World War I
“ The War to End all Wars.”
Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary Was assassinated-1914
ASSASSINATED
(Wanted Bosnia to separate from Austria-Hungary) The Black Hand
Political Alliances were made… GERMANY+AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
Political Alliances were made… GERMANY+AUSTRIA-HUNGARY AUSTRIA-HUNGARY+OTTOMAN EMPIRE THE CENTRAL POWERS
RUSSIA+SERBIA FRANCE+GREAT BRITAIN UNITED STATES + NUMEROUS OTHERS THE ALLIED POWERS
The Trench System
Trenches were a German creation
British and French Troops had little choice but to dig in as well
The Result? STALEMATE
The Trench System
 
 
The Front-Line Trench 7’ X 6’
The Front-Line Trench 7’ X 6’ Parapet topped with sandbags
The Front-Line Trench 7’ X 6’ Parapet topped with sandbags Dug at angles
The Front-Line Trench 7’ X 6’ Parapet topped with sandbags Dug at angles Faced “No-Man’s Land”
 
The Support Trench 2 nd  line of defense
The Support Trench 2 nd  line of defense  Connected to Front-line with Communication Trench
 
The Reserve Trench Last line of defense
The Reserve Trench Last line of defense  Often connected to nearest town
Photo by: desert11sailor @ Flickr.com
The Trench System
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The U.S. goes  “ over there”
FALSE
Why did the US not get involved sooner?
Why did the US not get involved sooner?   Neutrality & Isolationism
Why did the US not get involved sooner?   Neutrality & Isolationism  Irish wanted revolution!
Why did the US not get involved sooner?   Neutrality & Isolationism  Irish wanted revolution!  German-Americans wanted pea...
The  Lusitania   German officials warned US not to sail on British ships
The  Lusitania   German U-Boats torpedoed the British ship…
128 DEAD AMERICANS
What caused the US to get involved?
What caused the US to get involved?   The  Lusitania  (not major cause)
What caused the US to get involved?   The  Lusitania  (not major cause)  1917-Germans began U-Boat attacks against all mer...
What caused the US to get involved?   The  Lusitania  (not major cause)  1917-Germans began U-Boat attacks against all mer...
What caused the US to get involved?
What caused the US to get involved?   The  Zimmerman Telegram  discovered
What caused the US to get involved?   The  Zimmerman Telegram  discovered German plot to start a war between US & Mexico  =
What caused the US to get involved?   Germans attacked US ships  The  Zimmerman Telegram  discovered German plot to start ...
DURING PEACE TIME Industry   Banking   Commerce
DURING WAR Industry   Banking   Commerce
POST-WAR EUROPE Russia Great Britain Serbia France US?
THE STAGE IS SET...
WWII
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World War I

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World War I

  1. 1. World War I
  2. 2. “ The War to End all Wars.”
  3. 3. Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary Was assassinated-1914
  4. 4. ASSASSINATED
  5. 5. (Wanted Bosnia to separate from Austria-Hungary) The Black Hand
  6. 6. Political Alliances were made… GERMANY+AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
  7. 7. Political Alliances were made… GERMANY+AUSTRIA-HUNGARY AUSTRIA-HUNGARY+OTTOMAN EMPIRE THE CENTRAL POWERS
  8. 8. RUSSIA+SERBIA FRANCE+GREAT BRITAIN UNITED STATES + NUMEROUS OTHERS THE ALLIED POWERS
  9. 9. The Trench System
  10. 10. Trenches were a German creation
  11. 11. British and French Troops had little choice but to dig in as well
  12. 12. The Result? STALEMATE
  13. 13. The Trench System
  14. 16. The Front-Line Trench 7’ X 6’
  15. 17. The Front-Line Trench 7’ X 6’ Parapet topped with sandbags
  16. 18. The Front-Line Trench 7’ X 6’ Parapet topped with sandbags Dug at angles
  17. 19. The Front-Line Trench 7’ X 6’ Parapet topped with sandbags Dug at angles Faced “No-Man’s Land”
  18. 21. The Support Trench 2 nd line of defense
  19. 22. The Support Trench 2 nd line of defense Connected to Front-line with Communication Trench
  20. 24. The Reserve Trench Last line of defense
  21. 25. The Reserve Trench Last line of defense Often connected to nearest town
  22. 26. Photo by: desert11sailor @ Flickr.com
  23. 27. The Trench System
  24. 43. The U.S. goes “ over there”
  25. 44. FALSE
  26. 45. Why did the US not get involved sooner?
  27. 46. Why did the US not get involved sooner? Neutrality & Isolationism
  28. 47. Why did the US not get involved sooner? Neutrality & Isolationism Irish wanted revolution!
  29. 48. Why did the US not get involved sooner? Neutrality & Isolationism Irish wanted revolution! German-Americans wanted peace
  30. 49. The Lusitania German officials warned US not to sail on British ships
  31. 50. The Lusitania German U-Boats torpedoed the British ship…
  32. 51. 128 DEAD AMERICANS
  33. 52. What caused the US to get involved?
  34. 53. What caused the US to get involved? The Lusitania (not major cause)
  35. 54. What caused the US to get involved? The Lusitania (not major cause) 1917-Germans began U-Boat attacks against all merchant ships
  36. 55. What caused the US to get involved? The Lusitania (not major cause) 1917-Germans began U-Boat attacks against all merchant ships INCLUDING US SHIPS
  37. 56. What caused the US to get involved?
  38. 57. What caused the US to get involved? The Zimmerman Telegram discovered
  39. 58. What caused the US to get involved? The Zimmerman Telegram discovered German plot to start a war between US & Mexico =
  40. 59. What caused the US to get involved? Germans attacked US ships The Zimmerman Telegram discovered German plot to start a war between US & Mexico =
  41. 60. DURING PEACE TIME Industry Banking Commerce
  42. 61. DURING WAR Industry Banking Commerce
  43. 62. POST-WAR EUROPE Russia Great Britain Serbia France US?
  44. 63. THE STAGE IS SET...
  45. 64. WWII
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