Greek Myth <ul><li>Myths: a usually traditional story of historical events that serves to unfold part of the world view of a people or explain a practice, belief, or natural phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>Religious beliefs : multiple interpretations </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks : polytheistic (believed and worshiped multiple gods) </li></ul>
Greek Myth In the beginning, Chaos (a gaping endless void) and a vast flowing blanket of water (Oceanus) covered all of the universe.
Greek Myth Eurynome : was the Goddess of All Things, and desired to make order out of the Chaos. She “merged” with a powerful snake, Ophion and she gave birth to Eros , god of Love, also known as Protagonus, the "firstborn".
Greek Myth Also born out of Chaos were Gaia , called Earth, or Mother Earth, and Uranus , the embodiment of the Sky and the Heavens, as well as Tartarus , god of the sunless and terrible region beneath Gaia, the Earth.
Greek Myth Gaia and Uranus married and gave birth to the Titans , a race of formidable giants, which included a particularly wily(crafty, clever) giant named Cronus .
Greek Myth Gaia and Uranus warned Cronus that a son of his would one day overpower him. Cronus therefore swallowed his numerous children by his wife Rhea, to keep that forecast from taking place.
Greek Myth Zeus made himself Supreme God over all and lived on Mount Olympus, in Thessaly. All the others were left to fend for themselves in lands below Mount Olympus.
Greek Myth Prometheus , one of the Titans not vanquished in the war between Zeus and the giants. It is said in many myths that Prometheus had created d a race of people from clay… The Common People
Greek Myth The gods of Greek myth were how a lot of citizens understood the ways of life. They had a creation story to tell and explain their existence. This gave comfort, but the gods where also very distant beings: Immortal vs. Mortal Supreme Beings(Mount Olympus) vs. Common People (Prometheus)
Roman Myth For the most part, the Greek and Roman myths were about the same. The Romans were more interested with Power than the Greeks ideas of equality, so this aspect changes the myths .
Philosophy Court System: The Juries decided the verdict, very democratic. Socrates was sentenced to death by one of these Juries: for impiety.
Philosophy Plato: wrote down Socrates’ thoughts Dialogues: Euthyphro (what is piety), Apology (Socrates’ defense speech, Crito(being faithful to governed rules) Republic vs. Democracy: Let educated aristocrats decide on government officials instead of the general public.
Philosophy Aristotle: was not from Athens, studied at Plato’s academy, was more interested in science, nature, and finding order scientific order in chaotic nature. Science looked away from the gods and sought fact through nature, and tests.