UCI Libraries SPIRIT Program Instructors: Melanie Sellar, Nicole Gilbertson Exploring History and Social Science through P...
What are our  objectives  today? <ul><li>By the end of today’s class,  you will : </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the role of...
Solve your puzzle! <ul><li>Instructions: </li></ul><ul><li>Take your piece, find others with which it fits, and assemble y...
What does Historical Thinking  look like in  your  classroom?
What distinguishes a  primary  source from a  secondary  source? <ul><li>Secondary </li></ul>Primary
Common characteristics <ul><li>Primary </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary </li></ul><ul><li>Creator actually witnessed event, par...
Activity: Examine your Primary Source <ul><li>Take a few minutes to examine your primary source borrowed from the UCI Libr...
Q1:  Which type of source is recorded  near  or  at the time  of the actual event? <ul><li>primary source </li></ul><ul><l...
Q2:  Which of the following  IS  a  primary source? <ul><li>a book discussing the Oregon Trail </li></ul><ul><li>a pioneer...
Q3:  Which of the following is  NOT  a  primary source? <ul><li>a birth certificate </li></ul><ul><li>a census record </li...
Q4:  Events in secondary sources are typically….? <ul><li>recorded by someone who witnesses the event </li></ul><ul><li>re...
Q5:  The movie “Titanic” can be used as a primary source for a history paper on turn of the century travel. <ul><li>true <...
Q6:  Is recorded historical information on a marriage certificate  always  accurate? <ul><li>yes </li></ul><ul><li>only if...
Q7:  How can secondary sources  best  be used by students when exploring history? <ul><li>Provide unfiltered interpretatio...
Q8:  A  recorded interview with your father on facts about your grandfather’s childhood is a primary source. <ul><li>true ...
Q9:  Primary sources only report the facts, never a bias or opinion. <ul><li>true </li></ul><ul><li>false </li></ul>
Q10:  Primary sources such as magazines and posters can provide what kind of historical information? <ul><li>what was cons...
Muddiest point?
Techniques for Analyzing Primary Sources
Finding Primary Sources Online <ul><li>Challenges? </li></ul><ul><li>Try these portals: </li></ul><ul><li>Spend hours sear...
Activities for using Primary Sources in the Classroom
Please complete evaluations: <ul><li>Go to this web site: </li></ul><ul><li>http://tinyurl.com/ynt4wq </li></ul><ul><li>Th...
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Exploring History and Social Science through Primary Sources

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(Workshop hosted by UC Irvine Libraries)
Promote students' abilities to engage in historical analysis by learning how to incorporate primary sources effectively into classroom instruction. Discover and explore digital primary sources and online tools freely available for educators. Participants will take away methods and ideas that they can use in history and other subject area classrooms.

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Exploring History and Social Science through Primary Sources

  1. 1. UCI Libraries SPIRIT Program Instructors: Melanie Sellar, Nicole Gilbertson Exploring History and Social Science through Primary Sources
  2. 2. What are our objectives today? <ul><li>By the end of today’s class, you will : </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the role of primary sources in building historical thinking skills </li></ul><ul><li>Distinguish primary sources versus secondary sources </li></ul><ul><li>Learn techniques for analyzing primary sources and discover the kind of </li></ul><ul><li>historical information that can be extracted </li></ul><ul><li>Become familiar with some online primary source libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Gain ideas for incorporating primary sources into the classroom </li></ul>
  3. 3. Solve your puzzle! <ul><li>Instructions: </li></ul><ul><li>Take your piece, find others with which it fits, and assemble your puzzle pieces to form the picture. </li></ul><ul><li>Look at your picture: what kind of historical information can you extract? Use these questions to guide you: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When was it created and what do you think it’s about? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where does your eye go first? What details are most striking? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For what topic(s) would this photo be a good resource? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What does Historical Thinking look like in your classroom?
  5. 5. What distinguishes a primary source from a secondary source? <ul><li>Secondary </li></ul>Primary
  6. 6. Common characteristics <ul><li>Primary </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary </li></ul><ul><li>Creator actually witnessed event, participated in it, or lived at the time it happened </li></ul><ul><li>Created when events happened, or just after </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of formats, e.g. photos, diaries, letters, clothing, government info </li></ul><ul><li>A source that analyzes, interprets, or synthesizes info about a historical event </li></ul><ul><li>One-step removed; reporting usually by someone who wasn’t there </li></ul><ul><li>Sample formats: a textbook or encyclopedia </li></ul>
  7. 7. Activity: Examine your Primary Source <ul><li>Take a few minutes to examine your primary source borrowed from the UCI Libraries Special Collections. </li></ul><ul><li>-Why is it a primary source? </li></ul><ul><li>-For what kind of research topics could it provide evidence about? </li></ul><ul><li>-Note anything of particular interest to you </li></ul>
  8. 8. Q1: Which type of source is recorded near or at the time of the actual event? <ul><li>primary source </li></ul><ul><li>secondary source </li></ul>
  9. 9. Q2: Which of the following IS a primary source? <ul><li>a book discussing the Oregon Trail </li></ul><ul><li>a pioneer woman’s diary that she wrote while traveling west </li></ul><ul><li>a US history text </li></ul>
  10. 10. Q3: Which of the following is NOT a primary source? <ul><li>a birth certificate </li></ul><ul><li>a census record </li></ul><ul><li>a memoir </li></ul><ul><li>minutes from an organization </li></ul><ul><li>they are all primary sources </li></ul>
  11. 11. Q4: Events in secondary sources are typically….? <ul><li>recorded by someone who witnesses the event </li></ul><ul><li>recorded by someone who hears about the event </li></ul>
  12. 12. Q5: The movie “Titanic” can be used as a primary source for a history paper on turn of the century travel. <ul><li>true </li></ul><ul><li>false </li></ul>
  13. 13. Q6: Is recorded historical information on a marriage certificate always accurate? <ul><li>yes </li></ul><ul><li>only if the couple doesn’t lie about the information </li></ul><ul><li>no </li></ul>
  14. 14. Q7: How can secondary sources best be used by students when exploring history? <ul><li>Provide unfiltered interpretations of the past </li></ul><ul><li>Serve as a good starting point for investigation </li></ul><ul><li>Help back up a student’s arguments </li></ul>
  15. 15. Q8: A recorded interview with your father on facts about your grandfather’s childhood is a primary source. <ul><li>true </li></ul><ul><li>false </li></ul>
  16. 16. Q9: Primary sources only report the facts, never a bias or opinion. <ul><li>true </li></ul><ul><li>false </li></ul>
  17. 17. Q10: Primary sources such as magazines and posters can provide what kind of historical information? <ul><li>what was considered luxury </li></ul><ul><li>current technology </li></ul><ul><li>social norms </li></ul><ul><li>all of the above </li></ul>
  18. 18. Muddiest point?
  19. 19. Techniques for Analyzing Primary Sources
  20. 20. Finding Primary Sources Online <ul><li>Challenges? </li></ul><ul><li>Try these portals: </li></ul><ul><li>Spend hours searching </li></ul><ul><li>Information overload </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t determine quality </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t determine accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t determine authority </li></ul>
  21. 21. Activities for using Primary Sources in the Classroom
  22. 22. Please complete evaluations: <ul><li>Go to this web site: </li></ul><ul><li>http://tinyurl.com/ynt4wq </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you!! </li></ul>
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