Eco-labelling schemes are voluntary, market-based schemes used by manufacturers or retailers to help consumers identify products that have a reduced environmental impact
Although all eco-labelling schemes aim to empower consumers to make choices about environmentally sustainable consumption, some have been developed in the light of particular national circumstances and environmental concerns which may not apply elsewhere
These differences are reflected in different approaches to eco-labelling from one country to another
pre-production, production, packaging and distribution, use, disposal
At each stage, a number of environmental effects are considered, including: waste; noise; air contamination; water contamination; ecosystem effects; energy consumption; natural resource consumption; and soil pollution
Apart from the impact of noise, most other criteria draw heavily on chemistry and the expertise of chemists in these fields.
The EU eco-label has been in operation since 1992 and aims to provide a single, authoritative and widely recognised guide to consumers on products which are less harmful to the environment than their alternatives.
Established in 1989, Green Seal is an independent, non-profit organisation aimed at achieving a healthier and cleaner environment
By providing an authoritative environmental label to assist consumer choice, Green Seal aims to reduce air and water pollution, the amount of energy wasted and natural resources used, and to slow down ozone depletion
Delivers sound, actionable advice to manufacturers, purchasers, and individuals who want to make a positive impact on the environment and quality of life
Helps government agencies and other institutions meet their goals and fulfil green procurement policies
Eco Labels: are labels used by manufacturers of products claiming to be environmentally acceptable, specifying to the consumer the exact nature of their ecological soundness, eg ‘contains no animal products'.
Energy Efficiency Labels: are informative labels affixed to manufactured products that indicate a product’s energy performance and provide consumers with the information necessary to make an informed purchase-decision .
By law, the European Community Energy Label must be displayed on all new household products of the following types displayed for sale, hire or hire-purchase:
Refrigerators, freezers and fridgefreezer combinations
Electric tumble dryers
Mail Order catalogues, Internet advertisements and manufacturers’ literature must contain similar information. You should expect to be provided with this information wherever you buy or hire these products.