Chemical Properties  Review 5
Chemical Properties 1 <ul><li>Which of the following best describes the atomic particle that engages in chemical reactions...
Chemical Properties 1 <ul><li>Which of the following best describes the atomic particle that engages in chemical reactions...
Chemical Properties 2 <ul><li>A solid reacts with 40g of liquid to produce a compound with a mass of 72g and a gas with a ...
Chemical Properties 2 <ul><li>A solid reacts with 40g of liquid to produce a compound with a mass of 72g and a gas with a ...
Chemical Properties 3 <ul><li>Which of the following correctly compares the elements in column 1A with the elements in the...
Chemical Properties 3 <ul><li>Which of the following correctly compares the elements in column 1A with the elements in the...
Chemical Properties 4 <ul><li>You have a sample of an unknown element. At room temperature, this element is a gas and reac...
Chemical Properties 4 <ul><li>You have a sample of an unknown element. At room temperature, this element is a gas and reac...
Chemical Properties 5 <ul><li>Which of the following could not be the element magnesium? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An ion with...
Chemical Properties 5 <ul><li>Which of the following could not be the element magnesium? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An ion with...
 
Chemical Properties 6 <ul><li>Which of the following particles is not a component of atoms? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>electron...
Chemical Properties 6 <ul><li>Which of the following particles is not a component of atoms? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>electron...
Chemical Properties 7 <ul><li>Most atoms are composed of electrons, protons, and neutrons. Which particles are found in th...
Chemical Properties 7 <ul><li>Most atoms are composed of electrons, protons, and neutrons. Which particles are found in th...
Chemical Properties 8 <ul><li>Which of the following is a compound? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atmospheric nitrogen (N 2 ) </li...
Chemical Properties 8 <ul><li>Which of the following is a compound? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atmospheric nitrogen (N 2 ) </li...
Chemical Properties 9 <ul><li>In a certain compound, two identical atoms each receive one electron from a third, different...
Chemical Properties 9 <ul><li>In a certain compound, two identical atoms each receive one electron from a third, different...
Chemical Properties 10 <ul><li>A certain compound consists of two elements. One of the elements in the compound is a react...
Chemical Properties 10 <ul><li>A certain compound consists of two elements. One of the elements in the compound is a react...
 
Chemical Properties 11 <ul><li>Chen takes a glass jar, sticks a candle to the lid, and then seals the jar. The mass of the...
Chemical Properties 11 <ul><li>Chen takes a glass jar, sticks a candle to the lid, and then seals the jar. The mass of the...
Chemical Properties 12 <ul><li>Which of the following is common to most chemical reactions? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The rele...
Chemical Properties 12 <ul><li>Which of the following is common to most chemical reactions? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The rele...
Chemical Properties 13 <ul><li>The periodic table is arranged in rows and columns. How are atoms of the elements that shar...
Chemical Properties 13 <ul><li>The periodic table is arranged in rows and columns. How are atoms of the elements that shar...
Chemical Properties 14 <ul><li>The elements in column 8A are known for their </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rare presence in compou...
Chemical Properties 14 <ul><li>The elements in column 8A are known for their </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rare presence in compou...
Chemical Properties 15 <ul><li>Which of the following best describes the elements located in 8B (columns 8 through 10)  </...
Chemical Properties 15 <ul><li>Which of the following best describes the elements located in 8B (columns 8 through 10)  </...
<ul><li>&quot;Remember, if you're not part of the solution, you're part of the precipitate!&quot; </li></ul>
 
