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  • 1. The 1920’s Culture
  • 2. JAZZ • Who were the first Jazz Musicians? – African Americans • Where was Jazz born? – New Orleans • When did Jazz appear nationwide? – The early 1920s • Why did Jazz spread past New Orleans? – Violence and racism resurfaced in New Orleans and Jazz musicians fled to cities like Chicago, New York, and Kansas City
  • 3. JAZZ "The true spirit of jazz is a joyous revolt from convention, custom, authority, boredom, even sorrow-- from everything that would confine the soul of man and hinder its riding free on the air." ~ J.A. Rogers, "Jazz at Home," The Survey Graphic, 1925
  • 4. 1920s Jazz Musicians Bix Beiderbecke Duke Ellington
  • 5. 1920s Jazz Musicians Jelly Roll Morton Earl Hines
  • 6. 1920s Jazz Musicians Kid Ory Louis Armstrong
  • 7. 1920s Jazz Musicians Joe “King” Oliver Paul Whiteman
  • 8. The Charleston • The Social dance - popular in the mid-1920s. • Thought to have come from Cape Verdes Isles in Africa
  • 9. 1920s Fashion
  • 10. 1920s Fashion
  • 11. 1920s Fashion – The Men • Stemmed from sports or gangsters • Wanted to appear “dapper.” • Baggy pants, polished shoes, and a handkerchief in the pocket • The baggy zoot suit worn for fancy occasions
  • 12. Flappers • F. Scott Fitzgerald said "lovely, expensive, and about nineteen.“ • Rebelling from societal norms • Short Sleek hair, short shapeless dresses, lots of makeup • Frequenters of nightclubs
  • 13. 1920s Fashion – The Flapper
  • 14. Flappers The Playful flapper here we see, The fairest of the fair. She's not what Grandma used to be, -- You might say, au contraire. Her girlish ways may make a stir, Her manners cause a scene, But there is no more harm in her Than in a submarine. She nightly knocks for many a goal The usual dancing men. Her speed is great, but her control Is something else again. All spotlights focus on her pranks. All tongues her prowess herald. For which she well may render thanks To God and Scott Fitzgerald. Her golden rule is plain enough - Just get them young and treat them rough.
  • 15. Prohibition • 18th Amendment outlawed the transporting, selling, manufacturing of Alcohol. • Widely ignored • Lead to Organize Crime
  • 16. The 1920s Night Club “Speakeasies” • Offered an intense experience • Entertainment tended toward adult fare • “Alcohol" was central to the experience. • The Night Clubs also had their dark side.
  • 17. Two Cultural Movements 1. The Harlem Renaissance - Rebirth of African-American culture - Literature, art, music, dance - Took place primarily in Harlem • Factors in the development of the Harlem Renaissance were: 1. African-American urban migration 2. Trends toward experimentation throughout the country 3. The rise of radical African-American intellectuals. • Never before had so many Americans embraced the African-American culture.
  • 18. The Harlem Renaissance
  • 19. The Harlem Renaissance Dreams Hold fast to dreams For if dreams die Life is a broken-winged bird That cannot fly. Hold fast to dreams For when dreams go Life is a barren field Frozen with snow. by Langston Hughes
  • 20. Two Cultural Movements 2. The Lost Generation 1. Rejection of American Materialism 2. Looking for the Meaning of Life, after quick change from war. 3. Intellectuals, poets, artists and writers
  • 21. The Lost Generation "The Hollow Men" We are the hollow men We are the stuffed men Leaning together Headpiece filled with straw Our dried voices, when We whisper together Are quiet and meaningless As wind in dry grass Or rat's feet over broken glass In our dry cellar by T.S. Eliot
  • 22. Motion Pictures • New Pastime: THE MOVIES! • Silent movies became "talkies" when sound was finally added. • Charlie Chaplin most famous silent actor
  • 23. Motion Pictures •The best movies of the decade were "Treasure Island" and "Ben Hur” and “The Jazz Singer.”
  • 24. Baseball • The New American Pastime • Radio Broadcasts, Stadiums, and Sports Sections in Newspapers • Celebrities like Babe Ruth • A Spectator Sport for the Working Class: Myth vs. Reality
  • 25. Slang Words All wet Applesauce what you say when you are angry "Oh, applesauce!" describes a wrong idea or person He's all wet.
  • 26. Slang Words The Big Cheese The Cat’s Meow something splendid or wonderful the best the most important person the boss Cheaters eyeglasses Jake OK Everything is Jake.
  • 27. Slang Words Dogs Giggle Water Alcohol Feet Heebie Jeebies A Scary Nervous Feeling Jalopy An Old Car Moll A Gangster’s Girlfriend
  • 28. Slang Words Pushover Scram Alcohol Someone easily convinced Swell Wonderful Upchuck Vomit
  • 29. Is the 1920s for you? Would you want to live in the 1920s? Why or Why not?