government Action
  91. 103. Jews & the Law 400 laws limiting Jewish citizens between (1933-1939)
  92. 104. Jews & the Law 400 laws limiting Jewish citizens between (1933-1939) Civil Service Law
  93. 105. Jews & the Law 400 laws limiting Jewish citizens between (1933-1939) Nazis even created a “science” based on Jewish/German differences Civil Service Law
  94. 106. “ [the] state must set race in the center of all life. It must take care to keep it pure. [The state] must see to it that only the healthy beget children...” —Hitler Mein Kampf
  95. 107. Race Science Forced sterilization (500,000 in 10) 320,000 German outcasts: Alcoholics, homosexuals, depressed, schizophrenics, “work shy” Instituted euthanasia (execution) Mentally insane, handicapped, retarded
  96. 108. Nuremburg Race Laws Women under 45 couldn’t work in Jewish households Marriage & sex between Jews & non-Jews forbidden Jews are not German citizens Subjects of the state
  97. 110. “ Jews Unwelcome” signs appeared in theaters, shops, pharmacies, hotels, restaurants, etc.
  98. 111. Could only sit on public benches marked for Jews
  99. 112. Jewish business’ Aryanized
  100. 113. All Jews had to take new middle names
  101. 114. Jewish passports marked with “J”
  102. 115. The Evian Conference Britain: “No room.” US: “We have a quota system.” Australia: “We don’t want the Jewish problem.” Canada: “We’ll take farmers only.”
  103. 116. Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass)
  104. 117. The Saint Louis
  105. 118. Hitler elected democratically 1933 Boycott of Jewish business’ “ Civil Service” laws (400 between ‘33-’39)
  106. 119. “ Degenerate Art” exhibit Forced sterilization of “inferiors” Separation of “pure” German and “inferior” people groups 1937 1934 1935
  107. 120. The S.S. Saint Louis The Evian Conference Kristallnacht 1939 1938
  108. 121. 3. Execution
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