AIM: How did George Washington’s Presidency shape the American government?
Washington’s Presidency Saw…• Growth of the Supreme Court• Judiciary Act of 1789 created the federal court system• Creation of a Presidential Cabinet• Secretaries would serve as department heads and advisors to the President• Rise of political parties• Development of the Federalist and Republican parties
Washington’s Presidency Saw…• Establishment of a National Bank• D.C. become the capital• Adoption of “Mr. President”
GEORGE WASHINGTON• Foreign Issues and Policies – Neutrality – declared when French Revolution broke out. – Democratic Republicans wanted to support Jacobins – Federalists wanted to support Brits
GEORGE WASHINGTON• Domestic Issues and Policies: Government – Increased the power of Federal Courts (especially Supreme Court – Judiciary Act of 1785 – Whiskey Rebellion
GEORGE WASHINGTON• Domestic Issues and Policies: Economy – National Bank – 1789 Protective tariff = import tax on European products – meant to encourage U.S. production – Excise tax = tax on products produced for sale or distribution (i.e. Whiskey) – Whiskey Rebellion – federal government sent in troops • Showed off power of the federal government
GEORGE WASHINGTON• Domestic Issues and Policies: Society – Land • Signed treaty of San Lorenzo (Pinckney’s Treaty) with Spain – established 31st parallel and Mississippi River • Treaty of Grenville – acquired most of Ohio from Native Americans • Jay’s Treaty (1794)s – got the British out of forts in US (fixed some problems of the Treaty of Paris)
GEORGE WASHINGTONParty Federalists Democrat-RepublicsLeaders Hamilton/Adams Jefferson/MadisonSupporters Elite, Educated, Merchants, Farmers, trades people Landowners, investors, manufacturersPolitical Platforms Power with Federal Republic Power with states Should be run by well educated Limited national elite government Democracy w/virtuous farmersEconomy Industrial: based on shipping and Agrarian/Agriculture: manufacturing (North) Based on farming National Bank =loose Unconstitutional=strict constitutional interpretationForeign Policy Supported Brits Supported French and Republic = ideals of Revolutions