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Components of fitness
 

Components of fitness

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    Components of fitness Components of fitness Presentation Transcript

    • The Components of Fitness
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents COMPONENTS OF FITNESS • Flexibility y • Strength • Speed • Power • Balance • Endurance • Agility • Balance • Co-ordination • Body Composition Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 2
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents PHYSICAL FITNESS• PHYSICAL FITNESS IS THE ABILITY OF THE BODY TO ADAPT TO THE DEMANDS AND STRESSES OF PHYSICAL EFFORT.• Fitness itself can not be described in a single definition, but must be looked at in its ten separate components. Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 3
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents Flexibility • Flexibility – the ability of your bilit f muscles, ligaments and li t d tendons to stretch so that h h your joints allow large range movements. Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 4
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents Strength•Muscular strength – Muscular the force that a muscle or group of muscles can generate against a resistance in a single i t i i l contraction. contraction Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 5
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents Anaerobic Capacity• Anaerobic Capacity p y (Speed) - the ability to get your body moving quickly. quickly• Uses anaerobic energy system ( y (I.e. no oxygen but yg P-Cr and Lactic acid energy systems). systems) Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 6
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents POWER• Power is the functional application of both strength and speed. It is the key component for most p y p athletic performances.• Muscular Power – the ability to use a lot of strength very quickly to produce an explosive effort. Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 7
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents Balance• Balance – your y ability to maintain the body in equilibrium (in a stable position) while you are moving (dynamic) or (d i ) stationary y (stationary). Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 8
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents Muscular Endurance• Muscular Endurance – the ability of your muscles to produce small efforts that are repeated over and over again. Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 9
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents Aerobic C A bi Capacity it• A Aerobic Capacity (“Stamina”) - the bi C i (“S i ”) h ability to keep producing energy aerobically (uses oxygen) and using it to perform tasks involving the whole body for extended periods of time p• Aerobic capacity depends on the ability of your heart and lungs to deliver oxygen through your blood to your muscles, to produce aerobic energy.• Long d duration, low intensity. l Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 10
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents Agility• Agility – your ability to change direction quickly and precisely and still retain balance.• To be agile , you must be able to accelerate quickly, turn, dodge and weave. d d d Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 11
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents Co- Co-ordination• Coordination – the ability to time your movements so that you perform h f skills smoothly and accurately. Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 12
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents Body Composition• Body composition - th ratio of th the ti f the different types of tissue in your body y y (fat, muscle, bone). Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 13
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents Fitness Testing • The Importance of Fitness Testing • Criteria for Choosing a Fitness Test • Types of Testing Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 14
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents The Importance of Fitness Testing Fitness testing is essential for those interested in sport-related fitness for several reasons: • It id identifies strengths and ifi h d weaknesses • It gives feedback abo t the gi es about effectiveness of training • It provides training incentive • It identifies specific attributes Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 15
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents Strengths and Weaknesses• If a swimmer scores poorly on a 30-meter l 30 t sprint test and vertical jump test, his program should focus on improving his explosive power. Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 16
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents Feedback• By repeating tests at regular intervals, e.g. every 6 weeks, the individual and the coach receive information about the effectiveness of training program.• This feedback is important in assessing improvements and making necessary program modifications. Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 17
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents IncentiveTesting tends to provide training incentive and the motivation to co t ue the act ty, continue t e activity,e.g.:The swimmer whose 30m sprint test has p improved significantly over a 6 week period, feels f l rewarded f d d for their hard work. Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 18
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents Specific Attributes• Fi Fitness testing may i indicate that an athlete has a specific attribute, such as speed, that may help p , y p decide on a position or event suited to her h or hi abilities. his biliti Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 19
    • Personal Fitness Profile
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents An Athlete’s Profile• Using a range of Athlete A fitness tests we can Grip Strength get an overall picture Sit & Reach of the athletes 40m Sprint Fitness Test T hrow and Catch fitness. The profile Agility Run graph on the left Basketball T hrow Vertical Jump shows the athlete Beep T est has high flexibility 0 20 40 60 Percentile 80 100 and strength, but low speed. Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 21
    • HPE Home Year 10 HPE Contents Sport Profile• The athlete’s profile can be compared to 50m Sprint Swimmer an ideal profile of a Grip Strength pa t cu a spo t particular sport. Sit & Reach• This allows the 40m Sprint Fitness T est T hrow and Catch athlete to identify y Agility Run F which components of Basketball T hrow Vertical Jump fitness he/she Beep T est should t h ld target in their t i th i 0 20 40 60 Percentile 80 100 training program. Year 10 HPE – Competitive Swimming and Sports Nutrition Slide 22