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Developing Multiliteracies in Secondary Content Area Classrooms Michelle Schira Hagerman Doctoral Student, Michigan State University Research Affiliate, Albion College http://mschirahagerman.com A special presentation for EDUC 373, Albion College Tuesday, February 5, 2013
Today’s Big Questions• What are the key job skills and life skills needed in our 21st-century world?• To what extent should multiliteracies be used to help students develop those skills?• How should they be used?
Let’s hear what you think?• What are the key job skills and life skills needed in our 21st-century world?• We’re going to talk about it…but we’re also going to share what we think using Lino.• Lino Board: What are 21st Century Skills?
Kylene Beers • Basic, Scientific, Economic & • Teaming, Collaboration & Technological Literacies Interpersonal Skills • Visual and Information Literacies • Personal, Social & Civic • Multicultural Literacy and Global Responsibility Awareness • Interactive Communication • Adaptability • Prioritizing, Planning & Managing for Results • Managing complexity & Self-direction • Curiosity, creativity & risk-taking • Effective Use of Real-World Tools • Higher-order thinking & sound • Ability to Produce Relevant, High- reasoning Quality ProductsBeers, K. (2007). The measure of our success. In K. Beers, R.E. Probst & L. Rief (Eds). Adolescent literacy: Turning promise into practice (pp 1-14).Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.
Partnership for 21st Century Skillshttp://www.p21.org/overview/skills-framework
Douglas Thomas and John Seely Brown • Imagination • Collaboration • Playfulness • Embracing change • MakingThomas, D. & Brown, J.S. (2011). A new culture of learning: Cultivating imagination for a world of constant change. Lexington, KY:Douglas Thomas and John Seely Brown.
Jason Ohler • Discipline specific literacies • Digital literacies • Integrating new media into a cohesive narrative, or collage – words, images, video coalesce to create new meaning together • Participatory digital citizenship • Creation/MakingOhler, J. (2009). Orchestrating the media collage. ASCD, 66(6), 8-13.
The Common Core State Standards for ELA & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical SubjectsStudents who are college and career ready in reading, writing, speaking, listening andlanguage…• Demonstrate independence• Build strong content knowledge• Respond to the demands of audience, task, purpose & discipline• Comprehend as well as critique• Value evidence• Use technology and digital media strategically and capably• Come to understand other perspectives and culturesCommon Core State Standards Initiative (2012). The common core state standards for English language arts and literacy inhistory/social studies, science, and technical subjects, p. 7. Retieved from http://www.corestandards.org/the-standards
What are multiliteracies?• This time, let’s try Hootcourse to see what we understand.• http://hootcourse.com/course/2941/w3uk66pjqjxd 8ms/
The New London Group • Multiliteracies – two big ideas… • Multiple modes of making meaning, e.g., linguistic meaning, visual meaning, audio meaning, gestural meaning, spatial meaning & multimodal patterns of meaning based on the integration of the others • Cultural and social ways of understanding/making meaning • “Literacy educators and students must see themselves as active participants in social change, as learners who can be active designers – makers of social futures.”New London Group (1996). A pedagogy of multiliteracies: Designing social futures. Harvard Educational Review,66:1, 60-92.
New Literacies of Online Reading Comprehension • Questioning • Locating • Evaluating • Synthesizing • CommunicatingLeu, D. J., Kinzer, C. K., Coiro, J. L., & Cammack, D. W. (2004). Toward a theory of new literacies emerging from theInternet and other information and communication technologies. In R. Ruddell & N. Unrau (Eds.) Theoretical modelsand processes of reading (5th ed, pp. 1568-1611) Newark, DE: International Reading Association.
How should we teach them?• Ideas? (Hint: Ideas from your readings most welcomed in addition to your own!)• Tweet them in Hootcourse!
TPACK it…• Imagine an activity for students in your content area that… 1. Includes collaborative construction of understanding 2. Involves reading, writing, listening and/or speaking 3. Integrates technologies in ways that support 1 & 2…but also the development of digital literacies 4. Requires the creation of something that can be shared with an authentic audience online• Work with a partner• 20 minutes for planning & sketching, then we share our ideas• For tech tool ideas: Cool Tools for Schools
Where will you archive this idea? With whom will you share it?• Will you blog about it?• Will you keep it in an Evernote library?• Will you post it to a social network?• Will you write it up on a publicly searchable Google Doc?• Will you share it with a professional community of other teachers?• Or…will it stay on your hard drive…never to be seen again?
