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CHANGE!
Progressive Era

1900-1920
Essential Questions
8.1 Identify areas effected by reforms.
8.3 How did the role of government change
during the Progressi...
CHANGE!
Progressive Era

1900-1920
EXCESS
CLASSISM
CHANGE!
What is Progressivism?
<a belief>
1. American Society was capable of
improvement & continued growth and
advancement...
What is Progressivism?
<a belief>
2. Progress would only occur through human
intervention to solve problems
AMERICANS EXPECTED
A growing emphasis on expertise &
professionalism in all aspects of society.
REFORMERS
WANTED TO:

Build a better society
REFORMERS
WANTED TO:

Spread the Social Gospel
REFORMERS
WANTED TO:

Get the Facts
& then some.
WHAT WERE
PROGRESSIVE
MOVEMENTS?

Business
Political
Women’s Rights
Temperance
Immigration

?
What is a Reform?

any structured change in appearance or
operation of a person, place, thing, or idea
1893
WHAT WERE
PROGRESSIVE
MOVEMENTS?

Business

?
“One sees his future unless good government retakes the ship.”
Consumer protection laws
WHAT WERE
PROGRESSIVE
MOVEMENTS?

Business
Political

?
Municipal
State

National/Maverick
Municipal
State
Bribery was used to quiet city officials
and whistleblowers who might challenge
the monopolization of local industries.
City Commissioner plan: 1900
Based on principles of scientific
management successful in the business
sector of American society.
City Manager plan
TWO KEY GOALS:
1. Restore sovereignty to the people
2. Create a virtuous electorate
TWO KEY GOALS:
1. Restore sovereignty to the people
Like a

boss
(tweed)
Progressive Politics
Was all about giving the

POWER
TO THE
PEOPLE
US Senate added 17th
Amendment in 1912 for
direct election of senators.
TWO KEY GOALS:
1. Restore sovereignty to the people
2. Create a virtuous electorate
National/Maverick
THEODORE REX
1900

Democrat Bryan vs.
Republican McKinley
“No republic can permanently exist
when it becomes a republic of classes.”
-Theodore Roosevelt
Limit
power of
trusts

Promote
public
safety

Promote
public
health

Improve
working
conditions

“Square Deal”
“Good Trusts”
Those which can be controlled and
benefit the government.

Those with power exceeding the
reach of governmen...
“New Freedom”
Tariff reduction
Banking reform
Laws benefitting wage
earners & farmers
Anti-Trust legislation
[In the early 20th century] socialism
stood for the transfer of control over
big businesses from the capitalists
who owned...
1901: Socialist
Party of America
founded and
influenced
Progressivism.
By 1912 the Socialist Party
had 115,000 members, 1,200 held
elected office, and 300+ newspapers
spread the movement’s beli...
Eugene Debs
Mainstream Socialists
more respectful of
political, cultural, and
religious traditions.
“Gas & Water” Socialists
Evolutionary Socialists
that wanted to get away
from revolution and focus
on social services.
Why did socialism
become popular?
WHAT WERE
PROGRESSIVE
MOVEMENTS?

Business
Political
Women’s Rights
Temperance
Immigration

?
Suffrage-the legal ability
to vote

<Suffrage>
<Birth Control>
<“New Woman”>
STYLISH
ADVENTUROUS
INDEPENDENT
CAREER-MINDED
WHAT WERE
PROGRESSIVE
MOVEMENTS?

Business
Political
Women’s Rights
Temperance
Immigration

?
WHY?
The 18th Amendment prohibited
alcohol’s production, sale, and
consumption.
WHAT WERE
PROGRESSIVE
MOVEMENTS?

Business
Political
Women’s Rights
Temperance
Immigration

?
WHY?
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]
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An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]

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Moral looseness, prohibition, gin joints, moonshiners, jazz, Protestantism, Aimee Semple McPherson, flappers, Theodore Rex, reform...what's not to love? This presentation was given to Mr. Shomaker's American History classes over a little time called the Progressive Era.

