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Introduction to
Martin Luther King Jr
Grade 12 Critical Study unit
American Civil War
Emancipation Proclamation
" . . . all persons held as slaves within
any State or designated part of a State,
the people wh...
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject
to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United ...
Jim Crow
“It shall be unlawful for a negro and white person to play together or in company
with each other in any game of cards or ...
Violence and lynching
1955 Montgomery, Alabama
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Guiding principles and beliefs
Christianity (family of
Baptist ministers)
Pastor Dexter Ave Baptist
Church
NAACP (National...
Landmark in Civil Rights
1954 Brown versus Board of
Education
racially segregated public
schools were declared
inherently ...
Reactions
Integration
Integration begins in
Little Rock, Arkansas,
1957
Central High school
“Little Rock Nine”
supported by NAACP
Ar...
Compass Points thinking routine
WEST
What WORRIES
does MLK express
about the issue?
NORTH
What does MLK
know/NEED the
audi...
As I stand here and look out upon the
thousands of Negro faces, and the
thousands of white faces, intermingled like
the wa...
15 mins
1. Identify the rhetorical devices
2. Decide on the point these communicate and the
effects they have on the audie...
What is interesting about the speech?
—Briefly put the speech into context:
Who? What? When? Where? Why? What are the
circ...
Introduction to the speeches and writings of Martin Luther King Jr
Introduction to the speeches and writings of Martin Luther King Jr
Introduction to the speeches and writings of Martin Luther King Jr
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Introduction to the speeches and writings of Martin Luther King Jr

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For students who have a prior knowledge of the Civil Rights Movement. Leads into study of 'Speech Before Youth March for Integrated Schools'.

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Published in: Education, Spiritual
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Transcript of "Introduction to the speeches and writings of Martin Luther King Jr"

  1. 1. Introduction to Martin Luther King Jr Grade 12 Critical Study unit
  2. 2. American Civil War
  3. 3. Emancipation Proclamation " . . . all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free . . . " Abraham Lincoln (Emancipation Proclamation, 1863)
  4. 4. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Fourteenth Amendment: civil rights for all
  5. 5. Jim Crow
  6. 6. “It shall be unlawful for a negro and white person to play together or in company with each other in any game of cards or dice, dominoes or checkers.” —Birmingham, Alabama, 1930 “It shall be unlawful for any white prisoner to be handcuffed or otherwise chained or tied to a negro prisoner.” —Arkansas, 1903 “No colored barber shall serve as a barber to white women or girls.” —Atlanta, Georgia, 1926 “Any person...presenting for public acceptance or general information, arguments or suggestions in favor of social equality or of intermarriage between whites and negroes, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and subject to a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars or imprisonment not exceeding six months or both fine and imprisonment in the discretion of the court.” —Mississippi, 1920 “Separate free schools shall be established for the education of children of African descent; and it shall be unlawful for any colored child to attend any white school, or any white child to attend a colored school.” —Missouri, 1929
  7. 7. Violence and lynching
  8. 8. 1955 Montgomery, Alabama
  9. 9. Montgomery Bus Boycott
  10. 10. Guiding principles and beliefs Christianity (family of Baptist ministers) Pastor Dexter Ave Baptist Church NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) Non-violent protest and resistance (influenced by Ghandi)
  11. 11. Landmark in Civil Rights 1954 Brown versus Board of Education racially segregated public schools were declared inherently unequal Oliver Brown’s daughter forced to take a bus to an all- black school rather than attend the all-white school blocks from her house.
  12. 12. Reactions
  13. 13. Integration Integration begins in Little Rock, Arkansas, 1957 Central High school “Little Rock Nine” supported by NAACP Arkansas National guard prevented entry Injunction & police escort
  14. 14. Compass Points thinking routine WEST What WORRIES does MLK express about the issue? NORTH What does MLK know/NEED the audience to know? EAST What EXCITEMENT does MLK express about the issue? SOUTH What STANCE does MLK take on the issue?
  15. 15. As I stand here and look out upon the thousands of Negro faces, and the thousands of white faces, intermingled like the waters of a river, I see only one face - the face of the future. Use of quantitative words Acknowledgement of the audience Simile Synecdoche Zeugma (prozeugma)Caesura
  16. 16. 15 mins 1. Identify the rhetorical devices 2. Decide on the point these communicate and the effects they have on the audience 3. Decide on which rhetorical proof(s) are in use 2-3 min presentation in front of the class Present analysis – try to be creative in your presentation (skit, role play, rap, ‘teacher’ etc.) Group analysis
  17. 17. What is interesting about the speech? —Briefly put the speech into context: Who? What? When? Where? Why? What are the circumstances? —What is your overarching interpretation? —What are the key ideas which support your overarching interpretation? (which are explicit/implicit?) —Martin Luther King Jr’s purpose? How would you introduce this speech in your IOC?
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