AIM: How did George Washington’s  Presidency shape the American          government?
Washington’s Presidency Saw…• Growth of the Supreme Court• Judiciary Act of 1789 created the federal court  system• Creati...
Washington’s Presidency Saw…• Establishment of a National Bank• D.C. become the capital• Adoption of “Mr. President”
GEORGE WASHINGTON• Foreign Issues and Policies   – Neutrality – declared when     French Revolution broke out.   – Democra...
GEORGE WASHINGTON• Domestic Issues and Policies:  Government  – Increased the power of Federal    Courts (especially Supre...
GEORGE WASHINGTON• Domestic Issues and Policies: Economy  – National Bank  – 1789 Protective tariff = import tax on Europe...
GEORGE WASHINGTON• Domestic Issues and Policies: Society  – Land     • Signed treaty of San Lorenzo (Pinckney’s       Trea...
GEORGE WASHINGTONParty                 Federalists                         Democrat-RepublicsLeaders               Hamilto...
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How did George Washington’s Presidency shape the American government?

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How did George Washington’s Presidency shape the American government?

  1. 1. AIM: How did George Washington’s Presidency shape the American government?
  2. 2. Washington’s Presidency Saw…• Growth of the Supreme Court• Judiciary Act of 1789 created the federal court system• Creation of a Presidential Cabinet• Secretaries would serve as department heads and advisors to the President• Rise of political parties• Development of the Federalist and Republican parties
  3. 3. Washington’s Presidency Saw…• Establishment of a National Bank• D.C. become the capital• Adoption of “Mr. President”
  4. 4. GEORGE WASHINGTON• Foreign Issues and Policies – Neutrality – declared when French Revolution broke out. – Democratic Republicans wanted to support Jacobins – Federalists wanted to support Brits
  5. 5. GEORGE WASHINGTON• Domestic Issues and Policies: Government – Increased the power of Federal Courts (especially Supreme Court – Judiciary Act of 1785 – Whiskey Rebellion
  6. 6. GEORGE WASHINGTON• Domestic Issues and Policies: Economy – National Bank – 1789 Protective tariff = import tax on European products – meant to encourage U.S. production – Excise tax = tax on products produced for sale or distribution (i.e. Whiskey) – Whiskey Rebellion – federal government sent in troops • Showed off power of the federal government
  7. 7. GEORGE WASHINGTON• Domestic Issues and Policies: Society – Land • Signed treaty of San Lorenzo (Pinckney’s Treaty) with Spain – established 31st parallel and Mississippi River • Treaty of Grenville – acquired most of Ohio from Native Americans • Jay’s Treaty (1794)s – got the British out of forts in US (fixed some problems of the Treaty of Paris)
  8. 8. GEORGE WASHINGTONParty Federalists Democrat-RepublicsLeaders Hamilton/Adams Jefferson/MadisonSupporters Elite, Educated, Merchants, Farmers, trades people Landowners, investors, manufacturersPolitical Platforms Power with Federal Republic Power with states Should be run by well educated Limited national elite government Democracy w/virtuous farmersEconomy Industrial: based on shipping and Agrarian/Agriculture: manufacturing (North) Based on farming National Bank =loose Unconstitutional=strict constitutional interpretationForeign Policy Supported Brits Supported French and Republic = ideals of Revolutions

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