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451 Dct Dc Sustainability Exec Overview
 

451 Dct Dc Sustainability Exec Overview

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As huge energy consumers, datacenters find their environmental performance under intense scrutiny. This report provides an overview of current environmental issues most relevant to the datacenter ...

As huge energy consumers, datacenters find their environmental performance under intense scrutiny. This report provides an overview of current environmental issues most relevant to the datacenter industry and its suppliers, including legislation, standards, metrics and other topics.

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    451 Dct Dc Sustainability Exec Overview 451 Dct Dc Sustainability Exec Overview Document Transcript

    • DATACENTERSUSTAINABILITYMandates Are Grim, But Volunteering Is VexingAs huge energy consumers, datacenters find their environmental performanceunder intense scrutiny. This report provides an overview of current environmentalissues most relevant to the datacenter industry and its suppliers, includinglegislation, standards, metrics and other topics. DCT DATACENTER TECHNOLOGIES 4 FINDINGS 5 IMPLICATIONS 1 BOTTOM LINE• Paying for carbon is a scary • Carbon prices are a bigger • Datacenters and their suppliers proposition for datacenter consideration for third-party are beset from all directions operators, but the cost impacts datacenter providers and Web by a variety of environmental may be less than many fear giants than for enterprise sites, but considerations. As always, the – depending on the type of the former group may have more most progress will be made in datacenter and the assumptions of control over their carbon liability. the areas where compliance is the analysis. PAGE 13 PAGE 13 mandatory, or where sustainability improvements align with business • New ASHRAE standards will push • Higher electricity prices modestly objectives. Regulations can push datacenters toward greater use of improve the business case for datacenters toward sustainability, free cooling, or even pave the way efficiency, but most of the business but they can also burden operators for ‘chiller-less’ designs. PAGE 25 case was already there – in the with costs and restrictions – and form of capex savings. PAGE 13• Voluntary standards for datacenter alter the competitive landscape efficiency are proliferating, both • Greater use of free cooling will for suppliers. Voluntary measures for IT and facilities. Many of these create opportunities for suppliers are more palatable, but the standards are similar. PAGE 27 of heat-tolerant IT hardware, proliferation of standards and optimized cooling systems and metrics can create confusion, • There are numerous IT efficiency datacenter management software. frustration and inaction. metrics, but no dominant metric PAGE 25 has emerged. PAGE 34 • Datacenter operators who select an IT efficiency metric and strive to improve will make progress. Those who await the perfect metric will continue to wait. PAGE 37 • Suppliers of datacenter management software that supports multiple standards and metrics will appeal to the widest range of customers. PAGE 37 NOVEMBER 2011 451 RESEARCH: DATACENTER TECHNOLOGIES © 2011 THE 451 GROUP, LLC, TIER1 RESEARCH, LLC, AND/OR ITS AFFILIATES. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    • REPORT SNAPSHOTTITLE Datacenter SustainabilityANALYST John Stanley, Analyst, Datacenter Technologies and Eco-Efficient ITRELEASE DATE November 2011LENGTH 52 pagesABOUT THIS REPORTAs huge energy consumers, datacenters find their environmental performance underintense scrutiny by regulators, customers and others. Regulations can drive datacenterstoward sustainability. However, they can also burden operators with costs and restric-tions, and they can alter the competitive landscape for suppliers. Voluntary measuresare more palatable, but the proliferation of standards and metrics can create confusion,frustration and inaction.This report examines major laws, regulations and standards covering datacenter envi-ronmental performance. It also covers metrics for evaluating sustainability, the use ofrenewable energy and other issues. Taken together, these environmental issues influencethe datacenter and supplier community in a variety of ways.451 RESEARCH: DATACENTER TECHNOLOGIES© 2011 THE 451 GROUP, LLC, TIER1 RESEARCH, LLC, AND/OR ITS AFFILIATES. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    • TABLE OF CONTENTSSECTION 1: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1 1.1 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 KEY FINDINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.3 METHODOLOGY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3.1 Scope of This Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3.2 References and Footnotes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.3.3 Other Information and Services From 451 Research . . . . . . . . 5SECTION 2: OVERVIEW 6SECTION 3: CARBON 8 3.1 CARBON LEGISLATION AND REGULATIONS – US . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.1.1 American Clean Energy and Security Act. . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.1.2 State-Level Initiatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Figure 1: US State-Level Greenhouse Gas Initiatives . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.1.3 US EPA Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases . . . . . . . . 9 3.1.4 451 Take – US Carbon Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 3.2 CARBON LEGISLATION AND REGULATIONS – NON-US . . . . . . . . . 10 3.2.1 European Union Emissions Trading System . . . . . . . . . . .10 3.2.2 UK CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.2.3 Australia’s NGER Act of 2007 and Clean Energy Future Package . . .12 3.3 ANALYSIS – DATACENTER COST IMPACTS, SUPPLIER IMPACTS . . . . . 13 3.3.1 Datacenter Cost Impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 3.3.2 Supplier Impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15SECTION 4: OTHER LEGISLATION AND REGULATIONS IN THE US 17 4.1 US EPA ENGINE GENERATOR RULES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.2 US FEDERAL EXECUTIVE ORDERS 13423 AND 13514 . . . . . . . . . 18 4.3 US SEC GUIDANCE ON CLIMATE-CHANGE DISCLOSURES . . . . . . . . 19 4.4 US FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ‘GREEN GUIDES’. . . . . . . . . . 20 DATACENTER SUSTAINABILITY © 2011 THE 451 GROUP, LLC, TIER1 RESEARCH, LLC, AND/OR ITS AFFILIATES. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    • SECTION 5: RENEWABLE ENERGY, RECS AND OTHER INSTRUMENTS 21 5.1 WHY RENEWABLE ENERGY IS IMPORTANT . