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Physical Science: Chapter 5, sec 1
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Physical Science: Chapter 5, sec 1

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Notes from Monday, 10/25/10

Notes from Monday, 10/25/10

Published in: Technology

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  • 1. Chapter 5, Sec 1Chapter 5, Sec 1 Notes from 10/25/10Notes from 10/25/10
  • 2. Elements, the SimplestElements, the Simplest SubstancesSubstances  AnAn elementelement is a pure substance that cannot beis a pure substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simplerseparated or broken down into simpler substances by physical or chemical means.substances by physical or chemical means.  AA pure substancepure substance is a substance in which allis a substance in which all of the “building-block” particles are identical.of the “building-block” particles are identical.  For elements, the building-block particles areFor elements, the building-block particles are calledcalled atoms.atoms.
  • 3. Classifying ElementsClassifying Elements  Each element can be classified by itsEach element can be classified by its unique set of characteristic properties.unique set of characteristic properties.  Characteristic propertiesCharacteristic properties include physicalinclude physical properties and chemical properties.properties and chemical properties.  Each element can be identified by itsEach element can be identified by its unique set of properties.unique set of properties.
  • 4. Grouping ElementsGrouping Elements  Elements are classified as metals, nonmetals,Elements are classified as metals, nonmetals, or metalloids based on their properties.or metalloids based on their properties.  MetalsMetals are shiny and conduct heat and electricare shiny and conduct heat and electric current.current. NonmetalsNonmetals are dull in appearance andare dull in appearance and do not conduct heat or electric current.do not conduct heat or electric current.  MetalloidsMetalloids have properties of both metals andhave properties of both metals and nonmetals.nonmetals.