Workplace environment computer_comfort

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Workplace environment computer_comfort

  1. 1. Computer Comfort
  2. 2. Work-Related MSDs
  3. 3. Work-Related MSDsMusculoskeletal disorders, or MSDs,are the most common and expensiveworkplace injuries.
  4. 4. Work-Related MSDsMSDs are injuries of the muscles,nerves, tendons, ligaments, joints,cartilage and spinal disks.
  5. 5. Work-Related MSDs• Carpal Tunnel Syndrome• Tendinitis• Sciatica• Herniated Disk• Lower Back Pain
  6. 6. Work-Related MSDsMSDs are preventable.
  7. 7. Understanding Neutral Postures
  8. 8. Neutral PosturesErgonomics is the science of fitting thejob to the worker.
  9. 9. Neutral PosturesSince everyone is different, tools andwork areas need to be adjusted to fiteach individual.
  10. 10. Neutral PosturesGood posture incorporates properalignment of the bones, balanced use ofthe muscles and ease of movement.
  11. 11. Neutral PosturesNeutral postures give us morestrength and endurance.
  12. 12. Neutral PosturesTo minimize risk of developing MSDs,maintain neutral posture and avoidextreme postures.
  13. 13. Neutral PosturesFit your tools and workplace toyour body size.
  14. 14. Cumulative Trauma Disorders
  15. 15. Carpal Tunnel SyndromeCarpal tunnel syndrome is the mostwidely known form of cumulativetrauma disorder.
  16. 16. Carpal Tunnel SyndromeThe carpal tunnel is the opening in thehand between the transverse carpalligament and the wrist bones.
  17. 17. Carpal Tunnel SyndromePotential causes are repetitive motion,such as typing, or poor positioning ofwrist while working.
  18. 18. Carpal Tunnel SyndromeSymptoms include pain or numbnessin the hand, sometimes progressing tothe shoulder or even neck.
  19. 19. Carpal Tunnel SyndromeCan result in permanent weakness inthe hand and muscular atrophy.
  20. 20. Spine and Back InjuriesResult from sitting for long periods.
  21. 21. Spine and Back InjuriesResult from poor posture and incorrectseating at the computer.
  22. 22. Spine and Back InjuriesUse your chair correctly, moveyour body and ergonomicallyposition all equipment.
  23. 23. Customizing Your Workstation
  24. 24. Workstation• Support feet• Keep hips higher than knees• Bend elbows
  25. 25. Workstation• Don’t reach out• Keep print at eye level• Keep eyes straight ahead• Don’t tip or lift chin
  26. 26. WorkstationPlace your keyboard with upper armsrelaxed, and bend elbows at 90 degrees.
  27. 27. WorkstationAdjust the height of desk or keyboardtray and use a footrest.
  28. 28. WorkstationTop of monitor should be eye level.
  29. 29. WorkstationEye to monitor should be arm’slength – 16 to 32 inches.
  30. 30. WorkstationCopyholder should be at arm’s length.
  31. 31. WorkstationLights shouldn’t be so bright that theycompete with monitor.
  32. 32. WorkstationTo eliminate glare, place the monitor90 degrees from the window andadjust the blinds.
  33. 33. WorkstationShine task lights on documents,not the screen.
  34. 34. WorkstationUse low-wattage bulb.
  35. 35. Adjusting Your Chair
  36. 36. ChairWhen your chair is properlyadjusted, your muscles andligaments properly support thealignment of your spine and body.
  37. 37. ChairVary chair angles and sitting posturesthroughout the day.
  38. 38. ChairSupport feet on the floor and find thelever that controls the chair height.
  39. 39. ChairAdjust the chair so your hips arehigher than your knees.
  40. 40. ChairMatch height of backrest so curvematches your back.
  41. 41. ChairArmrests should barely touch arms.
  42. 42. ChairExperiment with different angles onbackrest and seat pan.
  43. 43. ChairEvery couple of hours, move thechair a few degrees forward andthen a few back.
  44. 44. ChairGetting up from your chair frequentlyto stand and stretch can also be helpful.
  45. 45. Using Keyboard and Mouse
  46. 46. Keyboard and MouseProper keyboard and mousetechniques will soothe your muscles,tendons and joints.
  47. 47. KeyboardKeep your wrists straight and flattenthe back legs on the keyboard.
  48. 48. KeyboardYour wrists should hover or floatabove the wristrest and armrests whenyou’re keying.
  49. 49. KeyboardUse the rest only when you pause inyour work.
  50. 50. KeyboardPractice a very light keystroke withyour curved, relaxed fingers movingfluidly over the keys.
  51. 51. KeyboardTake care not to overreach andoverstretch your fingers.
  52. 52. MousePosition the mouse at the same heightand distance as the keyboard.
  53. 53. MouseMove the mouse with shouldermotions – not wrist deviations.
  54. 54. MouseDon’t squeeze the mouse; hold it verylightly and relax any unnecessarytension in the fingers.
  55. 55. MouseClean the mouse ball every so often.
  56. 56. Tips and Techniques
  57. 57. Tips and TechniquesTake frequent mini-breaks.
  58. 58. Tips and TechniquesLearn to listen to your body.
  59. 59. Tips and TechniquesFocus on a distant object every20 to 30 minutes.
  60. 60. Tips and TechniquesStand and stretch frequently.
  61. 61. Tips and TechniquesStand with both feet firmly andevenly planted on the ground.
  62. 62. Tips and TechniquesVary tasks as much as possiblethroughout the day.
  63. 63. Tips and TechniquesUse a phone book to raise monitorto correct height.
  64. 64. Tips and TechniquesUse eraser to raise frontedge of keyboard.
  65. 65. Tips and TechniquesSupport feet on a 3-inch binder.
  66. 66. Tips and TechniquesUse cardboard to make a monitorhood to prevent glare on screen.
  67. 67. Computer Comfort
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