Week6 day4-comparative and superlativePresentation Transcript
Degrees of Adjectives:
COMPARATIVE and SUPERLATIVE
Comparatives are used to compare two things. You can use sentences with than, or you can use a conjunction like but:
Sarah is shorter than Tom.
Sarah is tall, but Tom is taller.
Superlatives are used to compare more than two things. Superlative sentences usually use the, because there is only one superlative.
Tom is the tallest in the class.
Sarah is tall, and Mary is taller, but Tom is the tallest.
How to form the comparative and superlative of adjectives? 1 . One syllable adjectives: cheap Comparative: add er (cheaper) Superlative: add est (the cheapest) 2. One syllable adjectives ending in e: nice Comparative: add r (nicer) Superlative: add st (the nicest) and superlative adjectives? 3. One syllable adjectives ending in consonant - vowel - consonant: hot Comparative: add consonant + er (hotter) Superlative: add consonant + est (the hottest)
4 . Two syllable adjectives ending in y: happy Comparative: replace y with ier (happier) Superlative: replace y with iest (the happiest) 5. Two or more syllable adjectives: beautiful Comparative: add more / less (more / less beautiful) Superlative: add the most / the least (the most / least beautiful) 6. Irregular adjectives good - better - the best bad - worse - the worst far - further - the furthest
SEATWORK: Fill in the correct form of the words in brackets (comparative or superlative). 1. My house is (big) than yours. 2. This flower is (beautiful) than that one. 3. This is the (interesting) book I have ever read. 4. Non-smokers usually live (long) than smokers. 5. Which is the (dangerous) animal in the world? 6. A holiday by the sea is (good) than a holiday in the mountains. 7. It is strange but often a coke is (expensive) than a beer. 8. Who is the (rich) woman on earth? 9. The weather this summer is even (bad) than last summer. 10. He was the (clever) thief of all.