Lecture on la haine

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Lecture on la haine

  1. 2. <ul><li>Slavery in France (1780’s) </li></ul><ul><li>The dependence on colonial slavery (Court Cases) </li></ul><ul><li>French Colonial & Postcolonial history in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>WWI and WW II: The Senegalese Shooters (Les Tirailleurs Sénégalais ) </li></ul><ul><li>Liberation of European cities by Africans </li></ul><ul><li>Film: Les Indigenes </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>1930’s France had a higher percentage of foreigners than the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants first flowed in from neighboring countries (Spain, Italy, Poland, Belgium) </li></ul><ul><li>(1914-1918) Aftermath of WWI, shortage of workforce </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment of foreign labor , mostly Polish (1930) </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in African immigration (1963) </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Recruitment of African labor to come and work in factories in the aftermath of WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of harsh living conditions to discourage permanent immigration. </li></ul><ul><li>The laborers end up staying and bring their families over. </li></ul><ul><li>Shift from “les bidonsvilles” to “Les banlieues”. </li></ul><ul><li>Social exclusion </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>The Extreme Right </li></ul><ul><li>National Front </li></ul><ul><li>Jean Marie LePen </li></ul><ul><li>National Preference rationale. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Second and third generation immigrants” </li></ul><ul><li>Inassimilability based on culture and ethnicity </li></ul><ul><li>“ pure Frenchness” </li></ul><ul><li>Liberty equality fraternity (contradiction) </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>LePen receiving 16% of the vote in 2002 1 st round. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Vote for the crook not the fascist”. </li></ul><ul><li>Sarcozy tough on immigration/ insecurity. </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Police Brutality </li></ul><ul><li>Children electrocuted </li></ul><ul><li>Mistrust of police </li></ul><ul><li>NWA: “Fuck the police” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jsDtfmfsyi8&feature=related </li></ul><ul><li>NTM: “Nique la Police” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DL0goigDM_0&feature=related </li></ul><ul><li>NTM: “ Qu'Est-Ce Qu'On Attend” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKrSVIDNLNY&feature=related </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Diverse ethnic cast: Black (Hubert), Arab (Said), Jew (Vinz). </li></ul><ul><li>Multi ethnic community in the banlieue </li></ul><ul><li>“ La mixité sociale” , Discouraging monoethnic communities in housing projects. </li></ul><ul><li>La Haine-multi ethnic </li></ul><ul><li>Do the right thing (Spike Lee)-Monoethnic </li></ul><ul><li>French riots of July 1995 </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>French Minister of the Interior and French Prime minister watched the film three times </li></ul><ul><li>Social commentary: Jusqu’ici tout vas bien. </li></ul><ul><li>The Tale of Gonvalsky (Bathroom scene) </li></ul><ul><li>Social determinism & Free choice </li></ul><ul><li>Social mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Tragic end </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Film inspired from Young Zairian (Makomé Bowole) who was shot dead while in police custody (the gun was said to have gone off accidentally) </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Ngijol commentary. </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants in the French media. </li></ul><ul><li>Television and Sound Bites. Subverted by Film </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>REPORTER: Hello, I'm from the TV, can we have a word with you? Do you know about the policeman's gun lost in the projects? Do you know who found it? And what would you do with it? </li></ul><ul><li>SAID: Do we look like troublemakers to you? </li></ul><ul><li>REPORTER: I didn't mean that.. </li></ul><ul><li>HUBERT [sincere]: Why don't you get out of the car. This isn't a safari park. </li></ul><ul><li>REPORTER: Well 'cos ... because we're late and we've lots of work to get through. [The car speeds away] </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Use of non professional actors </li></ul><ul><li>Documentary approach </li></ul><ul><li>Filmed on sight not in a studio </li></ul><ul><li>Newsreel footage at the beginning (establishing authenticity) </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Bob Marley song (anti-establishment, establishing authority through Bob Marley) </li></ul><ul><li>Use of foreground and background to give a sense of space and authenticity. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Shot in black and white, giving the film a sense of gravity </li></ul><ul><li>24 hour chronology, placing a sense of urgency </li></ul><ul><li>How does a boy wake up and end up being shot by the police at the end of the day? </li></ul><ul><li>Allusion to Robert de Niro in Taxi Driver </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=okQJPUTQMqA </li></ul><ul><li>Fascination with violence </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Social determinism in both films (Nockout Ned & Vinz). </li></ul><ul><li>City of God circular end (children taking over Li'L Zé’s empire). </li></ul><ul><li>Masculinity in La Haine (social empowerment through the male body). </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Masculinity and Gender relations in La Haine </li></ul><ul><li>Masculinity and Gender relations in City of God </li></ul><ul><li>Li'L Zé: rape scene </li></ul><ul><li>Immortal Technique: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dance with the Devil”: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0dRgYd5Mxs0 </li></ul><ul><li>Masculinity and Rape </li></ul>

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