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Transcript of "An Era of Change: the Progressive Era [Part 1]"

  1. 1. CHANGE! Progressive Era 1900-1920
  2. 2. Essential Questions 8.1 Identify areas effected by reforms. 8.3 How did the role of government change during the Progressive Era?
  3. 3. CHANGE! Progressive Era 1900-1920
  4. 4. EXCESS
  5. 5. CLASSISM
  6. 6. CHANGE!
  7. 7. What is Progressivism? <a belief> 1. American Society was capable of improvement & continued growth and advancement...
  8. 8. What is Progressivism? <a belief> 2. Progress would only occur through human intervention to solve problems
  9. 9. AMERICANS EXPECTED A growing emphasis on expertise & professionalism in all aspects of society.
  10. 10. REFORMERS WANTED TO: Build a better society
  11. 11. REFORMERS WANTED TO: Spread the Social Gospel
  12. 12. REFORMERS WANTED TO: Get the Facts & then some.
  13. 13. WHAT WERE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENTS? Business Political Women’s Rights Temperance Immigration ?
  14. 14. What is a Reform? any structured change in appearance or operation of a person, place, thing, or idea
  15. 15. 1893
  16. 16. WHAT WERE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENTS? Business ?
  17. 17. “One sees his future unless good government retakes the ship.”
  18. 18. Consumer protection laws
  19. 19. WHAT WERE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENTS? Business Political ?
  20. 20. Municipal State National/Maverick
  21. 21. Municipal
  22. 22. State
  23. 23. Bribery was used to quiet city officials and whistleblowers who might challenge the monopolization of local industries.
  24. 24. City Commissioner plan: 1900
  25. 25. Based on principles of scientific management successful in the business sector of American society.
  26. 26. City Manager plan
  27. 27. TWO KEY GOALS: 1. Restore sovereignty to the people 2. Create a virtuous electorate
  28. 28. TWO KEY GOALS: 1. Restore sovereignty to the people
  29. 29. Like a boss (tweed)
  30. 30. Progressive Politics Was all about giving the POWER TO THE PEOPLE
  31. 31. US Senate added 17th Amendment in 1912 for direct election of senators.
  32. 32. TWO KEY GOALS: 1. Restore sovereignty to the people 2. Create a virtuous electorate
  33. 33. National/Maverick
  34. 34. THEODORE REX
  35. 35. 1900 Democrat Bryan vs. Republican McKinley
  36. 36. “No republic can permanently exist when it becomes a republic of classes.” -Theodore Roosevelt
  37. 37. Limit power of trusts Promote public safety Promote public health Improve working conditions “Square Deal”
  38. 38. “Good Trusts” Those which can be controlled and benefit the government. Those with power exceeding the reach of government. “Bad Trusts”
  39. 39. “New Freedom”
  40. 40. Tariff reduction Banking reform Laws benefitting wage earners & farmers Anti-Trust legislation
  41. 41. [In the early 20th century] socialism stood for the transfer of control over big businesses from the capitalists who owned them to the laboring masses who worked them.
  42. 42. 1901: Socialist Party of America founded and influenced Progressivism.
  43. 43. By 1912 the Socialist Party had 115,000 members, 1,200 held elected office, and 300+ newspapers spread the movement’s beliefs.
  44. 44. Eugene Debs Mainstream Socialists more respectful of political, cultural, and religious traditions.
  45. 45. “Gas & Water” Socialists Evolutionary Socialists that wanted to get away from revolution and focus on social services.
  46. 46. Why did socialism become popular?
  47. 47. WHAT WERE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENTS? Business Political Women’s Rights Temperance Immigration ?
  48. 48. Suffrage-the legal ability to vote <Suffrage> <Birth Control> <“New Woman”>
  49. 49. STYLISH
  50. 50. ADVENTUROUS
  51. 51. INDEPENDENT
  52. 52. CAREER-MINDED
  53. 53. WHAT WERE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENTS? Business Political Women’s Rights Temperance Immigration ?
  54. 54. WHY?
  55. 55. The 18th Amendment prohibited alcohol’s production, sale, and consumption.
  56. 56. WHAT WERE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENTS? Business Political Women’s Rights Temperance Immigration ?
  57. 57. WHY?

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