Things Fall Apart  Chapter 10 Close Reading By: Ms Faith Ong
Themes in “TFA” <ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition and Customs </li></ul><ul><li>Respect and Reputation </li></ul>...
Traditions and Customs <ul><li>Community’s Judicial System </li></ul><ul><li>Proper Court Hearing// Western Judicial Pract...
Gender/ Traditions <ul><li>“It was clear from the way the crowd stood or sat that the ceremony was for men.” </li></ul><ul...
Tradition/Customs/Rituals <ul><li>Role of Music </li></ul><ul><li>“ an iron gong sounded, setting up a wave of expectation...
Religion/ Language <ul><li>“ filled the air as the spirits of the ancestors, just emerged from the earth, greeted themselv...
Gender <ul><li>Role of Women </li></ul><ul><li>“ who saw only its back with the many-coloured patterns and drawings done b...
Religion <ul><li>Predominantly Male- centered </li></ul><ul><li>Women were not allowed much ‘say’ in the “most powerful an...
Traditions <ul><li>Strength/ Unity of the Clan </li></ul><ul><li>Proper System </li></ul><ul><li>“ Each of the nine egwugw...
Okonkwo <ul><li>A parallel is drawn between him and one of the chosen ones/ egwugwu </li></ul><ul><li>“ the second egwugwu...
Judicial System <ul><li>Egwugwu// Jury that a judge will lead </li></ul><ul><li>Subject: Domestic Violence </li></ul><ul><...
Violence  <ul><li>Individual vs Community </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage--> Family’s Presence </li></ul><ul><li>vs Western Min...
Contd <ul><li>“ Evil Forest rose to his feet and order was immediately restored” </li></ul><ul><li>“ They were both Uzowul...
Domestic Violence <ul><li>“ I don’t know why such a trifle should come before the egwugwu” </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived as ...
Cont’d <ul><li>Easily Forgotten Issue </li></ul><ul><li>“ groups of people had replaced the girst before the egwugwu, and ...
Respect/ Reputation <ul><li>A man’s reputation/ status/ manliness depended on-- “if he was unable to rule his women and hi...
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Chpt 10 TFA Close Reading

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Attached is the Chpt 10 Close Reading for Things Fall Apart.. :)

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Chpt 10 TFA Close Reading

  1. 1. Things Fall Apart Chapter 10 Close Reading By: Ms Faith Ong
  2. 2. Themes in “TFA” <ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition and Customs </li></ul><ul><li>Respect and Reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Language and Communication </li></ul>
  3. 3. Traditions and Customs <ul><li>Community’s Judicial System </li></ul><ul><li>Proper Court Hearing// Western Judicial Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Social Boundaries: </li></ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><li>Men </li></ul><ul><li>Elders </li></ul>
  4. 4. Gender/ Traditions <ul><li>“It was clear from the way the crowd stood or sat that the ceremony was for men.” </li></ul><ul><li>“There were many women, but they looked on from the fringe like outsiders” </li></ul><ul><li>“The titled men and elders sat on their stools waiting for the trials to begin” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Tradition/Customs/Rituals <ul><li>Role of Music </li></ul><ul><li>“ an iron gong sounded, setting up a wave of expectation in the crowd” </li></ul><ul><li>“ the powerful flute blew a high-pitched blast” </li></ul><ul><li>“ drum sounded again and the flute blew” </li></ul><ul><li>a voice to reflect the mood (dignified, tense, suspenseful) of the Ibo Society </li></ul><ul><li>Build up the readers’ expectations of what is to come (the trial) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Religion/ Language <ul><li>“ filled the air as the spirits of the ancestors, just emerged from the earth, greeted themselves in their esoteric language” </li></ul><ul><li>Language: esoteric- only a few could understand it. Elders? Chosen Ones? </li></ul><ul><li>Close links with their past/ religion </li></ul>
  7. 7. Gender <ul><li>Role of Women </li></ul><ul><li>“ who saw only its back with the many-coloured patterns and drawings done by specially chosen women at regular intervals” </li></ul><ul><li>“ no woman ever asked questions about the most powerful and the most secret cult of the clan” </li></ul><ul><li>Women= Still played a role in these events BUT they had no voice/ silence. </li></ul><ul><li>“ if they imagined what was inside, they kept their imagination to themselves.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Religion <ul><li>Predominantly Male- centered </li></ul><ul><li>Women were not allowed much ‘say’ in the “most powerful and most secret cult” </li></ul><ul><li>“ nine of the greatest masked spirits in the clan came out together it was a terrifying spectacle” </li></ul><ul><li>As much as it is seen as “terrifying” or to be related with much awe/ reverence, it is also a spectacle aka a show/ performance that all of Umuofia had come to witness. It has great visual impact on its audiences. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Traditions <ul><li>Strength/ Unity of the Clan </li></ul><ul><li>Proper System </li></ul><ul><li>“ Each of the nine egwugwu represented a village of the clan. Their leader was called Evil Forest.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ He took the first of the empty stools and the eight other egwugwu began to sit in order of seniority after him” </li></ul>
  10. 10. Okonkwo <ul><li>A parallel is drawn between him and one of the chosen ones/ egwugwu </li></ul><ul><li>“ the second egwugwu had the springy walk of Okonkwo” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Okonkwo was not among the titled men and elders who sat behind the row of egwugwu” </li></ul><ul><li>Implications--> Fate/ Free Will </li></ul><ul><li>Okonkwo has certain traits but is there some kind of fate that holds him back from achieving a greater/ higher status? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Judicial System <ul><li>Egwugwu// Jury that a judge will lead </li></ul><ul><li>Subject: Domestic Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Uzowulu’s Beating of his wife (Pg 83) </li></ul><ul><li>Uzowulu: </li></ul><ul><li>“ I married her with my money and my yams” </li></ul><ul><li>Recall the semiotics of the yam.. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Violence <ul><li>Individual vs Community </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage--> Family’s Presence </li></ul><ul><li>vs Western Mindset towards Marriage (Union between 2 Individuals) </li></ul><ul><li>“ During those years no single day passed in the sky without his beating the woman” </li></ul><ul><li>A common scenario in a society such as Umuofia, nothing too out of the ordinary. </li></ul><ul><li>Uzowulu’s only form of social embarrassment is that he has to “beg his wife to return” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Contd <ul><li>“ Evil Forest rose to his feet and order was immediately restored” </li></ul><ul><li>“ They were both Uzowulu’s neighbours, and they agreed about the beating.” </li></ul><ul><li>Women- Property of Husbands </li></ul><ul><li>“ It is not bravery when a man fights with a woman.” --> Not a manly trait. Refer to Pg 47 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Domestic Violence <ul><li>“ I don’t know why such a trifle should come before the egwugwu” </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived as a small matter! </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection of the community’s views:Wife beating/ domestic violence is actually tolerated </li></ul><ul><li>Recall also Pg 26, Chpt 4 (Okonkwo’s Beating of his wife) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Cont’d <ul><li>Easily Forgotten Issue </li></ul><ul><li>“ groups of people had replaced the girst before the egwugwu, and a great land case began.” </li></ul><ul><li>A topic of greater consequence- land (ie status) and the issue of domestic violence is now history. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Respect/ Reputation <ul><li>A man’s reputation/ status/ manliness depended on-- “if he was unable to rule his women and his children (especially his women” he was not really a man” </li></ul><ul><li>Respect- had to given no matter what (it was not earned) to a man </li></ul><ul><li>Respect- Egwugwu, as a leader in the society “(Ozuwulu) will not listen to anyother decision” </li></ul>

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