 
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Chemical properties review

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Chemical properties review

  1. 1. Chemical Properties Review 5
  2. 2. Chemical Properties 1 <ul><li>Which of the following best describes the atomic particle that engages in chemical reactions? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive charge, little mass, found outside the nucleus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negative charge, little mass, found outside the nucleus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive charge, large mass, found inside the nucleus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negative charge, large mass, found outside the nucleus </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Chemical Properties 1 <ul><li>Which of the following best describes the atomic particle that engages in chemical reactions? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive charge, little mass, found outside the nucleus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negative charge, little mass, found outside the nucleus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive charge, large mass, found inside the nucleus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negative charge, large mass, found outside the nucleus </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Chemical Properties 2 <ul><li>A solid reacts with 40g of liquid to produce a compound with a mass of 72g and a gas with a mass of 8g. What was the mass of the original solid? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8g </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>32g </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40g </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>72g </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Chemical Properties 2 <ul><li>A solid reacts with 40g of liquid to produce a compound with a mass of 72g and a gas with a mass of 8g. What was the mass of the original solid? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8g </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>32g </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40g </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>72g </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Chemical Properties 3 <ul><li>Which of the following correctly compares the elements in column 1A with the elements in the middle columns? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The elements in column 1A are denser than the elements in the middle columns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The elements in the middle columns are poorer conductors of electricity than the elements in column 1A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The elements in column 1A are softer than the elements in the middle columns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The elements in the middle columns have a greater chemical reactivity than the elements in column 1A. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Chemical Properties 3 <ul><li>Which of the following correctly compares the elements in column 1A with the elements in the middle columns? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The elements in column 1A are denser than the elements in the middle columns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The elements in the middle columns are poorer conductors of electricity than the elements in column 1A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The elements in column 1A are softer than the elements in the middle columns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The elements in the middle columns have a greater chemical reactivity than the elements in column 1A. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Chemical Properties 4 <ul><li>You have a sample of an unknown element. At room temperature, this element is a gas and reacts easily with other elements to form compounds. In which column of the periodic table does this element most likely belong? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8A </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Chemical Properties 4 <ul><li>You have a sample of an unknown element. At room temperature, this element is a gas and reacts easily with other elements to form compounds. In which column of the periodic table does this element most likely belong? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8A </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Chemical Properties 5 <ul><li>Which of the following could not be the element magnesium? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An ion with 11 electrons, 12 protons, and 12 neutrons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An atom with 12 electrons, 12 protons, and 13 neutrons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An ion with 12 electrons, 13 protons, and 12 neutrons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An atom with 12 electrons, 12 protons, and 14 neutrons </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Chemical Properties 5 <ul><li>Which of the following could not be the element magnesium? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An ion with 11 electrons, 12 protons, and 12 neutrons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An atom with 12 electrons, 12 protons, and 13 neutrons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An ion with 12 electrons, 13 protons, and 12 neutrons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An atom with 12 electrons, 12 protons, and 14 neutrons </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Chemical Properties 6 <ul><li>Which of the following particles is not a component of atoms? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>electron </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>neutron </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>photon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>proton </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Chemical Properties 6 <ul><li>Which of the following particles is not a component of atoms? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>electron </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>neutron </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>photon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>proton </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Chemical Properties 7 <ul><li>Most atoms are composed of electrons, protons, and neutrons. Which particles are found in the nucleus of a gold atom? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protons only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neutrons only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrons and protons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protons and neutrons </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Chemical Properties 7 <ul><li>Most atoms are composed of electrons, protons, and neutrons. Which particles are found in the nucleus of a gold atom? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protons only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neutrons only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrons and protons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protons and neutrons </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Chemical Properties 8 <ul><li>Which of the following is a compound? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atmospheric nitrogen (N 2 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helium (He) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrogen ion (H + ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potassium chloride (KCl) </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Chemical Properties 8 <ul><li>Which of the following is a compound? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atmospheric nitrogen (N 2 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helium (He) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrogen ion (H + ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potassium chloride (KCl) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Chemical Properties 9 <ul><li>In a certain compound, two identical atoms each receive one electron from a third, different atom. Which compound is this? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnesium fluoride (MgF 2 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potassium sulfide (K 2 S) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lithium chloride (LiCl) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Chemical Properties 9 <ul><li>In a certain compound, two identical atoms each receive one electron from a third, different atom. Which compound is this? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnesium fluoride (MgF 2 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potassium sulfide (K 2 S) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lithium chloride (LiCl) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Chemical Properties 10 <ul><li>A certain compound consists of two elements. One of the elements in the compound is a reactive gas that easily accepts an electron when forming an ionic bond. This element is most likely? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluorine, F </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Krypton, Kr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potassium, K </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sodium, Na </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Chemical Properties 10 <ul><li>A certain compound consists of two elements. One of the elements in the compound is a reactive gas that easily accepts an electron when forming an ionic bond. This element is most likely? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluorine, F </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Krypton, Kr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potassium, K </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sodium, Na </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. Chemical Properties 11 <ul><li>Chen takes a glass jar, sticks a candle to the lid, and then seals the jar. The mass of the jar-candle system is 1.1kg. The candle is lit and the lid immediately closed. What will be the mass of the jar-candle system after the candle has burned? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exactly 1.1kg, because atoms were rearranged but not produced or destroyed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 1.1kg, because the flame absorbed all of the oxygen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 1.1kg, because the flame produced carbon dioxide, which has more mass than oxygen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 1.1kg, because the heat from the candle increased the boyancy of the air in the jar. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 25. Chemical Properties 11 <ul><li>Chen takes a glass jar, sticks a candle to the lid, and then seals the jar. The mass of the jar-candle system is 1.1kg. The candle is lit and the lid immediately closed. What will be the mass of the jar-candle system after the candle has burned? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exactly 1.1kg, because atoms were rearranged but not produced or destroyed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 1.1kg, because the flame absorbed all of the oxygen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 1.1kg, because the flame produced carbon dioxide, which has more mass than oxygen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 1.1kg, because the heat from the candle increased the boyancy of the air in the jar. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 26. Chemical Properties 12 <ul><li>Which of the following is common to most chemical reactions? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The release or absorption of heat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The production of new atoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A change in mass between reactants and products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The production of new elements </li></ul></ul>
  25. 27. Chemical Properties 12 <ul><li>Which of the following is common to most chemical reactions? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The release or absorption of heat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The production of new atoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A change in mass between reactants and products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The production of new elements </li></ul></ul>
  26. 28. Chemical Properties 13 <ul><li>The periodic table is arranged in rows and columns. How are atoms of the elements that share a column similar? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They have the same number of electrons in their outer shell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are all in the same state of matter on the Earth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are likely to react with each other to form compounds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are all isotopes of each other </li></ul></ul>
  27. 29. Chemical Properties 13 <ul><li>The periodic table is arranged in rows and columns. How are atoms of the elements that share a column similar? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They have the same number of electrons in their outer shell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are all in the same state of matter on the Earth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are likely to react with each other to form compounds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are all isotopes of each other </li></ul></ul>
  28. 30. Chemical Properties 14 <ul><li>The elements in column 8A are known for their </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rare presence in compounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Willingness to share electrons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High melting points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extreme density </li></ul></ul>
  29. 31. Chemical Properties 14 <ul><li>The elements in column 8A are known for their </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rare presence in compounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Willingness to share electrons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High melting points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extreme density </li></ul></ul>
  30. 32. Chemical Properties 15 <ul><li>Which of the following best describes the elements located in 8B (columns 8 through 10) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low in density, low electrical conductivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low thermal conductivity, high melting point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High malleability, high density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low ductility, high thermal conductivity </li></ul></ul>
  31. 33. Chemical Properties 15 <ul><li>Which of the following best describes the elements located in 8B (columns 8 through 10) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low in density, low electrical conductivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low thermal conductivity, high melting point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High malleability, high density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low ductility, high thermal conductivity </li></ul></ul>
  32. 34. <ul><li>&quot;Remember, if you're not part of the solution, you're part of the precipitate!&quot; </li></ul>
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