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 5.2 ON-SITE RENEWABLE ENERGY GENERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 5.3 RENEWABLE ENERGY CREDITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 5.4 DIRECT RENEWABLE ENERGY PURCHASES . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24SECTION 6: STANDARDS 25 6.1 FACILITIES STANDARDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 6.1.1 ASHRAE’s Updated 2011 Thermal Guidelines for Datacenters . . . .25 6.1.2 ASHRAE Economizer Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 6.1.3 California Title 24 Economizer Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 6.1.4 EU Code of Conduct for Datacenters . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 6.1.5 ENERGY STAR for Datacenters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 6.1.6 LEED for Datacenters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 6.1.7 BREEAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 6.1.8 Green Globes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 6.1.9 NABERS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 6.1.10 ENERGY STAR for UPS Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 6.1.11 The 451 Take – Facilities Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 6.2 IT STANDARDS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 6.2.1 ENERGY STAR for Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 6.2.2 ENERGY STAR for Storage Devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 6.2.3 ENERGY STAR for Desktop PCs, Laptops, Workstations. . . . . . .31 6.2.4 IEEE 1680 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 6.2.5 EPEAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 6.2.6 Climate Savers Computing Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 6.2.7 The 451 Take – IT Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 6.3 OTHER STANDARDS – ICT SECTOR SUPPLEMENT TO THE GHG PROTOCOL PRODUCT ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING STANDARD . . . . 33451 RESEARCH: DATACENTER TECHNOLOGIES© 2011 THE 451 GROUP, LLC, TIER1 RESEARCH, LLC, AND/OR ITS AFFILIATES. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    • SECTION 7: EFFICIENCY AND SUSTAINABILITY METRICS 34 7.1 IT METRICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 7.1.1 Relative Performance Estimate, Version 2 . . . . . . . . . . .34 7.1.2 PAR4 / UL 2640 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 7.1.3 SPEC Metrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 7.1.4 Green Grid Metrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 7.1.5 Total Processing Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 7.1.6 TPC-Energy Specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 7.1.7 The 451 Take – IT Metrics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 7.2 FACILITY METRICS – PUE AND DCIE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 7.3 COMBINED IT-AND-FACILITY METRICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 7.3.1 Green Grid’s Datacenter Maturity Model . . . . . . . . . . . .38 7.3.2 Corporate Average Datacenter Efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . .39 7.4 OTHER METRICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 7.4.1 Carbon Usage Effectiveness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 7.4.2 Water Usage Effectiveness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40APPENDIX A: TIMELINE FOR SELECTED LEGISLATION AND STANDARDS 41APPENDIX B: SUPPLIER LISTS 42 B.1 DATACENTER ENERGY SOFTWARE SUPPLIERS . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Figure 2: Suppliers of Software for Datacenter Energy Monitoring, Reporting, Analysis or Optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 B.2 CARBON, ENERGY AND SUSTAINABILITY MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE SUPPLIERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Figure 3: Suppliers of Software for Carbon, Energy and Sustainability Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 DATACENTER SUSTAINABILITY © 2011 THE 451 GROUP, LLC, TIER1 RESEARCH, LLC, AND/OR ITS AFFILIATES. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    • REFERENCES 45 451 RESEARCH REPORTS AND ‘N PLUS ONE’ IT BLOG POSTS (BY DATE). . . . 45 OTHER REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46INDEX OF COMPANIES AND ORGANIZATIONS 54451 RESEARCH: DATACENTER TECHNOLOGIES© 2011 THE 451 GROUP, LLC, TIER1 RESEARCH, LLC, AND/OR ITS AFFILIATES. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
    • ABOUT THE 451 GROUPThe 451 Group is a technology analyst company. We publish market analysis focusedon innovation in enterprise IT, and support our clients through a range of syndicatedresearch and advisory services. Clients of the company — at vendor, investor, service-provider and end-user organizations — rely on 451 insights to do business better.ABOUT TIER1 RESEARCHTier1 Research covers consumer, enterprise and carrier IT services, particularly hosting,colocation, content delivery, Internet services, software-as-a-service and enterpriseservices. Tier1’s focus is on the movement of services to the Internet — what they are,how they are delivered and where they are going.© 2011 The 451 Group, Tier1 Research and/or its Affiliates. All Rights Reserved. Reproduc-tion and distribution of this publication, in whole or in part, in any form without prior writtenpermission is forbidden. The terms of use regarding distribution, both internally and externally,shall be governed by the terms laid out in your Service Agreement with The 451 Group, Tier1Research and/or its Affiliates. The information contained herein has been obtained from sourcesbelieved to be reliable. The 451 Group and Tier1 Research disclaim all warranties as to the accu-racy, completeness or adequacy of such information. Although The 451 Group and Tier1 Researchmay discuss legal issues related to the information technology business, The 451 Group andTier1 Research do not provide legal advice or services and their research should not be construedor used as such. The 451 Group and Tier1 Research shall have no liability for errors, omissionsor inadequacies in the information contained herein or for interpretations thereof. The readerassumes sole responsibility for the selection of these materials to achieve its intended results. Theopinions expressed herein are subject to change without notice. Analyzing the Business Better perspective from the top in independent tech research of Enterprise IT Innovation DATACENTER SUSTAINABILITY © 2011 THE 451 GROUP, LLC, TIER1 RESEARCH, LLC, AND/OR ITS AFFILIATES. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.