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Developing confidence through public speaking
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Developing confidence through public speaking

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  • Credits: Photo by by Syokkahwin.
  • Public speaking apprehension has symptoms that are Physical, Emotional, andMental. Physical symptoms include things likeStomach upset, flushed skin, sweating, shaking, lightheadedness, rapid or heavy heartbeats, stuttering, and repeating “I don’t feel good! Do I still have to give my speech?” interrupters such as “uh” “you know” “like” “ah” and “um”. Emotional symptoms can include feeling anxious, worried, or upset.Mental symptoms include experiencing negative thought patterns like “I’m going to fail” or “I’m going to make a fool of myself.”
  • Introversion – Introverted people dislike being the focus of other people so speaking in public makesthem anxious. Neurotic people are generally more anxious and engage in more negative self-talk, which includes thoughts about success or failure that go through one’s mind prior to or during a particular situation. An earlier event may cause public speaking apprehension. Modeling—learning through watching and imitating the behaviors and reactions of those you admire or are close to. Reinforcement—learning from personal experiences so that past responses to our behavior shapes our present behavior and expectations about how our future behavior will be received. Did your mother hate public speaking and talk it about it when you were a child? Did you model your behavior on hers? Are you allowing past experiences to shape your present behavior?Some of us have never actually tried to give a presentation, and have no idea how to prepare or what techniques work or don’t work to manage our concerns!
  • Anticipation reactionAre you feeling butterflies rightnow just thinking about yourspeeches? That’s anticipationreaction. Confrontation reaction The nervousness you feel asyou begin to speak. Adaptation reaction The gradual decline of youranxiety level that begins aboutone minute into your speech.It continues to go down as youcontinue speaking.
  • Communication orientation motivation (COM) technique This method asks you to understand that speaking is communicatingwith your audience rather than performing for your audience. TalkWITH them, not AT them to reduce your anxiety. Visualization technique This method asks you to picture or imagine yourself giving aneffective speech that communicates what you want to youraudience. Visualization is used often in sports, and visualization andpractice have proven to enhance performances both in athletics andother areas such as public speaking. Systematic desensitization technique This method reduces apprehension by gradually having peoplevisualize increasingly more frightening events. Think: What doesn’tkill me makes me stronger! No one has died from public speaking! Cognitive restructuring technique This method requires you to rebuild your thoughts about publicspeaking by removing the negative self-talk and replacing it withpositive self-talk. Public speaking skills training technique In this class you will learn the skills associated with the processesinvolved in preparing and delivering effective public speeches andthat knowledge will reduce your public speaking apprehension.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Developing Confidence Through Public Speaking MARTHA SCHWER MADISON AREA TECHNICAL COLLEGE ORAL & INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION Accessibility Note: For a transcript, please look at the bottom of each slide.
    • 2. Definition of Public Speaking Apprehension Public Speaking Apprehension is a type of communication anxiety; it is the level of fear a person experiences when anticipating or actually speaking in front of an audience
    • 3. Causes of Public Speaking Apprehension  Biologically-based temperament, like introversion.  Previous negative experiences  Lack of experience  Negative self-talk in general (habit) Photo by ThisYearsLove. Happy Dog, Embarrassed Dog.
    • 4.  Public speaking apprehension— Coping with Public Speaking Apprehension Get over it by getting on with it!  Force yourself to give speeches. It DOES get easier !  The best way to keep public speaking apprehension at bay: PREPARE!  You don’t want to be rid of ALL nervousness. Photo by Chris Hunleker. Woman prepping for ocean swim.
    • 5. Phases of Speaking Apprehension Anticipation reaction: Anxiety you feel before you begin to speak Confrontation Reaction The nervousness you feel as you begin to speak. Adaptation Reaction The nervousness you feel as you begin to speak.
    • 6.  Communication orientation 5 Methods to Reduce Public Speaking Apprehension     motivation (COM) technique Visualization technique Systematic desensitization technique Cognitive restructuring technique Public speaking skills training technique
    • 7. Basic Public Speaking Tips to Prevent or Reduce Anxiety Specific techniques to reduce public speaking apprehension:  Allow sufficient time to prepare  Practice (and time) your speech aloud  Choose an appropriate time & environment for speaking  Use positive self-talk  Focus on your message