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  1. 1. ANADOLU UNIVERSITY <ul><li>2009-2010 </li></ul><ul><li>FALL SEMESTER </li></ul><ul><li>İİBF- Program in Business Administration (English) </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation Techniques </li></ul>
  2. 2. Car-Poolin g <ul><li>44353312274 </li></ul><ul><li>MERVE ŞENDUR </li></ul>
  3. 3. AGENDA <ul><li>Introduction to Car-pooling </li></ul><ul><li>Car-pooling versus car-sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of Carpooling </li></ul><ul><li>Why do not people car-pool, then? </li></ul><ul><li>Most based on free internet access and on-line database. </li></ul>
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION TO CAR-POOLING <ul><li>T he agreement of joining the use of a private car by several individuals having the same journey at mutually compatible times . </li></ul><ul><li>Carpooling arrangements and schemes involve varying degrees of formality and regularity. </li></ul><ul><li>In a structured form since the mid-1970s. </li></ul>
  5. 6. INTRODUCTION TO CAR-POOLİNG <ul><li>usually referred to neighbours commuting together to close workplaces </li></ul><ul><li>But also, bringing children to school , a trip to the city or to a shopping centre , travelling to a common destination for business, conferences or holidays . </li></ul>
  6. 7. Car-pooling versus car-sharing <ul><li>Car-pooling </li></ul><ul><li>Group of people voluntarily join together for sharing the costs of some common journey . </li></ul><ul><li>For the journeys are u sed cars owned by some of the participants to the pool. </li></ul><ul><li>Car-sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Public, business or non profit institution, owning some cars , sells a group of people the right to use them when needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Effective use rather than ownership. </li></ul><ul><li>Comparable to rent-a-car or leasing service . </li></ul>
  7. 8. BENEFITS OF CARPOOLİNG <ul><li>Lower social costs: </li></ul><ul><li>Abating polluting emissions , and correlated environmental and health problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Abating the number of circulating vehicles, congestion and waiting time in traffic jams. </li></ul><ul><li>Decreasing the risk of car accidents . </li></ul><ul><li>Curbing the need for new parking places and road infrastructures. </li></ul>
  8. 10. BENEFITS OF CARPOOLİNG <ul><li>Also behavioural indirect benefits </li></ul><ul><li>challenge to cultural and social habits , </li></ul><ul><li>less self-absorbed and autarchic views, </li></ul><ul><li>more comprehensive and cooperative behaviour, </li></ul><ul><li>greater awareness of social responsibility . </li></ul>
  9. 11. BENEFITS OF CARPOOLİNG <ul><li>Lower private costs… </li></ul><ul><li>Participants share: </li></ul><ul><li>the cost of fuel </li></ul><ul><li>the tolls to access highways or city centres </li></ul><ul><li>the cost of parking </li></ul><ul><li>Less need for an extra car in the household </li></ul>
  10. 12. BENEFITS OF CARPOOLİNG <ul><li>… but also indirect benefits : </li></ul><ul><li>alternating driving over the day and the week </li></ul><ul><li>Less tiredness and stress , </li></ul><ul><li>Greater concentration, lower risk of car accidents, </li></ul><ul><li>More friendly and talkative atmosphere, </li></ul><ul><li>Better and less competitive working environment . </li></ul>
  11. 14. Why do not people car-pool, then? <ul><li>General rationality and cognition arguments. </li></ul><ul><li>Force of habits . </li></ul><ul><li>Attachment to private property. </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling of freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination failure . </li></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>General rationality and cognition arguments. </li></ul><ul><li>People are sometimes bounded rational, instinctive, myopic : computing optimal decisions can be difficult, frequent irrational choices, long-run less perceived than short-run. </li></ul>
  13. 16. 2. Force of habits . <ul><li>Rooted behaviour and mentality are difficult to bend to innovative ones. </li></ul>
  14. 17. 3. Attachment to private property. <ul><li>“ My own car” is a safe extension of my sphere of influence. </li></ul>
  15. 18. 4. Feeling of freedom <ul><li>Independence from anyone else, strongly emphasized also by advertisement. </li></ul>
  16. 19. 5. Coordination failure . <ul><li>Lack of centralized communication and matching between drivers with compatible needs. </li></ul>
  17. 20. Most based on free internet access and on-line database. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  18. 21. ladies and gentlemen thank you for listening and your patience