Voicethread• Let’s try something crazy…• Let’s record our ideas on a Voicethread.• https://voicethread.com/share/4089383/
More from the experts…• “School is all about little minds, not big Minds.” (Gee, 2013, p. 165)• “[…] the kind of learning that will define the twenty-first century is not taking place in a classroom – at least not in today’s classroom.” (Thomas & Brown, 2011, p. 17)• “Schools have kept digital technologies on the periphery of their core academic practices. Schools often provide computer labs, tech prep courses, and computer literacy and programming courses to help students learn about technology, but do not try to rethink basic practices of teaching and learning.” (Collins & Halverson, 2009, p. 6)
Michelle’s Top 5 Recommendations for Supporting Digital/New/Multi Literacies in the Secondary Classroom1. Think first and think deeply about the skills, strategies and mindsets you need to help your students acquire. This is your purpose. It must drive your choices.2. Think second about the best pedagogical methods you know for supporting the development of those skills, strategies and mindsets. If you don’t know – ask someone AND use technology to find out.3. Ask yourself at every turn: Is there a way for me to integrate a technology that would make this learning activity more collaborative, more playful, more authentic, more complex?
Michelle’s Top 54. Play. Make things. Share. Contribute. Repeat.5. Remember that literacies give access – and that 21st century literacies are diverse, complex and like all other literacies, develop when scaffolded. Don’t assume kids will just “learn them”in the absence of thoughtful engagement.
Pink, D. (2013, January 7) Does the “school cliff ” matter more than the “fiscal cliff ”? Retrieved fromhttp://www.danpink.com/2013/01/does-the-school-cliff-matter-more-than-the-fiscal-cliff
What are the key job skills and life skills needed in our 21st-century world? Mind Visions: What do YOU think WE should do? If you cannot help answer this question and motivate people to action for a vision, or if you trust “experts” or politicians to answer it alone, you have not been educated. […] How can school encourage Mind Visions? This is what the Liberal Arts at their best were always about: multiple visions, from art and science, of a better, fairer, sustainable world. What we have to add to this is the demand that each student become a maker of visions, a visionary, and not just a spectator of visions. Today’s digital media, used well, can facilitate students to be visionaries. […] Digital media can make learning in and out of school engaging […], social, and life enhancing. Digital tools can make better minds and a better society, but they cannot do this by themselves. ” (Gee, 2013, pp. 214-215)Gee, J.P. (2013). The anti-education era: Creating smarter students through digital learning. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.
Let’s end with a poll…http://www.polleverywhere.com/survey/CGtlzC_IF
Resources in One Place• Lino• Hootcourse• VoiceThread• Evernote• Google Drive• Poll Everywhere• Cool Tools for School Wiki
ReferencesBeers, K. (2007). The measure of our success. In K. Beers, R.E. Probst & L. Rief (Eds). Adolescent literacy: Turning promise into practice (pp 1-14).Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.Collins, A. & Halverson, R. (2009). Rethinking education in the age of technology: The digital revolution and schooling in America. New York:Teachers College Press.Common Core State Standards Initiative (2012). The common core state standards for English language arts and literacy in history/social studies, science, andtechnical subjects, p. 7. Retieved from http://www.corestandards.org/the-standardsGee, J.P. (2013). The anti-education era: Creating smarter students through digital learning. New York: Palgrave MacMillanLeu, D. J., Kinzer, C. K., Coiro, J. L., & Cammack, D. W. (2004). Toward a theory of new literacies emerging from the Internet and otherinformation and communication technologies. In R. Ruddell & N. Unrau (Eds.) Theoretical models and processes of reading (5th ed, pp. 1568-1611)Newark, DE: International Reading Association.New London Group (1996). A pedagogy of multiliteracies: Designing social futures. Harvard Educational Review,66:1, 60-92.Ohler, J. (2009). Orchestrating the media collage. ASCD, 66(6), 8-13.Partnership for 21st Century Skills Initiative (2013). The framework. Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/overview/skills-frameworkPink, D. (2013, January 7) Does the “school cliff” matter more than the “fiscal cliff”? Retrieved from http://www.danpink.com/2013/01/does-the-school-cliff-matter-more-than-the-fiscal-cliffThomas, D. & Brown, J.S. (2011). A new culture of learning: Cultivating imagination for a world of constant change. Lexington, KY: Douglas Thomas andJohn Seely Brown.